channel: ast_write frame wrongly freed after call to audiohooks
[asterisk/asterisk.git] / main / channel.c
1 /*
2  * Asterisk -- An open source telephony toolkit.
3  *
4  * Copyright (C) 1999 - 2006, Digium, Inc.
5  *
6  * Mark Spencer <markster@digium.com>
7  *
8  * See http://www.asterisk.org for more information about
9  * the Asterisk project. Please do not directly contact
10  * any of the maintainers of this project for assistance;
11  * the project provides a web site, mailing lists and IRC
12  * channels for your use.
13  *
14  * This program is free software, distributed under the terms of
15  * the GNU General Public License Version 2. See the LICENSE file
16  * at the top of the source tree.
17  */
18
19 /*! \file
20  *
21  * \brief Channel Management
22  *
23  * \author Mark Spencer <markster@digium.com>
24  */
25
26 /*** MODULEINFO
27         <support_level>core</support_level>
28  ***/
29
30 #include "asterisk.h"
31
32 #include "asterisk/_private.h"
33
34 #include <sys/time.h>
35 #include <signal.h>
36 #include <math.h>
37
38 #include "asterisk/paths.h"     /* use ast_config_AST_SYSTEM_NAME */
39
40 #include "asterisk/pbx.h"
41 #include "asterisk/frame.h"
42 #include "asterisk/mod_format.h"
43 #include "asterisk/sched.h"
44 #include "asterisk/channel.h"
45 #include "asterisk/musiconhold.h"
46 #include "asterisk/say.h"
47 #include "asterisk/file.h"
48 #include "asterisk/cli.h"
49 #include "asterisk/translate.h"
50 #include "asterisk/manager.h"
51 #include "asterisk/chanvars.h"
52 #include "asterisk/linkedlists.h"
53 #include "asterisk/indications.h"
54 #include "asterisk/causes.h"
55 #include "asterisk/callerid.h"
56 #include "asterisk/utils.h"
57 #include "asterisk/lock.h"
58 #include "asterisk/app.h"
59 #include "asterisk/transcap.h"
60 #include "asterisk/devicestate.h"
61 #include "asterisk/threadstorage.h"
62 #include "asterisk/slinfactory.h"
63 #include "asterisk/audiohook.h"
64 #include "asterisk/framehook.h"
65 #include "asterisk/timing.h"
66 #include "asterisk/autochan.h"
67 #include "asterisk/stringfields.h"
68 #include "asterisk/global_datastores.h"
69 #include "asterisk/data.h"
70 #include "asterisk/channel_internal.h"
71 #include "asterisk/features.h"
72 #include "asterisk/bridge.h"
73 #include "asterisk/test.h"
74 #include "asterisk/stasis_channels.h"
75 #include "asterisk/max_forwards.h"
76 #include "asterisk/stream.h"
77
78 /*** DOCUMENTATION
79  ***/
80
81 #if defined(KEEP_TILL_CHANNEL_PARTY_NUMBER_INFO_NEEDED)
82 #if defined(HAVE_PRI)
83 #include "libpri.h"
84 #endif  /* defined(HAVE_PRI) */
85 #endif  /* defined(KEEP_TILL_CHANNEL_PARTY_NUMBER_INFO_NEEDED) */
86
87 /* uncomment if you have problems with 'monitoring' synchronized files */
88 #if 0
89 #define MONITOR_CONSTANT_DELAY
90 #define MONITOR_DELAY   150 * 8         /*!< 150 ms of MONITORING DELAY */
91 #endif
92
93 static int chancount;
94
95 unsigned long global_fin, global_fout;
96
97 AST_THREADSTORAGE(state2str_threadbuf);
98 #define STATE2STR_BUFSIZE   32
99
100 /*! Default amount of time to use when emulating a digit as a begin and end
101  *  100ms */
102 #define AST_DEFAULT_EMULATE_DTMF_DURATION 100
103
104 #define DEFAULT_AMA_FLAGS AST_AMA_DOCUMENTATION
105
106 /*! Minimum amount of time between the end of the last digit and the beginning
107  *  of a new one - 45ms */
108 #define AST_MIN_DTMF_GAP 45
109
110 /*! \brief List of channel drivers */
111 struct chanlist {
112         const struct ast_channel_tech *tech;
113         AST_LIST_ENTRY(chanlist) list;
114 };
115
116 /*! \brief the list of registered channel types */
117 static AST_RWLIST_HEAD_STATIC(backends, chanlist);
118
119 #ifdef LOW_MEMORY
120 #define NUM_CHANNEL_BUCKETS 61
121 #else
122 #define NUM_CHANNEL_BUCKETS 1567
123 #endif
124
125 /*! \brief All active channels on the system */
126 static struct ao2_container *channels;
127
128 /*! \brief map AST_CAUSE's to readable string representations
129  *
130  * \ref causes.h
131 */
132 struct causes_map {
133         int cause;
134         const char *name;
135         const char *desc;
136 };
137
138 static const struct causes_map causes[] = {
139         { AST_CAUSE_UNALLOCATED, "UNALLOCATED", "Unallocated (unassigned) number" },
140         { AST_CAUSE_NO_ROUTE_TRANSIT_NET, "NO_ROUTE_TRANSIT_NET", "No route to specified transmit network" },
141         { AST_CAUSE_NO_ROUTE_DESTINATION, "NO_ROUTE_DESTINATION", "No route to destination" },
142         { AST_CAUSE_MISDIALLED_TRUNK_PREFIX, "MISDIALLED_TRUNK_PREFIX", "Misdialed trunk prefix" },
143         { AST_CAUSE_CHANNEL_UNACCEPTABLE, "CHANNEL_UNACCEPTABLE", "Channel unacceptable" },
144         { AST_CAUSE_CALL_AWARDED_DELIVERED, "CALL_AWARDED_DELIVERED", "Call awarded and being delivered in an established channel" },
145         { AST_CAUSE_PRE_EMPTED, "PRE_EMPTED", "Pre-empted" },
146         { AST_CAUSE_NUMBER_PORTED_NOT_HERE, "NUMBER_PORTED_NOT_HERE", "Number ported elsewhere" },
147         { AST_CAUSE_NORMAL_CLEARING, "NORMAL_CLEARING", "Normal Clearing" },
148         { AST_CAUSE_USER_BUSY, "USER_BUSY", "User busy" },
149         { AST_CAUSE_NO_USER_RESPONSE, "NO_USER_RESPONSE", "No user responding" },
150         { AST_CAUSE_NO_ANSWER, "NO_ANSWER", "User alerting, no answer" },
151         { AST_CAUSE_SUBSCRIBER_ABSENT, "SUBSCRIBER_ABSENT", "Subscriber absent" },
152         { AST_CAUSE_CALL_REJECTED, "CALL_REJECTED", "Call Rejected" },
153         { AST_CAUSE_NUMBER_CHANGED, "NUMBER_CHANGED", "Number changed" },
154         { AST_CAUSE_REDIRECTED_TO_NEW_DESTINATION, "REDIRECTED_TO_NEW_DESTINATION", "Redirected to new destination" },
155         { AST_CAUSE_ANSWERED_ELSEWHERE, "ANSWERED_ELSEWHERE", "Answered elsewhere" },
156         { AST_CAUSE_DESTINATION_OUT_OF_ORDER, "DESTINATION_OUT_OF_ORDER", "Destination out of order" },
157         { AST_CAUSE_INVALID_NUMBER_FORMAT, "INVALID_NUMBER_FORMAT", "Invalid number format" },
158         { AST_CAUSE_FACILITY_REJECTED, "FACILITY_REJECTED", "Facility rejected" },
159         { AST_CAUSE_RESPONSE_TO_STATUS_ENQUIRY, "RESPONSE_TO_STATUS_ENQUIRY", "Response to STATus ENQuiry" },
160         { AST_CAUSE_NORMAL_UNSPECIFIED, "NORMAL_UNSPECIFIED", "Normal, unspecified" },
161         { AST_CAUSE_NORMAL_CIRCUIT_CONGESTION, "NORMAL_CIRCUIT_CONGESTION", "Circuit/channel congestion" },
162         { AST_CAUSE_NETWORK_OUT_OF_ORDER, "NETWORK_OUT_OF_ORDER", "Network out of order" },
163         { AST_CAUSE_NORMAL_TEMPORARY_FAILURE, "NORMAL_TEMPORARY_FAILURE", "Temporary failure" },
164         { AST_CAUSE_SWITCH_CONGESTION, "SWITCH_CONGESTION", "Switching equipment congestion" },
165         { AST_CAUSE_ACCESS_INFO_DISCARDED, "ACCESS_INFO_DISCARDED", "Access information discarded" },
166         { AST_CAUSE_REQUESTED_CHAN_UNAVAIL, "REQUESTED_CHAN_UNAVAIL", "Requested channel not available" },
167         { AST_CAUSE_FACILITY_NOT_SUBSCRIBED, "FACILITY_NOT_SUBSCRIBED", "Facility not subscribed" },
168         { AST_CAUSE_OUTGOING_CALL_BARRED, "OUTGOING_CALL_BARRED", "Outgoing call barred" },
169         { AST_CAUSE_INCOMING_CALL_BARRED, "INCOMING_CALL_BARRED", "Incoming call barred" },
170         { AST_CAUSE_BEARERCAPABILITY_NOTAUTH, "BEARERCAPABILITY_NOTAUTH", "Bearer capability not authorized" },
171         { AST_CAUSE_BEARERCAPABILITY_NOTAVAIL, "BEARERCAPABILITY_NOTAVAIL", "Bearer capability not available" },
172         { AST_CAUSE_BEARERCAPABILITY_NOTIMPL, "BEARERCAPABILITY_NOTIMPL", "Bearer capability not implemented" },
173         { AST_CAUSE_CHAN_NOT_IMPLEMENTED, "CHAN_NOT_IMPLEMENTED", "Channel not implemented" },
174         { AST_CAUSE_FACILITY_NOT_IMPLEMENTED, "FACILITY_NOT_IMPLEMENTED", "Facility not implemented" },
175         { AST_CAUSE_INVALID_CALL_REFERENCE, "INVALID_CALL_REFERENCE", "Invalid call reference value" },
176         { AST_CAUSE_INCOMPATIBLE_DESTINATION, "INCOMPATIBLE_DESTINATION", "Incompatible destination" },
177         { AST_CAUSE_INVALID_MSG_UNSPECIFIED, "INVALID_MSG_UNSPECIFIED", "Invalid message unspecified" },
178         { AST_CAUSE_MANDATORY_IE_MISSING, "MANDATORY_IE_MISSING", "Mandatory information element is missing" },
179         { AST_CAUSE_MESSAGE_TYPE_NONEXIST, "MESSAGE_TYPE_NONEXIST", "Message type nonexist." },
180         { AST_CAUSE_WRONG_MESSAGE, "WRONG_MESSAGE", "Wrong message" },
181         { AST_CAUSE_IE_NONEXIST, "IE_NONEXIST", "Info. element nonexist or not implemented" },
182         { AST_CAUSE_INVALID_IE_CONTENTS, "INVALID_IE_CONTENTS", "Invalid information element contents" },
183         { AST_CAUSE_WRONG_CALL_STATE, "WRONG_CALL_STATE", "Message not compatible with call state" },
184         { AST_CAUSE_RECOVERY_ON_TIMER_EXPIRE, "RECOVERY_ON_TIMER_EXPIRE", "Recover on timer expiry" },
185         { AST_CAUSE_MANDATORY_IE_LENGTH_ERROR, "MANDATORY_IE_LENGTH_ERROR", "Mandatory IE length error" },
186         { AST_CAUSE_PROTOCOL_ERROR, "PROTOCOL_ERROR", "Protocol error, unspecified" },
187         { AST_CAUSE_INTERWORKING, "INTERWORKING", "Interworking, unspecified" },
188 };
189
190 struct ast_variable *ast_channeltype_list(void)
191 {
192         struct chanlist *cl;
193         struct ast_variable *var = NULL, *prev = NULL;
194
195         AST_RWLIST_RDLOCK(&backends);
196         AST_RWLIST_TRAVERSE(&backends, cl, list) {
197                 if (prev)  {
198                         if ((prev->next = ast_variable_new(cl->tech->type, cl->tech->description, "")))
199                                 prev = prev->next;
200                 } else {
201                         var = ast_variable_new(cl->tech->type, cl->tech->description, "");
202                         prev = var;
203                 }
204         }
205         AST_RWLIST_UNLOCK(&backends);
206
207         return var;
208 }
209
210 #if defined(KEEP_TILL_CHANNEL_PARTY_NUMBER_INFO_NEEDED)
211 static const char *party_number_ton2str(int ton)
212 {
213 #if defined(HAVE_PRI)
214         switch ((ton >> 4) & 0x07) {
215         case PRI_TON_INTERNATIONAL:
216                 return "International";
217         case PRI_TON_NATIONAL:
218                 return "National";
219         case PRI_TON_NET_SPECIFIC:
220                 return "Network Specific";
221         case PRI_TON_SUBSCRIBER:
222                 return "Subscriber";
223         case PRI_TON_ABBREVIATED:
224                 return "Abbreviated";
225         case PRI_TON_RESERVED:
226                 return "Reserved";
227         case PRI_TON_UNKNOWN:
228         default:
229                 break;
230         }
231 #endif  /* defined(HAVE_PRI) */
232         return "Unknown";
233 }
234 #endif  /* defined(KEEP_TILL_CHANNEL_PARTY_NUMBER_INFO_NEEDED) */
235
236 #if defined(KEEP_TILL_CHANNEL_PARTY_NUMBER_INFO_NEEDED)
237 static const char *party_number_plan2str(int plan)
238 {
239 #if defined(HAVE_PRI)
240         switch (plan & 0x0F) {
241         default:
242         case PRI_NPI_UNKNOWN:
243                 break;
244         case PRI_NPI_E163_E164:
245                 return "Public (E.163/E.164)";
246         case PRI_NPI_X121:
247                 return "Data (X.121)";
248         case PRI_NPI_F69:
249                 return "Telex (F.69)";
250         case PRI_NPI_NATIONAL:
251                 return "National Standard";
252         case PRI_NPI_PRIVATE:
253                 return "Private";
254         case PRI_NPI_RESERVED:
255                 return "Reserved";
256         }
257 #endif  /* defined(HAVE_PRI) */
258         return "Unknown";
259 }
260 #endif  /* defined(KEEP_TILL_CHANNEL_PARTY_NUMBER_INFO_NEEDED) */
261
262 /*! \brief Show channel types - CLI command */
263 static char *handle_cli_core_show_channeltypes(struct ast_cli_entry *e, int cmd, struct ast_cli_args *a)
264 {
265 #define FORMAT  "%-15.15s  %-40.40s %-13.13s %-13.13s %-13.13s %-13.13s\n"
266         struct chanlist *cl;
267         int count_chan = 0;
268
269         switch (cmd) {
270         case CLI_INIT:
271                 e->command = "core show channeltypes";
272                 e->usage =
273                         "Usage: core show channeltypes\n"
274                         "       Lists available channel types registered in your\n"
275                         "       Asterisk server.\n";
276                 return NULL;
277         case CLI_GENERATE:
278                 return NULL;
279         }
280
281         if (a->argc != 3)
282                 return CLI_SHOWUSAGE;
283
284         ast_cli(a->fd, FORMAT, "Type", "Description", "Devicestate", "Presencestate", "Indications", "Transfer");
285         ast_cli(a->fd, FORMAT, "-------------", "-------------", "-------------", "-------------", "-------------", "-------------");
286
287         AST_RWLIST_RDLOCK(&backends);
288         AST_RWLIST_TRAVERSE(&backends, cl, list) {
289                 ast_cli(a->fd, FORMAT, cl->tech->type, cl->tech->description,
290                         (cl->tech->devicestate) ? "yes" : "no",
291                         (cl->tech->presencestate) ? "yes" : "no",
292                         (cl->tech->indicate) ? "yes" : "no",
293                         (cl->tech->transfer) ? "yes" : "no");
294                 count_chan++;
295         }
296         AST_RWLIST_UNLOCK(&backends);
297
298         ast_cli(a->fd, "----------\n%d channel drivers registered.\n", count_chan);
299
300         return CLI_SUCCESS;
301
302 #undef FORMAT
303 }
304
305 static char *complete_channeltypes(struct ast_cli_args *a)
306 {
307         struct chanlist *cl;
308         int which = 0;
309         int wordlen;
310         char *ret = NULL;
311
312         if (a->pos != 3)
313                 return NULL;
314
315         wordlen = strlen(a->word);
316
317         AST_RWLIST_RDLOCK(&backends);
318         AST_RWLIST_TRAVERSE(&backends, cl, list) {
319                 if (!strncasecmp(a->word, cl->tech->type, wordlen) && ++which > a->n) {
320                         ret = ast_strdup(cl->tech->type);
321                         break;
322                 }
323         }
324         AST_RWLIST_UNLOCK(&backends);
325
326         return ret;
327 }
328
329 /*! \brief Show details about a channel driver - CLI command */
330 static char *handle_cli_core_show_channeltype(struct ast_cli_entry *e, int cmd, struct ast_cli_args *a)
331 {
332         struct chanlist *cl = NULL;
333         struct ast_str *codec_buf = ast_str_alloca(AST_FORMAT_CAP_NAMES_LEN);
334
335         switch (cmd) {
336         case CLI_INIT:
337                 e->command = "core show channeltype";
338                 e->usage =
339                         "Usage: core show channeltype <name>\n"
340                         "       Show details about the specified channel type, <name>.\n";
341                 return NULL;
342         case CLI_GENERATE:
343                 return complete_channeltypes(a);
344         }
345
346         if (a->argc != 4)
347                 return CLI_SHOWUSAGE;
348
349         AST_RWLIST_RDLOCK(&backends);
350
351         AST_RWLIST_TRAVERSE(&backends, cl, list) {
352                 if (!strncasecmp(cl->tech->type, a->argv[3], strlen(cl->tech->type)))
353                         break;
354         }
355
356
357         if (!cl) {
358                 ast_cli(a->fd, "\n%s is not a registered channel driver.\n", a->argv[3]);
359                 AST_RWLIST_UNLOCK(&backends);
360                 return CLI_FAILURE;
361         }
362
363         ast_cli(a->fd,
364                 "-- Info about channel driver: %s --\n"
365                 "  Device State: %s\n"
366                 "Presence State: %s\n"
367                 "    Indication: %s\n"
368                 "     Transfer : %s\n"
369                 "  Capabilities: %s\n"
370                 "   Digit Begin: %s\n"
371                 "     Digit End: %s\n"
372                 "    Send HTML : %s\n"
373                 " Image Support: %s\n"
374                 "  Text Support: %s\n",
375                 cl->tech->type,
376                 (cl->tech->devicestate) ? "yes" : "no",
377                 (cl->tech->presencestate) ? "yes" : "no",
378                 (cl->tech->indicate) ? "yes" : "no",
379                 (cl->tech->transfer) ? "yes" : "no",
380                 ast_format_cap_get_names(cl->tech->capabilities, &codec_buf),
381                 (cl->tech->send_digit_begin) ? "yes" : "no",
382                 (cl->tech->send_digit_end) ? "yes" : "no",
383                 (cl->tech->send_html) ? "yes" : "no",
384                 (cl->tech->send_image) ? "yes" : "no",
385                 (cl->tech->send_text) ? "yes" : "no"
386
387         );
388
389         AST_RWLIST_UNLOCK(&backends);
390
391         return CLI_SUCCESS;
392 }
393
394 static struct ast_cli_entry cli_channel[] = {
395         AST_CLI_DEFINE(handle_cli_core_show_channeltypes, "List available channel types"),
396         AST_CLI_DEFINE(handle_cli_core_show_channeltype,  "Give more details on that channel type")
397 };
398
399 static struct ast_frame *kill_read(struct ast_channel *chan)
400 {
401         /* Hangup channel. */
402         return NULL;
403 }
404
405 static struct ast_frame *kill_exception(struct ast_channel *chan)
406 {
407         /* Hangup channel. */
408         return NULL;
409 }
410
411 static int kill_write(struct ast_channel *chan, struct ast_frame *frame)
412 {
413         /* Hangup channel. */
414         return -1;
415 }
416
417 static int kill_fixup(struct ast_channel *oldchan, struct ast_channel *newchan)
418 {
419         /* No problem fixing up the channel. */
420         return 0;
421 }
422
423 static int kill_hangup(struct ast_channel *chan)
424 {
425         ast_channel_tech_pvt_set(chan, NULL);
426         return 0;
427 }
428
429 /*!
430  * \brief Kill the channel channel driver technology descriptor.
431  *
432  * \details
433  * The purpose of this channel technology is to encourage the
434  * channel to hangup as quickly as possible.
435  *
436  * \note Used by DTMF atxfer and zombie channels.
437  */
438 const struct ast_channel_tech ast_kill_tech = {
439         .type = "Kill",
440         .description = "Kill channel (should not see this)",
441         .read = kill_read,
442         .exception = kill_exception,
443         .write = kill_write,
444         .fixup = kill_fixup,
445         .hangup = kill_hangup,
446 };
447
448 /*! \brief Checks to see if a channel is needing hang up */
449 int ast_check_hangup(struct ast_channel *chan)
450 {
451         if (ast_channel_softhangup_internal_flag(chan))         /* yes if soft hangup flag set */
452                 return 1;
453         if (ast_tvzero(*ast_channel_whentohangup(chan)))        /* no if no hangup scheduled */
454                 return 0;
455         if (ast_tvdiff_ms(*ast_channel_whentohangup(chan), ast_tvnow()) > 0)            /* no if hangup time has not come yet. */
456                 return 0;
457         ast_debug(4, "Hangup time has come: %" PRIi64 "\n", ast_tvdiff_ms(*ast_channel_whentohangup(chan), ast_tvnow()));
458         ast_test_suite_event_notify("HANGUP_TIME", "Channel: %s", ast_channel_name(chan));
459         ast_channel_softhangup_internal_flag_add(chan, AST_SOFTHANGUP_TIMEOUT); /* record event */
460         return 1;
461 }
462
463 int ast_check_hangup_locked(struct ast_channel *chan)
464 {
465         int res;
466         ast_channel_lock(chan);
467         res = ast_check_hangup(chan);
468         ast_channel_unlock(chan);
469         return res;
470 }
471
472 void ast_channel_softhangup_withcause_locked(struct ast_channel *chan, int causecode)
473 {
474         ast_channel_lock(chan);
475
476         if (causecode > 0) {
477                 ast_debug(1, "Setting hangupcause of channel %s to %d (is %d now)\n",
478                         ast_channel_name(chan), causecode, ast_channel_hangupcause(chan));
479
480                 ast_channel_hangupcause_set(chan, causecode);
481         }
482
483         ast_softhangup_nolock(chan, AST_SOFTHANGUP_EXPLICIT);
484
485         ast_channel_unlock(chan);
486 }
487
488 static int ast_channel_softhangup_cb(void *obj, void *arg, int flags)
489 {
490         struct ast_channel *chan = obj;
491
492         ast_softhangup(chan, AST_SOFTHANGUP_SHUTDOWN);
493
494         return 0;
495 }
496
497 void ast_softhangup_all(void)
498 {
499         ao2_callback(channels, OBJ_NODATA | OBJ_MULTIPLE, ast_channel_softhangup_cb, NULL);
500 }
501
502 /*! \brief returns number of active/allocated channels */
503 int ast_active_channels(void)
504 {
505         return channels ? ao2_container_count(channels) : 0;
506 }
507
508 int ast_undestroyed_channels(void)
509 {
510         return ast_atomic_fetchadd_int(&chancount, 0);
511 }
512
513 /*! \brief Set when to hangup channel */
514 void ast_channel_setwhentohangup_tv(struct ast_channel *chan, struct timeval offset)
515 {
516         if (ast_tvzero(offset)) {
517                 ast_channel_whentohangup_set(chan, &offset);
518         } else {
519                 struct timeval tv = ast_tvadd(offset, ast_tvnow());
520                 ast_channel_whentohangup_set(chan, &tv);
521         }
522         ast_queue_frame(chan, &ast_null_frame);
523         return;
524 }
525
526 void ast_channel_setwhentohangup(struct ast_channel *chan, time_t offset)
527 {
528         struct timeval when = { offset, };
529         ast_channel_setwhentohangup_tv(chan, when);
530 }
531
532 /*! \brief Compare a offset with when to hangup channel */
533 int ast_channel_cmpwhentohangup_tv(struct ast_channel *chan, struct timeval offset)
534 {
535         struct timeval whentohangup;
536
537         if (ast_tvzero(*ast_channel_whentohangup(chan)))
538                 return ast_tvzero(offset) ? 0 : -1;
539
540         if (ast_tvzero(offset))
541                 return 1;
542
543         whentohangup = ast_tvadd(offset, ast_tvnow());
544
545         return ast_tvdiff_ms(whentohangup, *ast_channel_whentohangup(chan));
546 }
547
548 int ast_channel_cmpwhentohangup(struct ast_channel *chan, time_t offset)
549 {
550         struct timeval when = { offset, };
551         return ast_channel_cmpwhentohangup_tv(chan, when);
552 }
553
554 /*! \brief Register a new telephony channel in Asterisk */
555 int ast_channel_register(const struct ast_channel_tech *tech)
556 {
557         struct chanlist *chan;
558
559         AST_RWLIST_WRLOCK(&backends);
560
561         AST_RWLIST_TRAVERSE(&backends, chan, list) {
562                 if (!strcasecmp(tech->type, chan->tech->type)) {
563                         ast_log(LOG_WARNING, "Already have a handler for type '%s'\n", tech->type);
564                         AST_RWLIST_UNLOCK(&backends);
565                         return -1;
566                 }
567         }
568
569         if (!(chan = ast_calloc(1, sizeof(*chan)))) {
570                 AST_RWLIST_UNLOCK(&backends);
571                 return -1;
572         }
573         chan->tech = tech;
574         AST_RWLIST_INSERT_HEAD(&backends, chan, list);
575
576         ast_debug(1, "Registered handler for '%s' (%s)\n", chan->tech->type, chan->tech->description);
577
578         ast_verb(2, "Registered channel type '%s' (%s)\n", chan->tech->type, chan->tech->description);
579
580         AST_RWLIST_UNLOCK(&backends);
581
582         return 0;
583 }
584
585 /*! \brief Unregister channel driver */
586 void ast_channel_unregister(const struct ast_channel_tech *tech)
587 {
588         struct chanlist *chan;
589
590         ast_debug(1, "Unregistering channel type '%s'\n", tech->type);
591
592         AST_RWLIST_WRLOCK(&backends);
593
594         AST_RWLIST_TRAVERSE_SAFE_BEGIN(&backends, chan, list) {
595                 if (chan->tech == tech) {
596                         AST_LIST_REMOVE_CURRENT(list);
597                         ast_free(chan);
598                         ast_verb(2, "Unregistered channel type '%s'\n", tech->type);
599                         break;
600                 }
601         }
602         AST_LIST_TRAVERSE_SAFE_END;
603
604         AST_RWLIST_UNLOCK(&backends);
605 }
606
607 /*! \brief Get handle to channel driver based on name */
608 const struct ast_channel_tech *ast_get_channel_tech(const char *name)
609 {
610         struct chanlist *chanls;
611         const struct ast_channel_tech *ret = NULL;
612
613         AST_RWLIST_RDLOCK(&backends);
614
615         AST_RWLIST_TRAVERSE(&backends, chanls, list) {
616                 if (!strcasecmp(name, chanls->tech->type)) {
617                         ret = chanls->tech;
618                         break;
619                 }
620         }
621
622         AST_RWLIST_UNLOCK(&backends);
623
624         return ret;
625 }
626
627 /*! \brief Gives the string form of a given hangup cause */
628 const char *ast_cause2str(int cause)
629 {
630         int x;
631
632         for (x = 0; x < ARRAY_LEN(causes); x++) {
633                 if (causes[x].cause == cause)
634                         return causes[x].desc;
635         }
636
637         return "Unknown";
638 }
639
640 /*! \brief Convert a symbolic hangup cause to number */
641 int ast_str2cause(const char *name)
642 {
643         int x;
644
645         for (x = 0; x < ARRAY_LEN(causes); x++)
646                 if (!strncasecmp(causes[x].name, name, strlen(causes[x].name)))
647                         return causes[x].cause;
648
649         return -1;
650 }
651
652 static struct stasis_message *create_channel_snapshot_message(struct ast_channel *channel)
653 {
654         RAII_VAR(struct ast_channel_snapshot *, snapshot, NULL, ao2_cleanup);
655
656         if (!ast_channel_snapshot_type()) {
657                 return NULL;
658         }
659
660         ast_channel_lock(channel);
661         snapshot = ast_channel_snapshot_create(channel);
662         ast_channel_unlock(channel);
663         if (!snapshot) {
664                 return NULL;
665         }
666
667         return stasis_message_create(ast_channel_snapshot_type(), snapshot);
668 }
669
670 static void publish_cache_clear(struct ast_channel *chan)
671 {
672         RAII_VAR(struct stasis_message *, message, NULL, ao2_cleanup);
673         RAII_VAR(struct stasis_message *, clear_msg, NULL, ao2_cleanup);
674
675         clear_msg = create_channel_snapshot_message(chan);
676         if (!clear_msg) {
677                 return;
678         }
679
680         message = stasis_cache_clear_create(clear_msg);
681         stasis_publish(ast_channel_topic(chan), message);
682 }
683
684 /*! \brief Gives the string form of a given channel state.
685  *
686  * \note This function is not reentrant.
687  *
688  * \param state
689  */
690 const char *ast_state2str(enum ast_channel_state state)
691 {
692         char *buf;
693
694         switch (state) {
695         case AST_STATE_DOWN:
696                 return "Down";
697         case AST_STATE_RESERVED:
698                 return "Rsrvd";
699         case AST_STATE_OFFHOOK:
700                 return "OffHook";
701         case AST_STATE_DIALING:
702                 return "Dialing";
703         case AST_STATE_RING:
704                 return "Ring";
705         case AST_STATE_RINGING:
706                 return "Ringing";
707         case AST_STATE_UP:
708                 return "Up";
709         case AST_STATE_BUSY:
710                 return "Busy";
711         case AST_STATE_DIALING_OFFHOOK:
712                 return "Dialing Offhook";
713         case AST_STATE_PRERING:
714                 return "Pre-ring";
715         case AST_STATE_MUTE:
716                 return "Mute";
717         default:
718                 if (!(buf = ast_threadstorage_get(&state2str_threadbuf, STATE2STR_BUFSIZE)))
719                         return "Unknown";
720                 snprintf(buf, STATE2STR_BUFSIZE, "Unknown (%u)", state);
721                 return buf;
722         }
723 }
724
725 /*! \brief Gives the string form of a given transfer capability */
726 char *ast_transfercapability2str(int transfercapability)
727 {
728         switch (transfercapability) {
729         case AST_TRANS_CAP_SPEECH:
730                 return "SPEECH";
731         case AST_TRANS_CAP_DIGITAL:
732                 return "DIGITAL";
733         case AST_TRANS_CAP_RESTRICTED_DIGITAL:
734                 return "RESTRICTED_DIGITAL";
735         case AST_TRANS_CAP_3_1K_AUDIO:
736                 return "3K1AUDIO";
737         case AST_TRANS_CAP_DIGITAL_W_TONES:
738                 return "DIGITAL_W_TONES";
739         case AST_TRANS_CAP_VIDEO:
740                 return "VIDEO";
741         default:
742                 return "UNKNOWN";
743         }
744 }
745
746 /*! \brief Channel technology used to extract a channel from a running application. The
747  * channel created with this technology will be immediately hung up - most external
748  * applications won't ever want to see this.
749  */
750 static const struct ast_channel_tech surrogate_tech = {
751         .type = "Surrogate",
752         .description = "Surrogate channel used to pull channel from an application",
753         .properties = AST_CHAN_TP_INTERNAL,
754 };
755
756 static const struct ast_channel_tech null_tech = {
757         .type = "NULL",
758         .description = "Null channel (should not see this)",
759 };
760
761 static void ast_channel_destructor(void *obj);
762 static void ast_dummy_channel_destructor(void *obj);
763 static int ast_channel_by_uniqueid_cb(void *obj, void *arg, void *data, int flags);
764
765 static int does_id_conflict(const char *uniqueid)
766 {
767         struct ast_channel *conflict;
768         int length = 0;
769
770         if (ast_strlen_zero(uniqueid)) {
771                 return 0;
772         }
773
774         conflict = ast_channel_callback(ast_channel_by_uniqueid_cb, (char *) uniqueid, &length, OBJ_NOLOCK);
775         if (conflict) {
776                 ast_log(LOG_ERROR, "Channel Unique ID '%s' already in use by channel %s(%p)\n",
777                         uniqueid, ast_channel_name(conflict), conflict);
778                 ast_channel_unref(conflict);
779                 return 1;
780         }
781
782         return 0;
783 }
784
785 /*! \brief Create a new channel structure */
786 static struct ast_channel * attribute_malloc __attribute__((format(printf, 15, 0)))
787 __ast_channel_alloc_ap(int needqueue, int state, const char *cid_num, const char *cid_name,
788                        const char *acctcode, const char *exten, const char *context, const struct ast_assigned_ids *assignedids,
789                        const struct ast_channel *requestor, enum ama_flags amaflag, struct ast_endpoint *endpoint,
790                        const char *file, int line,
791                        const char *function, const char *name_fmt, va_list ap)
792 {
793         struct ast_channel *tmp;
794         struct varshead *headp;
795         char *tech = "", *tech2 = NULL;
796         struct ast_format_cap *nativeformats;
797         struct ast_sched_context *schedctx;
798         struct ast_timer *timer;
799         struct timeval now;
800         const struct ast_channel_tech *channel_tech;
801         struct ast_stream_topology *topology;
802
803         /* If shutting down, don't allocate any new channels */
804         if (ast_shutting_down()) {
805                 ast_log(LOG_WARNING, "Channel allocation failed: Refusing due to active shutdown\n");
806                 return NULL;
807         }
808
809         tmp = __ast_channel_internal_alloc(ast_channel_destructor, assignedids, requestor,
810                 file, line, function);
811         if (!tmp) {
812                 /* Channel structure allocation failure. */
813                 return NULL;
814         }
815
816         ast_channel_stage_snapshot(tmp);
817
818         if (!(nativeformats = ast_format_cap_alloc(AST_FORMAT_CAP_FLAG_DEFAULT))) {
819                 /*
820                  * Aborting the channel creation.  We do not need to complete staging
821                  * the channel snapshot because the channel has not been finalized or
822                  * linked into the channels container yet.  Nobody else knows about
823                  * this channel nor will anybody ever know about it.
824                  */
825                 return ast_channel_unref(tmp);
826         }
827         ast_format_cap_append(nativeformats, ast_format_none, 0);
828         ast_channel_nativeformats_set(tmp, nativeformats);
829         ao2_ref(nativeformats, -1);
830
831         ast_channel_set_rawwriteformat(tmp, ast_format_none);
832         ast_channel_set_rawreadformat(tmp, ast_format_none);
833         ast_channel_set_writeformat(tmp, ast_format_none);
834         ast_channel_set_readformat(tmp, ast_format_none);
835
836         /*
837          * Init file descriptors to unopened state so
838          * the destructor can know not to close them.
839          */
840         ast_channel_timingfd_set(tmp, -1);
841         ast_channel_internal_alertpipe_clear(tmp);
842         ast_channel_internal_fd_clear_all(tmp);
843
844         if (!(schedctx = ast_sched_context_create())) {
845                 ast_log(LOG_WARNING, "Channel allocation failed: Unable to create schedule context\n");
846                 /* See earlier channel creation abort comment above. */
847                 return ast_channel_unref(tmp);
848         }
849         ast_channel_sched_set(tmp, schedctx);
850
851         ast_party_dialed_init(ast_channel_dialed(tmp));
852         ast_party_caller_init(ast_channel_caller(tmp));
853         ast_party_connected_line_init(ast_channel_connected(tmp));
854         ast_party_connected_line_init(ast_channel_connected_indicated(tmp));
855         ast_party_redirecting_init(ast_channel_redirecting(tmp));
856
857         if (cid_name) {
858                 ast_channel_caller(tmp)->id.name.valid = 1;
859                 ast_channel_caller(tmp)->id.name.str = ast_strdup(cid_name);
860                 if (!ast_channel_caller(tmp)->id.name.str) {
861                         /* See earlier channel creation abort comment above. */
862                         return ast_channel_unref(tmp);
863                 }
864         }
865         if (cid_num) {
866                 ast_channel_caller(tmp)->id.number.valid = 1;
867                 ast_channel_caller(tmp)->id.number.str = ast_strdup(cid_num);
868                 if (!ast_channel_caller(tmp)->id.number.str) {
869                         /* See earlier channel creation abort comment above. */
870                         return ast_channel_unref(tmp);
871                 }
872         }
873
874         if ((timer = ast_timer_open())) {
875                 ast_channel_timer_set(tmp, timer);
876                 if (strcmp(ast_timer_get_name(ast_channel_timer(tmp)), "timerfd")) {
877                         needqueue = 0;
878                 }
879                 ast_channel_timingfd_set(tmp, ast_timer_fd(ast_channel_timer(tmp)));
880         }
881
882         if (needqueue && ast_channel_internal_alertpipe_init(tmp)) {
883                 /* See earlier channel creation abort comment above. */
884                 return ast_channel_unref(tmp);
885         }
886
887         if (!(topology = ast_stream_topology_alloc())) {
888                 return ast_channel_unref(tmp);
889         }
890         ast_channel_internal_set_stream_topology(tmp, topology);
891
892         /* Always watch the alertpipe */
893         ast_channel_set_fd(tmp, AST_ALERT_FD, ast_channel_internal_alert_readfd(tmp));
894         /* And timing pipe */
895         ast_channel_set_fd(tmp, AST_TIMING_FD, ast_channel_timingfd(tmp));
896
897         /* Initial state */
898         ast_channel_state_set(tmp, state);
899         ast_channel_hold_state_set(tmp, AST_CONTROL_UNHOLD);
900
901         ast_channel_streamid_set(tmp, -1);
902         ast_channel_vstreamid_set(tmp, -1);
903
904         ast_channel_fin_set(tmp, global_fin);
905         ast_channel_fout_set(tmp, global_fout);
906
907         now = ast_tvnow();
908         ast_channel_creationtime_set(tmp, &now);
909
910         ast_channel_internal_setup_topics(tmp);
911
912         if (!ast_strlen_zero(name_fmt)) {
913                 char *slash, *slash2;
914                 /* Almost every channel is calling this function, and setting the name via the ast_string_field_build() call.
915                  * And they all use slightly different formats for their name string.
916                  * This means, to set the name here, we have to accept variable args, and call the string_field_build from here.
917                  * This means, that the stringfields must have a routine that takes the va_lists directly, and
918                  * uses them to build the string, instead of forming the va_lists internally from the vararg ... list.
919                  * This new function was written so this can be accomplished.
920                  */
921                 ast_channel_name_build_va(tmp, name_fmt, ap);
922                 tech = ast_strdupa(ast_channel_name(tmp));
923                 if ((slash = strchr(tech, '/'))) {
924                         if ((slash2 = strchr(slash + 1, '/'))) {
925                                 tech2 = slash + 1;
926                                 *slash2 = '\0';
927                         }
928                         *slash = '\0';
929                 }
930         } else {
931                 /*
932                  * Start the string with '-' so it becomes an empty string
933                  * in the destructor.
934                  */
935                 ast_channel_name_set(tmp, "-**Unknown**");
936         }
937
938         if (amaflag != AST_AMA_NONE) {
939                 ast_channel_amaflags_set(tmp, amaflag);
940         } else {
941                 ast_channel_amaflags_set(tmp, DEFAULT_AMA_FLAGS);
942         }
943
944         if (!ast_strlen_zero(acctcode)) {
945                 ast_channel_accountcode_set(tmp, acctcode);
946         }
947         ast_channel_language_set(tmp, ast_defaultlanguage);
948
949         ast_channel_context_set(tmp, S_OR(context, "default"));
950         ast_channel_exten_set(tmp, S_OR(exten, "s"));
951         ast_channel_priority_set(tmp, 1);
952
953         headp = ast_channel_varshead(tmp);
954         AST_LIST_HEAD_INIT_NOLOCK(headp);
955
956         ast_pbx_hangup_handler_init(tmp);
957         AST_LIST_HEAD_INIT_NOLOCK(ast_channel_datastores(tmp));
958         AST_LIST_HEAD_INIT_NOLOCK(ast_channel_autochans(tmp));
959
960         channel_tech = ast_get_channel_tech(tech);
961         if (!channel_tech && !ast_strlen_zero(tech2)) {
962                 channel_tech = ast_get_channel_tech(tech2);
963         }
964         if (channel_tech) {
965                 ast_channel_tech_set(tmp, channel_tech);
966         } else {
967                 ast_channel_tech_set(tmp, &null_tech);
968         }
969
970         /* You might scream "locking inversion" at seeing this but it is actually perfectly fine.
971          * Since the channel was just created nothing can know about it yet or even acquire it.
972          */
973         ast_channel_lock(tmp);
974
975         ao2_lock(channels);
976
977         if (assignedids && (does_id_conflict(assignedids->uniqueid) || does_id_conflict(assignedids->uniqueid2))) {
978                 ast_channel_internal_errno_set(AST_CHANNEL_ERROR_ID_EXISTS);
979                 ao2_unlock(channels);
980                 ast_channel_unlock(tmp);
981                 /* See earlier channel creation abort comment above. */
982                 return ast_channel_unref(tmp);
983         }
984
985         /* Finalize and link into the channels container. */
986         ast_channel_internal_finalize(tmp);
987         ast_atomic_fetchadd_int(&chancount, +1);
988         ao2_link_flags(channels, tmp, OBJ_NOLOCK);
989
990         ao2_unlock(channels);
991
992         if (endpoint) {
993                 ast_endpoint_add_channel(endpoint, tmp);
994         }
995
996         /*
997          * And now, since the channel structure is built, and has its name, let
998          * the world know of its existance
999          */
1000         ast_channel_stage_snapshot_done(tmp);
1001         return tmp;
1002 }
1003
1004 struct ast_channel *__ast_channel_alloc(int needqueue, int state, const char *cid_num,
1005                                         const char *cid_name, const char *acctcode,
1006                                         const char *exten, const char *context, const struct ast_assigned_ids *assignedids,
1007                                         const struct ast_channel *requestor, enum ama_flags amaflag,
1008                                         struct ast_endpoint *endpoint,
1009                                         const char *file, int line, const char *function,
1010                                         const char *name_fmt, ...)
1011 {
1012         va_list ap;
1013         struct ast_channel *result;
1014
1015         va_start(ap, name_fmt);
1016         result = __ast_channel_alloc_ap(needqueue, state, cid_num, cid_name, acctcode, exten, context,
1017                                         assignedids, requestor, amaflag, endpoint, file, line, function, name_fmt, ap);
1018         va_end(ap);
1019
1020         return result;
1021 }
1022
1023 /* only do the minimum amount of work needed here to make a channel
1024  * structure that can be used to expand channel vars */
1025 struct ast_channel *__ast_dummy_channel_alloc(const char *file, int line, const char *function)
1026 {
1027         struct ast_channel *tmp;
1028         struct varshead *headp;
1029
1030         tmp = __ast_channel_internal_alloc(ast_dummy_channel_destructor, NULL, NULL,
1031                 file, line, function);
1032         if (!tmp) {
1033                 /* Dummy channel structure allocation failure. */
1034                 return NULL;
1035         }
1036
1037         ast_pbx_hangup_handler_init(tmp);
1038         AST_LIST_HEAD_INIT_NOLOCK(ast_channel_datastores(tmp));
1039
1040         /*
1041          * Init file descriptors to unopened state just in case
1042          * autoservice is called on the channel or something tries to
1043          * read a frame from it.
1044          */
1045         ast_channel_timingfd_set(tmp, -1);
1046         ast_channel_internal_alertpipe_clear(tmp);
1047         ast_channel_internal_fd_clear_all(tmp);
1048
1049         ast_channel_hold_state_set(tmp, AST_CONTROL_UNHOLD);
1050
1051         ast_channel_internal_setup_topics(tmp);
1052
1053         headp = ast_channel_varshead(tmp);
1054         AST_LIST_HEAD_INIT_NOLOCK(headp);
1055
1056         return tmp;
1057 }
1058
1059 static int __ast_queue_frame(struct ast_channel *chan, struct ast_frame *fin, int head, struct ast_frame *after)
1060 {
1061         struct ast_frame *f;
1062         struct ast_frame *cur;
1063         unsigned int new_frames = 0;
1064         unsigned int new_voice_frames = 0;
1065         unsigned int queued_frames = 0;
1066         unsigned int queued_voice_frames = 0;
1067         AST_LIST_HEAD_NOLOCK(,ast_frame) frames;
1068
1069         ast_channel_lock(chan);
1070
1071         /*
1072          * Check the last frame on the queue if we are queuing the new
1073          * frames after it.
1074          */
1075         cur = AST_LIST_LAST(ast_channel_readq(chan));
1076         if (cur && cur->frametype == AST_FRAME_CONTROL && !head && (!after || after == cur)) {
1077                 switch (cur->subclass.integer) {
1078                 case AST_CONTROL_END_OF_Q:
1079                         if (fin->frametype == AST_FRAME_CONTROL
1080                                 && fin->subclass.integer == AST_CONTROL_HANGUP) {
1081                                 /*
1082                                  * Destroy the end-of-Q marker frame so we can queue the hangup
1083                                  * frame in its place.
1084                                  */
1085                                 AST_LIST_REMOVE(ast_channel_readq(chan), cur, frame_list);
1086                                 ast_frfree(cur);
1087
1088                                 /*
1089                                  * This has degenerated to a normal queue append anyway.  Since
1090                                  * we just destroyed the last frame in the queue we must make
1091                                  * sure that "after" is NULL or bad things will happen.
1092                                  */
1093                                 after = NULL;
1094                                 break;
1095                         }
1096                         /* Fall through */
1097                 case AST_CONTROL_HANGUP:
1098                         /* Don't queue anything. */
1099                         ast_channel_unlock(chan);
1100                         return 0;
1101                 default:
1102                         break;
1103                 }
1104         }
1105
1106         /* Build copies of all the new frames and count them */
1107         AST_LIST_HEAD_INIT_NOLOCK(&frames);
1108         for (cur = fin; cur; cur = AST_LIST_NEXT(cur, frame_list)) {
1109                 if (!(f = ast_frdup(cur))) {
1110                         if (AST_LIST_FIRST(&frames)) {
1111                                 ast_frfree(AST_LIST_FIRST(&frames));
1112                         }
1113                         ast_channel_unlock(chan);
1114                         return -1;
1115                 }
1116
1117                 AST_LIST_INSERT_TAIL(&frames, f, frame_list);
1118                 new_frames++;
1119                 if (f->frametype == AST_FRAME_VOICE) {
1120                         new_voice_frames++;
1121                 }
1122         }
1123
1124         /* Count how many frames exist on the queue */
1125         AST_LIST_TRAVERSE(ast_channel_readq(chan), cur, frame_list) {
1126                 queued_frames++;
1127                 if (cur->frametype == AST_FRAME_VOICE) {
1128                         queued_voice_frames++;
1129                 }
1130         }
1131
1132         if ((queued_frames + new_frames > 128 || queued_voice_frames + new_voice_frames > 96)) {
1133                 int count = 0;
1134                 ast_log(LOG_WARNING, "Exceptionally long %squeue length queuing to %s\n", queued_frames + new_frames > 128 ? "" : "voice ", ast_channel_name(chan));
1135                 AST_LIST_TRAVERSE_SAFE_BEGIN(ast_channel_readq(chan), cur, frame_list) {
1136                         /* Save the most recent frame */
1137                         if (!AST_LIST_NEXT(cur, frame_list)) {
1138                                 break;
1139                         } else if (cur->frametype == AST_FRAME_VOICE || cur->frametype == AST_FRAME_VIDEO || cur->frametype == AST_FRAME_NULL) {
1140                                 if (++count > 64) {
1141                                         break;
1142                                 }
1143                                 AST_LIST_REMOVE_CURRENT(frame_list);
1144                                 ast_frfree(cur);
1145
1146                                 /* Read from the alert pipe for each flushed frame. */
1147                                 ast_channel_internal_alert_read(chan);
1148                         }
1149                 }
1150                 AST_LIST_TRAVERSE_SAFE_END;
1151         }
1152
1153         if (after) {
1154                 AST_LIST_INSERT_LIST_AFTER(ast_channel_readq(chan), &frames, after, frame_list);
1155         } else {
1156                 if (head) {
1157                         AST_LIST_APPEND_LIST(&frames, ast_channel_readq(chan), frame_list);
1158                         AST_LIST_HEAD_INIT_NOLOCK(ast_channel_readq(chan));
1159                 }
1160                 AST_LIST_APPEND_LIST(ast_channel_readq(chan), &frames, frame_list);
1161         }
1162
1163         if (ast_channel_alert_writable(chan)) {
1164                 /* Write to the alert pipe for each added frame */
1165                 while (new_frames--) {
1166                         if (ast_channel_alert_write(chan)) {
1167                                 ast_log(LOG_WARNING, "Unable to write to alert pipe on %s (qlen = %u): %s!\n",
1168                                         ast_channel_name(chan), queued_frames, strerror(errno));
1169                                 break;
1170                         }
1171                 }
1172         } else if (ast_channel_timingfd(chan) > -1) {
1173                 ast_timer_enable_continuous(ast_channel_timer(chan));
1174         } else if (ast_test_flag(ast_channel_flags(chan), AST_FLAG_BLOCKING)) {
1175                 pthread_kill(ast_channel_blocker(chan), SIGURG);
1176         }
1177
1178         ast_channel_unlock(chan);
1179
1180         return 0;
1181 }
1182
1183 int ast_queue_frame(struct ast_channel *chan, struct ast_frame *fin)
1184 {
1185         return __ast_queue_frame(chan, fin, 0, NULL);
1186 }
1187
1188 int ast_queue_frame_head(struct ast_channel *chan, struct ast_frame *fin)
1189 {
1190         return __ast_queue_frame(chan, fin, 1, NULL);
1191 }
1192
1193 /*! \brief Queue a hangup frame for channel */
1194 int ast_queue_hangup(struct ast_channel *chan)
1195 {
1196         struct ast_frame f = { AST_FRAME_CONTROL, .subclass.integer = AST_CONTROL_HANGUP };
1197         int res;
1198
1199         /* Yeah, let's not change a lock-critical value without locking */
1200         ast_channel_lock(chan);
1201         ast_channel_softhangup_internal_flag_add(chan, AST_SOFTHANGUP_DEV);
1202         ast_channel_publish_blob(chan, ast_channel_hangup_request_type(), NULL);
1203
1204         res = ast_queue_frame(chan, &f);
1205         ast_channel_unlock(chan);
1206         return res;
1207 }
1208
1209 /*! \brief Queue a hangup frame for channel */
1210 int ast_queue_hangup_with_cause(struct ast_channel *chan, int cause)
1211 {
1212         RAII_VAR(struct ast_json *, blob, NULL, ast_json_unref);
1213         struct ast_frame f = { AST_FRAME_CONTROL, .subclass.integer = AST_CONTROL_HANGUP };
1214         int res;
1215
1216         if (cause >= 0) {
1217                 f.data.uint32 = cause;
1218         }
1219
1220         /* Yeah, let's not change a lock-critical value without locking */
1221         ast_channel_lock(chan);
1222         ast_channel_softhangup_internal_flag_add(chan, AST_SOFTHANGUP_DEV);
1223         if (cause < 0) {
1224                 f.data.uint32 = ast_channel_hangupcause(chan);
1225         }
1226         blob = ast_json_pack("{s: i}",
1227                              "cause", cause);
1228         ast_channel_publish_blob(chan, ast_channel_hangup_request_type(), blob);
1229
1230         res = ast_queue_frame(chan, &f);
1231         ast_channel_unlock(chan);
1232         return res;
1233 }
1234
1235 int ast_queue_hold(struct ast_channel *chan, const char *musicclass)
1236 {
1237         struct ast_frame f = { AST_FRAME_CONTROL, .subclass.integer = AST_CONTROL_HOLD };
1238         struct ast_json *blob = NULL;
1239         int res;
1240
1241         if (!ast_strlen_zero(musicclass)) {
1242                 f.data.ptr = (void *) musicclass;
1243                 f.datalen = strlen(musicclass) + 1;
1244
1245                 blob = ast_json_pack("{s: s}",
1246                                      "musicclass", musicclass);
1247         }
1248
1249         ast_channel_publish_cached_blob(chan, ast_channel_hold_type(), blob);
1250
1251         res = ast_queue_frame(chan, &f);
1252
1253         ast_json_unref(blob);
1254
1255         return res;
1256 }
1257
1258 int ast_queue_unhold(struct ast_channel *chan)
1259 {
1260         struct ast_frame f = { AST_FRAME_CONTROL, .subclass.integer = AST_CONTROL_UNHOLD };
1261         int res;
1262
1263         ast_channel_publish_cached_blob(chan, ast_channel_unhold_type(), NULL);
1264
1265         res = ast_queue_frame(chan, &f);
1266
1267         return res;
1268 }
1269
1270 /*! \brief Queue a control frame */
1271 int ast_queue_control(struct ast_channel *chan, enum ast_control_frame_type control)
1272 {
1273         struct ast_frame f = { AST_FRAME_CONTROL, .subclass.integer = control };
1274         return ast_queue_frame(chan, &f);
1275 }
1276
1277 /*! \brief Queue a control frame with payload */
1278 int ast_queue_control_data(struct ast_channel *chan, enum ast_control_frame_type control,
1279                            const void *data, size_t datalen)
1280 {
1281         struct ast_frame f = { AST_FRAME_CONTROL, .subclass.integer = control, .data.ptr = (void *) data, .datalen = datalen };
1282         return ast_queue_frame(chan, &f);
1283 }
1284
1285 /*! \brief Set defer DTMF flag on channel */
1286 int ast_channel_defer_dtmf(struct ast_channel *chan)
1287 {
1288         int pre = 0;
1289
1290         if (chan) {
1291                 ast_channel_lock(chan);
1292                 pre = ast_test_flag(ast_channel_flags(chan), AST_FLAG_DEFER_DTMF);
1293                 ast_set_flag(ast_channel_flags(chan), AST_FLAG_DEFER_DTMF);
1294                 ast_channel_unlock(chan);
1295         }
1296         return pre;
1297 }
1298
1299 /*! \brief Unset defer DTMF flag on channel */
1300 void ast_channel_undefer_dtmf(struct ast_channel *chan)
1301 {
1302         if (chan) {
1303                 ast_channel_clear_flag(chan, AST_FLAG_DEFER_DTMF);
1304         }
1305 }
1306
1307 struct ast_channel *ast_channel_callback(ao2_callback_data_fn *cb_fn, void *arg,
1308                 void *data, int ao2_flags)
1309 {
1310         return ao2_callback_data(channels, ao2_flags, cb_fn, arg, data);
1311 }
1312
1313 static int ast_channel_by_name_cb(void *obj, void *arg, void *data, int flags)
1314 {
1315         struct ast_channel *chan = obj;
1316         const char *name = arg;
1317         size_t name_len = *(size_t *) data;
1318         int ret = CMP_MATCH;
1319
1320         if (ast_strlen_zero(name)) {
1321                 ast_log(LOG_ERROR, "BUG! Must supply a channel name or partial name to match!\n");
1322                 return CMP_STOP;
1323         }
1324
1325         ast_channel_lock(chan);
1326         if ((!name_len && strcasecmp(ast_channel_name(chan), name))
1327                 || (name_len && strncasecmp(ast_channel_name(chan), name, name_len))) {
1328                 ret = 0; /* name match failed, keep looking */
1329         }
1330         ast_channel_unlock(chan);
1331
1332         return ret;
1333 }
1334
1335 static int ast_channel_by_exten_cb(void *obj, void *arg, void *data, int flags)
1336 {
1337         struct ast_channel *chan = obj;
1338         char *context = arg;
1339         char *exten = data;
1340         int ret = CMP_MATCH;
1341
1342         if (ast_strlen_zero(exten) || ast_strlen_zero(context)) {
1343                 ast_log(LOG_ERROR, "BUG! Must have a context and extension to match!\n");
1344                 return CMP_STOP;
1345         }
1346
1347         ast_channel_lock(chan);
1348         if (strcasecmp(ast_channel_context(chan), context) && strcasecmp(ast_channel_macrocontext(chan), context)) {
1349                 ret = 0; /* Context match failed, continue */
1350         } else if (strcasecmp(ast_channel_exten(chan), exten) && strcasecmp(ast_channel_macroexten(chan), exten)) {
1351                 ret = 0; /* Extension match failed, continue */
1352         }
1353         ast_channel_unlock(chan);
1354
1355         return ret;
1356 }
1357
1358 static int ast_channel_by_uniqueid_cb(void *obj, void *arg, void *data, int flags)
1359 {
1360         struct ast_channel *chan = obj;
1361         char *uniqueid = arg;
1362         size_t id_len = *(size_t *) data;
1363         int ret = CMP_MATCH;
1364
1365         if (ast_strlen_zero(uniqueid)) {
1366                 ast_log(LOG_ERROR, "BUG! Must supply a uniqueid or partial uniqueid to match!\n");
1367                 return CMP_STOP;
1368         }
1369
1370         ast_channel_lock(chan);
1371         if ((!id_len && strcasecmp(ast_channel_uniqueid(chan), uniqueid))
1372                 || (id_len && strncasecmp(ast_channel_uniqueid(chan), uniqueid, id_len))) {
1373                 ret = 0; /* uniqueid match failed, keep looking */
1374         }
1375         ast_channel_unlock(chan);
1376
1377         return ret;
1378 }
1379
1380 struct ast_channel_iterator {
1381         /* storage for non-dynamically allocated iterator */
1382         struct ao2_iterator simple_iterator;
1383         /* pointer to the actual iterator (simple_iterator or a dynamically
1384          * allocated iterator)
1385          */
1386         struct ao2_iterator *active_iterator;
1387 };
1388
1389 struct ast_channel_iterator *ast_channel_iterator_destroy(struct ast_channel_iterator *i)
1390 {
1391         ao2_iterator_destroy(i->active_iterator);
1392         ast_free(i);
1393
1394         return NULL;
1395 }
1396
1397 struct ast_channel_iterator *ast_channel_iterator_by_exten_new(const char *exten, const char *context)
1398 {
1399         struct ast_channel_iterator *i;
1400         char *l_exten = (char *) exten;
1401         char *l_context = (char *) context;
1402
1403         if (!(i = ast_calloc(1, sizeof(*i)))) {
1404                 return NULL;
1405         }
1406
1407         i->active_iterator = (void *) ast_channel_callback(ast_channel_by_exten_cb,
1408                 l_context, l_exten, OBJ_MULTIPLE);
1409         if (!i->active_iterator) {
1410                 ast_free(i);
1411                 return NULL;
1412         }
1413
1414         return i;
1415 }
1416
1417 struct ast_channel_iterator *ast_channel_iterator_by_name_new(const char *name, size_t name_len)
1418 {
1419         struct ast_channel_iterator *i;
1420         char *l_name = (char *) name;
1421
1422         if (!(i = ast_calloc(1, sizeof(*i)))) {
1423                 return NULL;
1424         }
1425
1426         i->active_iterator = (void *) ast_channel_callback(ast_channel_by_name_cb,
1427                 l_name, &name_len,
1428                 OBJ_MULTIPLE | (name_len == 0 /* match the whole word, so optimize */ ? OBJ_KEY : 0));
1429         if (!i->active_iterator) {
1430                 ast_free(i);
1431                 return NULL;
1432         }
1433
1434         return i;
1435 }
1436
1437 struct ast_channel_iterator *ast_channel_iterator_all_new(void)
1438 {
1439         struct ast_channel_iterator *i;
1440
1441         if (!(i = ast_calloc(1, sizeof(*i)))) {
1442                 return NULL;
1443         }
1444
1445         i->simple_iterator = ao2_iterator_init(channels, 0);
1446         i->active_iterator = &i->simple_iterator;
1447
1448         return i;
1449 }
1450
1451 struct ast_channel *ast_channel_iterator_next(struct ast_channel_iterator *i)
1452 {
1453         return ao2_iterator_next(i->active_iterator);
1454 }
1455
1456 /* Legacy function, not currently used for lookups, but we need a cmp_fn */
1457 static int ast_channel_cmp_cb(void *obj, void *arg, int flags)
1458 {
1459         ast_log(LOG_ERROR, "BUG! Should never be called!\n");
1460         return CMP_STOP;
1461 }
1462
1463 struct ast_channel *ast_channel_get_by_name_prefix(const char *name, size_t name_len)
1464 {
1465         struct ast_channel *chan;
1466         char *l_name = (char *) name;
1467
1468         chan = ast_channel_callback(ast_channel_by_name_cb, l_name, &name_len,
1469                 (name_len == 0) /* optimize if it is a complete name match */ ? OBJ_KEY : 0);
1470         if (chan) {
1471                 return chan;
1472         }
1473
1474         if (ast_strlen_zero(l_name)) {
1475                 /* We didn't have a name to search for so quit. */
1476                 return NULL;
1477         }
1478
1479         /* Now try a search for uniqueid. */
1480         return ast_channel_callback(ast_channel_by_uniqueid_cb, l_name, &name_len, 0);
1481 }
1482
1483 struct ast_channel *ast_channel_get_by_name(const char *name)
1484 {
1485         return ast_channel_get_by_name_prefix(name, 0);
1486 }
1487
1488 struct ast_channel *ast_channel_get_by_exten(const char *exten, const char *context)
1489 {
1490         char *l_exten = (char *) exten;
1491         char *l_context = (char *) context;
1492
1493         return ast_channel_callback(ast_channel_by_exten_cb, l_context, l_exten, 0);
1494 }
1495
1496 int ast_is_deferrable_frame(const struct ast_frame *frame)
1497 {
1498         /* Do not add a default entry in this switch statement.  Each new
1499          * frame type should be addressed directly as to whether it should
1500          * be queued up or not.
1501          */
1502         switch (frame->frametype) {
1503         case AST_FRAME_BRIDGE_ACTION:
1504         case AST_FRAME_BRIDGE_ACTION_SYNC:
1505         case AST_FRAME_CONTROL:
1506         case AST_FRAME_TEXT:
1507         case AST_FRAME_IMAGE:
1508         case AST_FRAME_HTML:
1509                 return 1;
1510
1511         case AST_FRAME_DTMF_END:
1512         case AST_FRAME_DTMF_BEGIN:
1513         case AST_FRAME_VOICE:
1514         case AST_FRAME_VIDEO:
1515         case AST_FRAME_NULL:
1516         case AST_FRAME_IAX:
1517         case AST_FRAME_CNG:
1518         case AST_FRAME_MODEM:
1519         case AST_FRAME_RTCP:
1520                 return 0;
1521         }
1522         return 0;
1523 }
1524
1525 /*! \brief Wait, look for hangups and condition arg */
1526 int ast_safe_sleep_conditional(struct ast_channel *chan, int timeout_ms, int (*cond)(void*), void *data)
1527 {
1528         struct ast_frame *f;
1529         struct ast_silence_generator *silgen = NULL;
1530         int res = 0;
1531         struct timeval start;
1532         int ms;
1533         AST_LIST_HEAD_NOLOCK(, ast_frame) deferred_frames;
1534
1535         AST_LIST_HEAD_INIT_NOLOCK(&deferred_frames);
1536
1537         /* If no other generator is present, start silencegen while waiting */
1538         if (ast_opt_transmit_silence && !ast_channel_generatordata(chan)) {
1539                 silgen = ast_channel_start_silence_generator(chan);
1540         }
1541
1542         start = ast_tvnow();
1543         while ((ms = ast_remaining_ms(start, timeout_ms))) {
1544                 struct ast_frame *dup_f = NULL;
1545
1546                 if (cond && ((*cond)(data) == 0)) {
1547                         break;
1548                 }
1549                 ms = ast_waitfor(chan, ms);
1550                 if (ms < 0) {
1551                         res = -1;
1552                         break;
1553                 }
1554                 if (ms > 0) {
1555                         f = ast_read(chan);
1556                         if (!f) {
1557                                 res = -1;
1558                                 break;
1559                         }
1560
1561                         if (!ast_is_deferrable_frame(f)) {
1562                                 ast_frfree(f);
1563                                 continue;
1564                         }
1565
1566                         if ((dup_f = ast_frisolate(f))) {
1567                                 if (dup_f != f) {
1568                                         ast_frfree(f);
1569                                 }
1570                                 AST_LIST_INSERT_HEAD(&deferred_frames, dup_f, frame_list);
1571                         }
1572                 }
1573         }
1574
1575         /* stop silgen if present */
1576         if (silgen) {
1577                 ast_channel_stop_silence_generator(chan, silgen);
1578         }
1579
1580         /* We need to free all the deferred frames, but we only need to
1581          * queue the deferred frames if there was no error and no
1582          * hangup was received
1583          */
1584         ast_channel_lock(chan);
1585         while ((f = AST_LIST_REMOVE_HEAD(&deferred_frames, frame_list))) {
1586                 if (!res) {
1587                         ast_queue_frame_head(chan, f);
1588                 }
1589                 ast_frfree(f);
1590         }
1591         ast_channel_unlock(chan);
1592
1593         return res;
1594 }
1595
1596 /*! \brief Wait, look for hangups */
1597 int ast_safe_sleep(struct ast_channel *chan, int ms)
1598 {
1599         return ast_safe_sleep_conditional(chan, ms, NULL, NULL);
1600 }
1601
1602 struct ast_channel *ast_channel_release(struct ast_channel *chan)
1603 {
1604         /* Safe, even if already unlinked. */
1605         ao2_unlink(channels, chan);
1606         return ast_channel_unref(chan);
1607 }
1608
1609 void ast_party_name_init(struct ast_party_name *init)
1610 {
1611         init->str = NULL;
1612         init->char_set = AST_PARTY_CHAR_SET_ISO8859_1;
1613         init->presentation = AST_PRES_ALLOWED_USER_NUMBER_NOT_SCREENED;
1614         init->valid = 0;
1615 }
1616
1617 void ast_party_name_copy(struct ast_party_name *dest, const struct ast_party_name *src)
1618 {
1619         if (dest == src) {
1620                 /* Don't copy to self */
1621                 return;
1622         }
1623
1624         ast_free(dest->str);
1625         dest->str = ast_strdup(src->str);
1626         dest->char_set = src->char_set;
1627         dest->presentation = src->presentation;
1628         dest->valid = src->valid;
1629 }
1630
1631 void ast_party_name_set_init(struct ast_party_name *init, const struct ast_party_name *guide)
1632 {
1633         init->str = NULL;
1634         init->char_set = guide->char_set;
1635         init->presentation = guide->presentation;
1636         init->valid = guide->valid;
1637 }
1638
1639 void ast_party_name_set(struct ast_party_name *dest, const struct ast_party_name *src)
1640 {
1641         if (dest == src) {
1642                 /* Don't set to self */
1643                 return;
1644         }
1645
1646         if (src->str && src->str != dest->str) {
1647                 ast_free(dest->str);
1648                 dest->str = ast_strdup(src->str);
1649         }
1650
1651         dest->char_set = src->char_set;
1652         dest->presentation = src->presentation;
1653         dest->valid = src->valid;
1654 }
1655
1656 void ast_party_name_free(struct ast_party_name *doomed)
1657 {
1658         ast_free(doomed->str);
1659         doomed->str = NULL;
1660 }
1661
1662 void ast_party_number_init(struct ast_party_number *init)
1663 {
1664         init->str = NULL;
1665         init->plan = 0;/* Unknown */
1666         init->presentation = AST_PRES_ALLOWED_USER_NUMBER_NOT_SCREENED;
1667         init->valid = 0;
1668 }
1669
1670 void ast_party_number_copy(struct ast_party_number *dest, const struct ast_party_number *src)
1671 {
1672         if (dest == src) {
1673                 /* Don't copy to self */
1674                 return;
1675         }
1676
1677         ast_free(dest->str);
1678         dest->str = ast_strdup(src->str);
1679         dest->plan = src->plan;
1680         dest->presentation = src->presentation;
1681         dest->valid = src->valid;
1682 }
1683
1684 void ast_party_number_set_init(struct ast_party_number *init, const struct ast_party_number *guide)
1685 {
1686         init->str = NULL;
1687         init->plan = guide->plan;
1688         init->presentation = guide->presentation;
1689         init->valid = guide->valid;
1690 }
1691
1692 void ast_party_number_set(struct ast_party_number *dest, const struct ast_party_number *src)
1693 {
1694         if (dest == src) {
1695                 /* Don't set to self */
1696                 return;
1697         }
1698
1699         if (src->str && src->str != dest->str) {
1700                 ast_free(dest->str);
1701                 dest->str = ast_strdup(src->str);
1702         }
1703
1704         dest->plan = src->plan;
1705         dest->presentation = src->presentation;
1706         dest->valid = src->valid;
1707 }
1708
1709 void ast_party_number_free(struct ast_party_number *doomed)
1710 {
1711         ast_free(doomed->str);
1712         doomed->str = NULL;
1713 }
1714
1715 void ast_party_subaddress_init(struct ast_party_subaddress *init)
1716 {
1717         init->str = NULL;
1718         init->type = 0;
1719         init->odd_even_indicator = 0;
1720         init->valid = 0;
1721 }
1722
1723 void ast_party_subaddress_copy(struct ast_party_subaddress *dest, const struct ast_party_subaddress *src)
1724 {
1725         if (dest == src) {
1726                 /* Don't copy to self */
1727                 return;
1728         }
1729
1730         ast_free(dest->str);
1731         dest->str = ast_strdup(src->str);
1732         dest->type = src->type;
1733         dest->odd_even_indicator = src->odd_even_indicator;
1734         dest->valid = src->valid;
1735 }
1736
1737 void ast_party_subaddress_set_init(struct ast_party_subaddress *init, const struct ast_party_subaddress *guide)
1738 {
1739         init->str = NULL;
1740         init->type = guide->type;
1741         init->odd_even_indicator = guide->odd_even_indicator;
1742         init->valid = guide->valid;
1743 }
1744
1745 void ast_party_subaddress_set(struct ast_party_subaddress *dest, const struct ast_party_subaddress *src)
1746 {
1747         if (dest == src) {
1748                 /* Don't set to self */
1749                 return;
1750         }
1751
1752         if (src->str && src->str != dest->str) {
1753                 ast_free(dest->str);
1754                 dest->str = ast_strdup(src->str);
1755         }
1756
1757         dest->type = src->type;
1758         dest->odd_even_indicator = src->odd_even_indicator;
1759         dest->valid = src->valid;
1760 }
1761
1762 void ast_party_subaddress_free(struct ast_party_subaddress *doomed)
1763 {
1764         ast_free(doomed->str);
1765         doomed->str = NULL;
1766 }
1767
1768 void ast_set_party_id_all(struct ast_set_party_id *update_id)
1769 {
1770         update_id->name = 1;
1771         update_id->number = 1;
1772         update_id->subaddress = 1;
1773 }
1774
1775 void ast_party_id_init(struct ast_party_id *init)
1776 {
1777         ast_party_name_init(&init->name);
1778         ast_party_number_init(&init->number);
1779         ast_party_subaddress_init(&init->subaddress);
1780         init->tag = NULL;
1781 }
1782
1783 void ast_party_id_copy(struct ast_party_id *dest, const struct ast_party_id *src)
1784 {
1785         if (dest == src) {
1786                 /* Don't copy to self */
1787                 return;
1788         }
1789
1790         ast_party_name_copy(&dest->name, &src->name);
1791         ast_party_number_copy(&dest->number, &src->number);
1792         ast_party_subaddress_copy(&dest->subaddress, &src->subaddress);
1793
1794         ast_free(dest->tag);
1795         dest->tag = ast_strdup(src->tag);
1796 }
1797
1798 void ast_party_id_set_init(struct ast_party_id *init, const struct ast_party_id *guide)
1799 {
1800         ast_party_name_set_init(&init->name, &guide->name);
1801         ast_party_number_set_init(&init->number, &guide->number);
1802         ast_party_subaddress_set_init(&init->subaddress, &guide->subaddress);
1803         init->tag = NULL;
1804 }
1805
1806 void ast_party_id_set(struct ast_party_id *dest, const struct ast_party_id *src, const struct ast_set_party_id *update)
1807 {
1808         if (dest == src) {
1809                 /* Don't set to self */
1810                 return;
1811         }
1812
1813         if (!update || update->name) {
1814                 ast_party_name_set(&dest->name, &src->name);
1815         }
1816         if (!update || update->number) {
1817                 ast_party_number_set(&dest->number, &src->number);
1818         }
1819         if (!update || update->subaddress) {
1820                 ast_party_subaddress_set(&dest->subaddress, &src->subaddress);
1821         }
1822
1823         if (src->tag && src->tag != dest->tag) {
1824                 ast_free(dest->tag);
1825                 dest->tag = ast_strdup(src->tag);
1826         }
1827 }
1828
1829 void ast_party_id_free(struct ast_party_id *doomed)
1830 {
1831         ast_party_name_free(&doomed->name);
1832         ast_party_number_free(&doomed->number);
1833         ast_party_subaddress_free(&doomed->subaddress);
1834
1835         ast_free(doomed->tag);
1836         doomed->tag = NULL;
1837 }
1838
1839 int ast_party_id_presentation(const struct ast_party_id *id)
1840 {
1841         int number_priority;
1842         int number_value;
1843         int number_screening;
1844         int name_priority;
1845         int name_value;
1846
1847         /* Determine name presentation priority. */
1848         if (!id->name.valid) {
1849                 name_value = AST_PRES_UNAVAILABLE;
1850                 name_priority = 3;
1851         } else {
1852                 name_value = id->name.presentation & AST_PRES_RESTRICTION;
1853                 switch (name_value) {
1854                 case AST_PRES_RESTRICTED:
1855                         name_priority = 0;
1856                         break;
1857                 case AST_PRES_ALLOWED:
1858                         name_priority = 1;
1859                         break;
1860                 case AST_PRES_UNAVAILABLE:
1861                         name_priority = 2;
1862                         break;
1863                 default:
1864                         name_value = AST_PRES_UNAVAILABLE;
1865                         name_priority = 3;
1866                         break;
1867                 }
1868         }
1869
1870         /* Determine number presentation priority. */
1871         if (!id->number.valid) {
1872                 number_screening = AST_PRES_USER_NUMBER_UNSCREENED;
1873                 number_value = AST_PRES_UNAVAILABLE;
1874                 number_priority = 3;
1875         } else {
1876                 number_screening = id->number.presentation & AST_PRES_NUMBER_TYPE;
1877                 number_value = id->number.presentation & AST_PRES_RESTRICTION;
1878                 switch (number_value) {
1879                 case AST_PRES_RESTRICTED:
1880                         number_priority = 0;
1881                         break;
1882                 case AST_PRES_ALLOWED:
1883                         number_priority = 1;
1884                         break;
1885                 case AST_PRES_UNAVAILABLE:
1886                         number_priority = 2;
1887                         break;
1888                 default:
1889                         number_screening = AST_PRES_USER_NUMBER_UNSCREENED;
1890                         number_value = AST_PRES_UNAVAILABLE;
1891                         number_priority = 3;
1892                         break;
1893                 }
1894         }
1895
1896         /* Select the wining presentation value. */
1897         if (name_priority < number_priority) {
1898                 number_value = name_value;
1899         }
1900         if (number_value == AST_PRES_UNAVAILABLE) {
1901                 return AST_PRES_NUMBER_NOT_AVAILABLE;
1902         }
1903
1904         return number_value | number_screening;
1905 }
1906
1907 void ast_party_id_invalidate(struct ast_party_id *id)
1908 {
1909         id->name.valid = 0;
1910         id->number.valid = 0;
1911         id->subaddress.valid = 0;
1912 }
1913
1914 void ast_party_id_reset(struct ast_party_id *id)
1915 {
1916         ast_party_id_free(id);
1917         ast_party_id_init(id);
1918 }
1919
1920 struct ast_party_id ast_party_id_merge(struct ast_party_id *base, struct ast_party_id *overlay)
1921 {
1922         struct ast_party_id merged;
1923
1924         merged = *base;
1925         if (overlay->name.valid) {
1926                 merged.name = overlay->name;
1927         }
1928         if (overlay->number.valid) {
1929                 merged.number = overlay->number;
1930         }
1931         if (overlay->subaddress.valid) {
1932                 merged.subaddress = overlay->subaddress;
1933         }
1934         /* Note the actual structure is returned and not a pointer to it! */
1935         return merged;
1936 }
1937
1938 void ast_party_id_merge_copy(struct ast_party_id *dest, struct ast_party_id *base, struct ast_party_id *overlay)
1939 {
1940         struct ast_party_id merged;
1941
1942         merged = ast_party_id_merge(base, overlay);
1943         ast_party_id_copy(dest, &merged);
1944 }
1945
1946 void ast_party_dialed_init(struct ast_party_dialed *init)
1947 {
1948         init->number.str = NULL;
1949         init->number.plan = 0;/* Unknown */
1950         ast_party_subaddress_init(&init->subaddress);
1951         init->transit_network_select = 0;
1952 }
1953
1954 void ast_party_dialed_copy(struct ast_party_dialed *dest, const struct ast_party_dialed *src)
1955 {
1956         if (dest == src) {
1957                 /* Don't copy to self */
1958                 return;
1959         }
1960
1961         ast_free(dest->number.str);
1962         dest->number.str = ast_strdup(src->number.str);
1963         dest->number.plan = src->number.plan;
1964         ast_party_subaddress_copy(&dest->subaddress, &src->subaddress);
1965         dest->transit_network_select = src->transit_network_select;
1966 }
1967
1968 void ast_party_dialed_set_init(struct ast_party_dialed *init, const struct ast_party_dialed *guide)
1969 {
1970         init->number.str = NULL;
1971         init->number.plan = guide->number.plan;
1972         ast_party_subaddress_set_init(&init->subaddress, &guide->subaddress);
1973         init->transit_network_select = guide->transit_network_select;
1974 }
1975
1976 void ast_party_dialed_set(struct ast_party_dialed *dest, const struct ast_party_dialed *src)
1977 {
1978         if (src->number.str && src->number.str != dest->number.str) {
1979                 ast_free(dest->number.str);
1980                 dest->number.str = ast_strdup(src->number.str);
1981         }
1982         dest->number.plan = src->number.plan;
1983
1984         ast_party_subaddress_set(&dest->subaddress, &src->subaddress);
1985
1986         dest->transit_network_select = src->transit_network_select;
1987 }
1988
1989 void ast_party_dialed_free(struct ast_party_dialed *doomed)
1990 {
1991         ast_free(doomed->number.str);
1992         doomed->number.str = NULL;
1993         ast_party_subaddress_free(&doomed->subaddress);
1994 }
1995
1996 void ast_party_caller_init(struct ast_party_caller *init)
1997 {
1998         ast_party_id_init(&init->id);
1999         ast_party_id_init(&init->ani);
2000         ast_party_id_init(&init->priv);
2001         init->ani2 = 0;
2002 }
2003
2004 void ast_party_caller_copy(struct ast_party_caller *dest, const struct ast_party_caller *src)
2005 {
2006         if (dest == src) {
2007                 /* Don't copy to self */
2008                 return;
2009         }
2010
2011         ast_party_id_copy(&dest->id, &src->id);
2012         ast_party_id_copy(&dest->ani, &src->ani);
2013         ast_party_id_copy(&dest->priv, &src->priv);
2014         dest->ani2 = src->ani2;
2015 }
2016
2017 void ast_party_caller_set_init(struct ast_party_caller *init, const struct ast_party_caller *guide)
2018 {
2019         ast_party_id_set_init(&init->id, &guide->id);
2020         ast_party_id_set_init(&init->ani, &guide->ani);
2021         ast_party_id_set_init(&init->priv, &guide->priv);
2022         init->ani2 = guide->ani2;
2023 }
2024
2025 void ast_party_caller_set(struct ast_party_caller *dest, const struct ast_party_caller *src, const struct ast_set_party_caller *update)
2026 {
2027         ast_party_id_set(&dest->id, &src->id, update ? &update->id : NULL);
2028         ast_party_id_set(&dest->ani, &src->ani, update ? &update->ani : NULL);
2029         ast_party_id_set(&dest->priv, &src->priv, update ? &update->priv : NULL);
2030         dest->ani2 = src->ani2;
2031 }
2032
2033 void ast_party_caller_free(struct ast_party_caller *doomed)
2034 {
2035         ast_party_id_free(&doomed->id);
2036         ast_party_id_free(&doomed->ani);
2037         ast_party_id_free(&doomed->priv);
2038 }
2039
2040 void ast_party_connected_line_init(struct ast_party_connected_line *init)
2041 {
2042         ast_party_id_init(&init->id);
2043         ast_party_id_init(&init->ani);
2044         ast_party_id_init(&init->priv);
2045         init->ani2 = 0;
2046         init->source = AST_CONNECTED_LINE_UPDATE_SOURCE_UNKNOWN;
2047 }
2048
2049 void ast_party_connected_line_copy(struct ast_party_connected_line *dest, const struct ast_party_connected_line *src)
2050 {
2051         if (dest == src) {
2052                 /* Don't copy to self */
2053                 return;
2054         }
2055
2056         ast_party_id_copy(&dest->id, &src->id);
2057         ast_party_id_copy(&dest->ani, &src->ani);
2058         ast_party_id_copy(&dest->priv, &src->priv);
2059         dest->ani2 = src->ani2;
2060         dest->source = src->source;
2061 }
2062
2063 void ast_party_connected_line_set_init(struct ast_party_connected_line *init, const struct ast_party_connected_line *guide)
2064 {
2065         ast_party_id_set_init(&init->id, &guide->id);
2066         ast_party_id_set_init(&init->ani, &guide->ani);
2067         ast_party_id_set_init(&init->priv, &guide->priv);
2068         init->ani2 = guide->ani2;
2069         init->source = guide->source;
2070 }
2071
2072 void ast_party_connected_line_set(struct ast_party_connected_line *dest, const struct ast_party_connected_line *src, const struct ast_set_party_connected_line *update)
2073 {
2074         ast_party_id_set(&dest->id, &src->id, update ? &update->id : NULL);
2075         ast_party_id_set(&dest->ani, &src->ani, update ? &update->ani : NULL);
2076         ast_party_id_set(&dest->priv, &src->priv, update ? &update->priv : NULL);
2077         dest->ani2 = src->ani2;
2078         dest->source = src->source;
2079 }
2080
2081 void ast_party_connected_line_collect_caller(struct ast_party_connected_line *connected, struct ast_party_caller *caller)
2082 {
2083         connected->id = caller->id;
2084         connected->ani = caller->ani;
2085         connected->priv = caller->priv;
2086         connected->ani2 = caller->ani2;
2087         connected->source = AST_CONNECTED_LINE_UPDATE_SOURCE_UNKNOWN;
2088 }
2089
2090 void ast_party_connected_line_free(struct ast_party_connected_line *doomed)
2091 {
2092         ast_party_id_free(&doomed->id);
2093         ast_party_id_free(&doomed->ani);
2094         ast_party_id_free(&doomed->priv);
2095 }
2096
2097 void ast_party_redirecting_reason_init(struct ast_party_redirecting_reason *init)
2098 {
2099         init->str = NULL;
2100         init->code = AST_REDIRECTING_REASON_UNKNOWN;
2101 }
2102
2103 void ast_party_redirecting_reason_copy(struct ast_party_redirecting_reason *dest, const struct ast_party_redirecting_reason *src)
2104 {
2105         if (dest == src) {
2106                 return;
2107         }
2108
2109         ast_free(dest->str);
2110         dest->str = ast_strdup(src->str);
2111         dest->code = src->code;
2112 }
2113
2114 void ast_party_redirecting_reason_set_init(struct ast_party_redirecting_reason *init, const struct ast_party_redirecting_reason *guide)
2115 {
2116         init->str = NULL;
2117         init->code = guide->code;
2118 }
2119
2120 void ast_party_redirecting_reason_set(struct ast_party_redirecting_reason *dest, const struct ast_party_redirecting_reason *src)
2121 {
2122         if (dest == src) {
2123                 return;
2124         }
2125
2126         if (src->str && src->str != dest->str) {
2127                 ast_free(dest->str);
2128                 dest->str = ast_strdup(src->str);
2129         }
2130
2131         dest->code = src->code;
2132 }
2133
2134 void ast_party_redirecting_reason_free(struct ast_party_redirecting_reason *doomed)
2135 {
2136         ast_free(doomed->str);
2137 }
2138
2139
2140 void ast_party_redirecting_init(struct ast_party_redirecting *init)
2141 {
2142         ast_party_id_init(&init->orig);
2143         ast_party_id_init(&init->from);
2144         ast_party_id_init(&init->to);
2145         ast_party_id_init(&init->priv_orig);
2146         ast_party_id_init(&init->priv_from);
2147         ast_party_id_init(&init->priv_to);
2148         ast_party_redirecting_reason_init(&init->reason);
2149         ast_party_redirecting_reason_init(&init->orig_reason);
2150         init->count = 0;
2151 }
2152
2153 void ast_party_redirecting_copy(struct ast_party_redirecting *dest, const struct ast_party_redirecting *src)
2154 {
2155         if (dest == src) {
2156                 /* Don't copy to self */
2157                 return;
2158         }
2159
2160         ast_party_id_copy(&dest->orig, &src->orig);
2161         ast_party_id_copy(&dest->from, &src->from);
2162         ast_party_id_copy(&dest->to, &src->to);
2163         ast_party_id_copy(&dest->priv_orig, &src->priv_orig);
2164         ast_party_id_copy(&dest->priv_from, &src->priv_from);
2165         ast_party_id_copy(&dest->priv_to, &src->priv_to);
2166         ast_party_redirecting_reason_copy(&dest->reason, &src->reason);
2167         ast_party_redirecting_reason_copy(&dest->orig_reason, &src->orig_reason);
2168         dest->count = src->count;
2169 }
2170
2171 void ast_party_redirecting_set_init(struct ast_party_redirecting *init, const struct ast_party_redirecting *guide)
2172 {
2173         ast_party_id_set_init(&init->orig, &guide->orig);
2174         ast_party_id_set_init(&init->from, &guide->from);
2175         ast_party_id_set_init(&init->to, &guide->to);
2176         ast_party_id_set_init(&init->priv_orig, &guide->priv_orig);
2177         ast_party_id_set_init(&init->priv_from, &guide->priv_from);
2178         ast_party_id_set_init(&init->priv_to, &guide->priv_to);
2179         ast_party_redirecting_reason_set_init(&init->reason, &guide->reason);
2180         ast_party_redirecting_reason_set_init(&init->orig_reason, &guide->orig_reason);
2181         init->count = guide->count;
2182 }
2183
2184 void ast_party_redirecting_set(struct ast_party_redirecting *dest, const struct ast_party_redirecting *src, const struct ast_set_party_redirecting *update)
2185 {
2186         ast_party_id_set(&dest->orig, &src->orig, update ? &update->orig : NULL);
2187         ast_party_id_set(&dest->from, &src->from, update ? &update->from : NULL);
2188         ast_party_id_set(&dest->to, &src->to, update ? &update->to : NULL);
2189         ast_party_id_set(&dest->priv_orig, &src->priv_orig, update ? &update->priv_orig : NULL);
2190         ast_party_id_set(&dest->priv_from, &src->priv_from, update ? &update->priv_from : NULL);
2191         ast_party_id_set(&dest->priv_to, &src->priv_to, update ? &update->priv_to : NULL);
2192         ast_party_redirecting_reason_set(&dest->reason, &src->reason);
2193         ast_party_redirecting_reason_set(&dest->orig_reason, &src->orig_reason);
2194         dest->count = src->count;
2195 }
2196
2197 void ast_party_redirecting_free(struct ast_party_redirecting *doomed)
2198 {
2199         ast_party_id_free(&doomed->orig);
2200         ast_party_id_free(&doomed->from);
2201         ast_party_id_free(&doomed->to);
2202         ast_party_id_free(&doomed->priv_orig);
2203         ast_party_id_free(&doomed->priv_from);
2204         ast_party_id_free(&doomed->priv_to);
2205         ast_party_redirecting_reason_free(&doomed->reason);
2206         ast_party_redirecting_reason_free(&doomed->orig_reason);
2207 }
2208
2209 /*! \brief Free a channel structure */
2210 static void ast_channel_destructor(void *obj)
2211 {
2212         struct ast_channel *chan = obj;
2213         struct ast_var_t *vardata;
2214         struct ast_frame *f;
2215         struct varshead *headp;
2216         struct ast_datastore *datastore;
2217         char device_name[AST_CHANNEL_NAME];
2218         ast_callid callid;
2219
2220         /* Stop monitoring */
2221         if (ast_channel_monitor(chan)) {
2222                 ast_channel_monitor(chan)->stop(chan, 0);
2223         }
2224
2225         /* If there is native format music-on-hold state, free it */
2226         if (ast_channel_music_state(chan)) {
2227                 ast_moh_cleanup(chan);
2228         }
2229
2230         ast_pbx_hangup_handler_destroy(chan);
2231
2232         /* Things that may possibly raise Stasis messages shouldn't occur after this point */
2233         ast_set_flag(ast_channel_flags(chan), AST_FLAG_DEAD);
2234
2235         if (ast_channel_internal_is_finalized(chan)) {
2236                 /* A channel snapshot should not be in the process of being staged now. */
2237                 ast_assert(!ast_test_flag(ast_channel_flags(chan), AST_FLAG_SNAPSHOT_STAGE));
2238
2239                 ast_channel_lock(chan);
2240                 ast_channel_publish_snapshot(chan);
2241                 ast_channel_unlock(chan);
2242                 publish_cache_clear(chan);
2243         }
2244
2245         ast_channel_lock(chan);
2246
2247         /* Get rid of each of the data stores on the channel */
2248         while ((datastore = AST_LIST_REMOVE_HEAD(ast_channel_datastores(chan), entry)))
2249                 /* Free the data store */
2250                 ast_datastore_free(datastore);
2251
2252         /* While the channel is locked, take the reference to its callid while we tear down the call. */
2253         callid = ast_channel_callid(chan);
2254         ast_channel_callid_cleanup(chan);
2255
2256         ast_channel_unlock(chan);
2257
2258         /* Lock and unlock the channel just to be sure nobody has it locked still
2259            due to a reference that was stored in a datastore. (i.e. app_chanspy) */
2260         ast_channel_lock(chan);
2261         ast_channel_unlock(chan);
2262
2263         if (ast_channel_tech_pvt(chan)) {
2264                 ast_log_callid(LOG_WARNING, callid, "Channel '%s' may not have been hung up properly\n", ast_channel_name(chan));
2265                 ast_free(ast_channel_tech_pvt(chan));
2266         }
2267
2268         if (ast_channel_sched(chan)) {
2269                 ast_sched_context_destroy(ast_channel_sched(chan));
2270         }
2271
2272         if (ast_channel_internal_is_finalized(chan)) {
2273                 char *dashptr;
2274
2275                 ast_copy_string(device_name, ast_channel_name(chan), sizeof(device_name));
2276                 if ((dashptr = strrchr(device_name, '-'))) {
2277                         *dashptr = '\0';
2278                 }
2279         } else {
2280                 device_name[0] = '\0';
2281         }
2282
2283         /* Free translators */
2284         if (ast_channel_readtrans(chan))
2285                 ast_translator_free_path(ast_channel_readtrans(chan));
2286         if (ast_channel_writetrans(chan))
2287                 ast_translator_free_path(ast_channel_writetrans(chan));
2288         if (ast_channel_pbx(chan))
2289                 ast_log_callid(LOG_WARNING, callid, "PBX may not have been terminated properly on '%s'\n", ast_channel_name(chan));
2290
2291         /* Free formats */
2292         ast_channel_set_oldwriteformat(chan, NULL);
2293         ast_channel_set_rawreadformat(chan, NULL);
2294         ast_channel_set_rawwriteformat(chan, NULL);
2295         ast_channel_set_readformat(chan, NULL);
2296         ast_channel_set_writeformat(chan, NULL);
2297
2298         ast_party_dialed_free(ast_channel_dialed(chan));
2299         ast_party_caller_free(ast_channel_caller(chan));
2300         ast_party_connected_line_free(ast_channel_connected(chan));
2301         ast_party_connected_line_free(ast_channel_connected_indicated(chan));
2302         ast_party_redirecting_free(ast_channel_redirecting(chan));
2303
2304         /* Close pipes if appropriate */
2305         ast_channel_internal_alertpipe_close(chan);
2306         if (ast_channel_timer(chan)) {
2307                 ast_timer_close(ast_channel_timer(chan));
2308                 ast_channel_timer_set(chan, NULL);
2309         }
2310         while ((f = AST_LIST_REMOVE_HEAD(ast_channel_readq(chan), frame_list)))
2311                 ast_frfree(f);
2312
2313         /* loop over the variables list, freeing all data and deleting list items */
2314         /* no need to lock the list, as the channel is already locked */
2315         headp = ast_channel_varshead(chan);
2316         while ((vardata = AST_LIST_REMOVE_HEAD(headp, entries)))
2317                 ast_var_delete(vardata);
2318
2319         ast_app_group_discard(chan);
2320
2321         /* Destroy the jitterbuffer */
2322         ast_jb_destroy(chan);
2323
2324         if (ast_channel_cdr(chan)) {
2325                 ast_cdr_free(ast_channel_cdr(chan));
2326                 ast_channel_cdr_set(chan, NULL);
2327         }
2328
2329         if (ast_channel_zone(chan)) {
2330                 ast_channel_zone_set(chan, ast_tone_zone_unref(ast_channel_zone(chan)));
2331         }
2332
2333         ast_channel_internal_cleanup(chan);
2334
2335         if (device_name[0]) {
2336                 /*
2337                  * We have a device name to notify of a new state.
2338                  *
2339                  * Queue an unknown state, because, while we know that this particular
2340                  * instance is dead, we don't know the state of all other possible
2341                  * instances.
2342                  */
2343                 ast_devstate_changed_literal(AST_DEVICE_UNKNOWN, (ast_test_flag(ast_channel_flags(chan), AST_FLAG_DISABLE_DEVSTATE_CACHE) ? AST_DEVSTATE_NOT_CACHABLE : AST_DEVSTATE_CACHABLE), device_name);
2344         }
2345
2346         ast_channel_nativeformats_set(chan, NULL);
2347
2348         ast_channel_named_callgroups_set(chan, NULL);
2349         ast_channel_named_pickupgroups_set(chan, NULL);
2350
2351         ast_atomic_fetchadd_int(&chancount, -1);
2352 }
2353
2354 /*! \brief Free a dummy channel structure */
2355 static void ast_dummy_channel_destructor(void *obj)
2356 {
2357         struct ast_channel *chan = obj;
2358         struct ast_datastore *datastore;
2359         struct ast_var_t *vardata;
2360         struct varshead *headp;
2361
2362         ast_pbx_hangup_handler_destroy(chan);
2363
2364         /* Get rid of each of the data stores on the channel */
2365         while ((datastore = AST_LIST_REMOVE_HEAD(ast_channel_datastores(chan), entry))) {
2366                 /* Free the data store */
2367                 ast_datastore_free(datastore);
2368         }
2369
2370         ast_party_dialed_free(ast_channel_dialed(chan));
2371         ast_party_caller_free(ast_channel_caller(chan));
2372         ast_party_connected_line_free(ast_channel_connected(chan));
2373         ast_party_connected_line_free(ast_channel_connected_indicated(chan));
2374         ast_party_redirecting_free(ast_channel_redirecting(chan));
2375
2376         /* loop over the variables list, freeing all data and deleting list items */
2377         /* no need to lock the list, as the channel is already locked */
2378         headp = ast_channel_varshead(chan);
2379         while ((vardata = AST_LIST_REMOVE_HEAD(headp, entries)))
2380                 ast_var_delete(vardata);
2381
2382         if (ast_channel_cdr(chan)) {
2383                 ast_cdr_free(ast_channel_cdr(chan));
2384                 ast_channel_cdr_set(chan, NULL);
2385         }
2386
2387         ast_channel_internal_cleanup(chan);
2388 }
2389
2390 struct ast_datastore *ast_channel_datastore_alloc(const struct ast_datastore_info *info, const char *uid)
2391 {
2392         return ast_datastore_alloc(info, uid);
2393 }
2394
2395 int ast_channel_datastore_free(struct ast_datastore *datastore)
2396 {
2397         return ast_datastore_free(datastore);
2398 }
2399
2400 int ast_channel_datastore_inherit(struct ast_channel *from, struct ast_channel *to)
2401 {
2402         struct ast_datastore *datastore = NULL, *datastore2;
2403
2404         AST_LIST_TRAVERSE(ast_channel_datastores(from), datastore, entry) {
2405                 if (datastore->inheritance > 0) {
2406                         datastore2 = ast_datastore_alloc(datastore->info, datastore->uid);
2407                         if (datastore2) {
2408                                 datastore2->data = datastore->info->duplicate ? datastore->info->duplicate(datastore->data) : NULL;
2409                                 datastore2->inheritance = datastore->inheritance == DATASTORE_INHERIT_FOREVER ? DATASTORE_INHERIT_FOREVER : datastore->inheritance - 1;
2410                                 AST_LIST_INSERT_TAIL(ast_channel_datastores(to), datastore2, entry);
2411                         }
2412                 }
2413         }
2414         return 0;
2415 }
2416
2417 int ast_channel_datastore_add(struct ast_channel *chan, struct ast_datastore *datastore)
2418 {
2419         int res = 0;
2420
2421         AST_LIST_INSERT_HEAD(ast_channel_datastores(chan), datastore, entry);
2422
2423         return res;
2424 }
2425
2426 int ast_channel_datastore_remove(struct ast_channel *chan, struct ast_datastore *datastore)
2427 {
2428         return AST_LIST_REMOVE(ast_channel_datastores(chan), datastore, entry) ? 0 : -1;
2429 }
2430
2431 struct ast_datastore *ast_channel_datastore_find(struct ast_channel *chan, const struct ast_datastore_info *info, const char *uid)
2432 {
2433         struct ast_datastore *datastore = NULL;
2434
2435         if (info == NULL)
2436                 return NULL;
2437
2438         AST_LIST_TRAVERSE(ast_channel_datastores(chan), datastore, entry) {
2439                 if (datastore->info != info) {
2440                         continue;
2441                 }
2442
2443                 if (uid == NULL) {
2444                         /* matched by type only */
2445                         break;
2446                 }
2447
2448                 if ((datastore->uid != NULL) && !strcasecmp(uid, datastore->uid)) {
2449                         /* Matched by type AND uid */
2450                         break;
2451                 }
2452         }
2453
2454         return datastore;
2455 }
2456
2457 /*! Set the file descriptor on the channel */
2458 void ast_channel_set_fd(struct ast_channel *chan, int which, int fd)
2459 {
2460         ast_channel_internal_fd_set(chan, which, fd);
2461         return;
2462 }
2463
2464 void ast_channel_clear_softhangup(struct ast_channel *chan, int flag)
2465 {
2466         ast_channel_lock(chan);
2467
2468         ast_channel_softhangup_internal_flag_clear(chan, flag);
2469
2470         if (!ast_channel_softhangup_internal_flag(chan)) {
2471                 struct ast_frame *fr;
2472
2473                 /* If we have completely cleared the softhangup flag,
2474                  * then we need to fully abort the hangup process.  This requires
2475                  * pulling the END_OF_Q frame out of the channel frame queue if it
2476                  * still happens to be there. */
2477
2478                 fr = AST_LIST_LAST(ast_channel_readq(chan));
2479                 if (fr && fr->frametype == AST_FRAME_CONTROL &&
2480                                 fr->subclass.integer == AST_CONTROL_END_OF_Q) {
2481                         AST_LIST_REMOVE(ast_channel_readq(chan), fr, frame_list);
2482                         ast_frfree(fr);
2483                 }
2484         }
2485
2486         ast_channel_unlock(chan);
2487 }
2488
2489 /*! \brief Softly hangup a channel, don't lock */
2490 int ast_softhangup_nolock(struct ast_channel *chan, int cause)
2491 {
2492         ast_debug(1, "Soft-Hanging (%#04x) up channel '%s'\n", (unsigned)cause, ast_channel_name(chan));
2493         /* Inform channel driver that we need to be hung up, if it cares */
2494         ast_channel_softhangup_internal_flag_add(chan, cause);
2495         ast_queue_frame(chan, &ast_null_frame);
2496         /* Interrupt any poll call or such */
2497         if (ast_test_flag(ast_channel_flags(chan), AST_FLAG_BLOCKING))
2498                 pthread_kill(ast_channel_blocker(chan), SIGURG);
2499         return 0;
2500 }
2501
2502 /*! \brief Softly hangup a channel, lock */
2503 int ast_softhangup(struct ast_channel *chan, int cause)
2504 {
2505         RAII_VAR(struct ast_json *, blob, NULL, ast_json_unref);
2506         int res;
2507
2508         ast_channel_lock(chan);
2509         res = ast_softhangup_nolock(chan, cause);
2510         blob = ast_json_pack("{s: i, s: b}",
2511                              "cause", cause,
2512                              "soft", 1);
2513         ast_channel_publish_blob(chan, ast_channel_hangup_request_type(), blob);
2514         ast_channel_unlock(chan);
2515
2516         return res;
2517 }
2518
2519 static void free_translation(struct ast_channel *clonechan)
2520 {
2521         if (ast_channel_writetrans(clonechan)) {
2522                 ast_translator_free_path(ast_channel_writetrans(clonechan));
2523         }
2524         if (ast_channel_readtrans(clonechan)) {
2525                 ast_translator_free_path(ast_channel_readtrans(clonechan));
2526         }
2527         ast_channel_writetrans_set(clonechan, NULL);
2528         ast_channel_readtrans_set(clonechan, NULL);
2529 }
2530
2531 void ast_set_hangupsource(struct ast_channel *chan, const char *source, int force)
2532 {
2533         RAII_VAR(struct ast_channel *, bridge, ast_channel_bridge_peer(chan), ast_channel_cleanup);
2534
2535         ast_channel_lock(chan);
2536         if (force || ast_strlen_zero(ast_channel_hangupsource(chan))) {
2537                 ast_channel_hangupsource_set(chan, source);
2538         }
2539         ast_channel_unlock(chan);
2540
2541         if (bridge) {
2542                 ast_channel_lock(bridge);
2543                 if (force || ast_strlen_zero(ast_channel_hangupsource(bridge))) {
2544                         ast_channel_hangupsource_set(bridge, source);
2545                 }
2546                 ast_channel_unlock(bridge);
2547         }
2548 }
2549
2550 int ast_channel_has_audio_frame_or_monitor(struct ast_channel *chan)
2551 {
2552         return ast_channel_monitor(chan)
2553                 || !ast_audiohook_write_list_empty(ast_channel_audiohooks(chan))
2554                 || !ast_framehook_list_contains_no_active(ast_channel_framehooks(chan));
2555 }
2556
2557 int ast_channel_has_hook_requiring_audio(struct ast_channel *chan)
2558 {
2559         return ast_channel_monitor(chan)
2560                 || !ast_audiohook_write_list_empty(ast_channel_audiohooks(chan))
2561                 || !ast_framehook_list_contains_no_active_of_type(ast_channel_framehooks(chan), AST_FRAME_VOICE);
2562 }
2563
2564 static void destroy_hooks(struct ast_channel *chan)
2565 {
2566         if (ast_channel_audiohooks(chan)) {
2567                 ast_audiohook_detach_list(ast_channel_audiohooks(chan));
2568                 ast_channel_audiohooks_set(chan, NULL);
2569         }
2570
2571         ast_framehook_list_destroy(chan);
2572 }
2573
2574 /*! \brief Hangup a channel */
2575 void ast_hangup(struct ast_channel *chan)
2576 {
2577         /* Be NULL safe for RAII_VAR() usage. */
2578         if (!chan) {
2579                 return;
2580         }
2581
2582         ast_autoservice_stop(chan);
2583
2584         ast_channel_lock(chan);
2585
2586         while (ast_channel_masq(chan) || ast_channel_masqr(chan))  {
2587                 CHANNEL_DEADLOCK_AVOIDANCE(chan);
2588         }
2589
2590         /* Mark as a zombie so a masquerade cannot be setup on this channel. */
2591         ast_set_flag(ast_channel_flags(chan), AST_FLAG_ZOMBIE);
2592
2593         ast_channel_unlock(chan);
2594
2595         /*
2596          * XXX if running the hangup handlers here causes problems
2597          * because the handlers take too long to execute, we could move
2598          * the meat of this function into another thread.  A thread
2599          * where channels go to die.
2600          *
2601          * If this is done, ast_autoservice_chan_hangup_peer() will no
2602          * longer be needed.
2603          */
2604         ast_pbx_hangup_handler_run(chan);
2605         ao2_unlink(channels, chan);
2606         ast_channel_lock(chan);
2607
2608         destroy_hooks(chan);
2609
2610         free_translation(chan);
2611         /* Close audio stream */
2612         if (ast_channel_stream(chan)) {
2613                 ast_closestream(ast_channel_stream(chan));
2614                 ast_channel_stream_set(chan, NULL);
2615         }
2616         /* Close video stream */
2617         if (ast_channel_vstream(chan)) {
2618                 ast_closestream(ast_channel_vstream(chan));
2619                 ast_channel_vstream_set(chan, NULL);
2620         }
2621         if (ast_channel_sched(chan)) {
2622                 ast_sched_context_destroy(ast_channel_sched(chan));
2623                 ast_channel_sched_set(chan, NULL);
2624         }
2625
2626         if (ast_channel_generatordata(chan)) {  /* Clear any tone stuff remaining */
2627                 if (ast_channel_generator(chan) && ast_channel_generator(chan)->release) {
2628                         ast_channel_generator(chan)->release(chan, ast_channel_generatordata(chan));
2629                 }
2630         }
2631         ast_channel_generatordata_set(chan, NULL);
2632         ast_channel_generator_set(chan, NULL);
2633
2634         if (ast_test_flag(ast_channel_flags(chan), AST_FLAG_BLOCKING)) {
2635                 ast_log(LOG_WARNING, "Hard hangup called by thread %ld on %s, while fd "
2636                         "is blocked by thread %ld in procedure %s!  Expect a failure\n",
2637                         (long) pthread_self(), ast_channel_name(chan), (long)ast_channel_blocker(chan), ast_channel_blockproc(chan));
2638                 ast_assert(ast_test_flag(ast_channel_flags(chan), AST_FLAG_BLOCKING) == 0);
2639         }
2640
2641         ast_debug(1, "Hanging up channel '%s'\n", ast_channel_name(chan));
2642         if (ast_channel_tech(chan)->hangup) {
2643                 ast_channel_tech(chan)->hangup(chan);
2644         }
2645
2646         ast_channel_unlock(chan);
2647
2648         ast_cc_offer(chan);
2649
2650         ast_channel_unref(chan);
2651 }
2652
2653 /*!
2654  * \internal
2655  * \brief Set channel answered time if not already set.
2656  * \since 13.11.0
2657  *
2658  * \param chan Channel to set answered time.
2659  *
2660  * \return Nothing
2661  */
2662 static void set_channel_answer_time(struct ast_channel *chan)
2663 {
2664         if (ast_tvzero(ast_channel_answertime(chan))) {
2665                 struct timeval answertime;
2666
2667                 answertime = ast_tvnow();
2668                 ast_channel_answertime_set(chan, &answertime);
2669         }
2670 }
2671
2672 int ast_raw_answer(struct ast_channel *chan)
2673 {
2674         int res = 0;
2675
2676         ast_channel_lock(chan);
2677
2678         /* You can't answer an outbound call */
2679         if (ast_test_flag(ast_channel_flags(chan), AST_FLAG_OUTGOING)) {
2680                 ast_channel_unlock(chan);
2681                 return 0;
2682         }
2683
2684         /* Stop if we're a zombie or need a soft hangup */
2685         if (ast_test_flag(ast_channel_flags(chan), AST_FLAG_ZOMBIE) || ast_check_hangup(chan)) {
2686                 ast_channel_unlock(chan);
2687                 return -1;
2688         }
2689
2690         /*
2691          * Mark when incoming channel answered so we can know how
2692          * long the channel has been up.
2693          */
2694         set_channel_answer_time(chan);
2695
2696         ast_channel_unlock(chan);
2697
2698         switch (ast_channel_state(chan)) {
2699         case AST_STATE_RINGING:
2700         case AST_STATE_RING:
2701                 ast_channel_lock(chan);
2702                 if (ast_channel_tech(chan)->answer) {
2703                         res = ast_channel_tech(chan)->answer(chan);
2704                 }
2705                 ast_setstate(chan, AST_STATE_UP);
2706                 ast_channel_unlock(chan);
2707                 break;
2708         case AST_STATE_UP:
2709                 break;
2710         default:
2711                 break;
2712         }
2713
2714         ast_indicate(chan, -1);
2715
2716         return res;
2717 }
2718
2719 int __ast_answer(struct ast_channel *chan, unsigned int delay)
2720 {
2721         int res = 0;
2722         enum ast_channel_state old_state;
2723
2724         old_state = ast_channel_state(chan);
2725         if ((res = ast_raw_answer(chan))) {
2726                 return res;
2727         }
2728
2729         switch (old_state) {
2730         case AST_STATE_RINGING:
2731         case AST_STATE_RING:
2732                 /* wait for media to start flowing, but don't wait any longer
2733                  * than 'delay' or 500 milliseconds, whichever is longer
2734                  */
2735                 do {
2736                         AST_LIST_HEAD_NOLOCK(, ast_frame) frames;
2737                         struct ast_frame *cur;
2738                         struct ast_frame *new_frame;
2739                         int timeout_ms = MAX(delay, 500);
2740                         unsigned int done = 0;
2741                         struct timeval start;
2742
2743                         AST_LIST_HEAD_INIT_NOLOCK(&frames);
2744
2745                         start = ast_tvnow();
2746                         for (;;) {
2747                                 int ms = ast_remaining_ms(start, timeout_ms);
2748                                 ms = ast_waitfor(chan, ms);
2749                                 if (ms < 0) {
2750                                         ast_log(LOG_WARNING, "Error condition occurred when polling channel %s for a voice frame: %s\n", ast_channel_name(chan), strerror(errno));
2751                                         res = -1;
2752                                         break;
2753                                 }
2754                                 if (ms == 0) {
2755                                         ast_debug(2, "Didn't receive a media frame from %s within %u ms of answering. Continuing anyway\n", ast_channel_name(chan), MAX(delay, 500));
2756                                         break;
2757                                 }
2758                                 cur = ast_read(chan);
2759                                 if (!cur || ((cur->frametype == AST_FRAME_CONTROL) &&
2760                                              (cur->subclass.integer == AST_CONTROL_HANGUP))) {
2761                                         if (cur) {
2762                                                 ast_frfree(cur);
2763                                         }
2764                                         res = -1;
2765                                         ast_debug(2, "Hangup of channel %s detected in answer routine\n", ast_channel_name(chan));
2766                                         break;
2767                                 }
2768
2769                                 if ((new_frame = ast_frisolate(cur)) != cur) {
2770                                         ast_frfree(cur);
2771                                 }
2772
2773                                 AST_LIST_INSERT_HEAD(&frames, new_frame, frame_list);
2774
2775                                 /* if a specific delay period was requested, continue
2776                                  * until that delay has passed. don't stop just because
2777                                  * incoming media has arrived.
2778                                  */
2779                                 if (delay) {
2780                                         continue;
2781                                 }
2782
2783                                 switch (new_frame->frametype) {
2784                                         /* all of these frametypes qualify as 'media' */
2785                                 case AST_FRAME_VOICE:
2786                                 case AST_FRAME_VIDEO:
2787                                 case AST_FRAME_TEXT:
2788                                 case AST_FRAME_DTMF_BEGIN:
2789                                 case AST_FRAME_DTMF_END:
2790                                 case AST_FRAME_IMAGE:
2791                                 case AST_FRAME_HTML:
2792                                 case AST_FRAME_MODEM:
2793                                 case AST_FRAME_RTCP:
2794                                         done = 1;
2795                                         break;
2796                                 case AST_FRAME_CONTROL:
2797                                 case AST_FRAME_IAX:
2798                                 case AST_FRAME_BRIDGE_ACTION:
2799                                 case AST_FRAME_BRIDGE_ACTION_SYNC:
2800                                 case AST_FRAME_NULL:
2801                                 case AST_FRAME_CNG:
2802                                         break;
2803                                 }
2804
2805                                 if (done) {
2806                                         break;
2807                                 }
2808                         }
2809
2810                         ast_channel_lock(chan);
2811                         while ((cur = AST_LIST_REMOVE_HEAD(&frames, frame_list))) {
2812                                 if (res == 0) {
2813                                         ast_queue_frame_head(chan, cur);
2814                                 }
2815                                 ast_frfree(cur);
2816                         }
2817                         ast_channel_unlock(chan);
2818                 } while (0);
2819                 break;
2820         default:
2821                 break;
2822         }
2823
2824         return res;
2825 }
2826
2827 int ast_answer(struct ast_channel *chan)
2828 {
2829         return __ast_answer(chan, 0);
2830 }
2831
2832 inline int ast_auto_answer(struct ast_channel *chan)
2833 {
2834         if (ast_channel_state(chan) == AST_STATE_UP) {
2835                 /* Already answered */
2836                 return 0;
2837         }
2838         return ast_answer(chan);
2839 }
2840
2841 int ast_channel_get_duration(struct ast_channel *chan)
2842 {
2843         ast_assert(NULL != chan);
2844
2845         if (ast_tvzero(ast_channel_creationtime(chan))) {
2846                 return 0;
2847         }
2848         return (ast_tvdiff_ms(ast_tvnow(), ast_channel_creationtime(chan)) / 1000);
2849 }
2850
2851 int ast_channel_get_up_time(struct ast_channel *chan)
2852 {
2853         ast_assert(NULL != chan);
2854
2855         if (ast_tvzero(ast_channel_answertime(chan))) {
2856                 return 0;
2857         }
2858         return (ast_tvdiff_ms(ast_tvnow(), ast_channel_answertime(chan)) / 1000);
2859 }
2860
2861 static void deactivate_generator_nolock(struct ast_channel *chan)
2862 {
2863         if (ast_channel_generatordata(chan)) {
2864                 struct ast_generator *generator = ast_channel_generator(chan);
2865
2866                 if (generator && generator->release) {
2867                         generator->release(chan, ast_channel_generatordata(chan));
2868                 }
2869                 ast_channel_generatordata_set(chan, NULL);
2870                 ast_channel_generator_set(chan, NULL);
2871                 ast_channel_set_fd(chan, AST_GENERATOR_FD, -1);
2872                 ast_clear_flag(ast_channel_flags(chan), AST_FLAG_WRITE_INT);
2873                 ast_settimeout(chan, 0, NULL, NULL);
2874         }
2875 }
2876
2877 void ast_deactivate_generator(struct ast_channel *chan)
2878 {
2879         ast_channel_lock(chan);
2880         deactivate_generator_nolock(chan);
2881         ast_channel_unlock(chan);
2882 }
2883
2884 static void generator_write_format_change(struct ast_channel *chan)
2885 {
2886         struct ast_generator *generator;
2887
2888         ast_channel_lock(chan);
2889         generator = ast_channel_generator(chan);
2890         if (generator && generator->write_format_change) {
2891                 generator->write_format_change(chan, ast_channel_generatordata(chan));
2892         }
2893         ast_channel_unlock(chan);
2894 }
2895
2896 static int generator_force(const void *data)
2897 {
2898         /* Called if generator doesn't have data */
2899         void *tmp;
2900         int res;
2901         int (*generate)(struct ast_channel *chan, void *tmp, int datalen, int samples) = NULL;
2902         struct ast_channel *chan = (struct ast_channel *)data;
2903
2904         ast_channel_lock(chan);
2905         tmp = ast_channel_generatordata(chan);
2906         ast_channel_generatordata_set(chan, NULL);
2907         if (ast_channel_generator(chan))
2908                 generate = ast_channel_generator(chan)->generate;
2909         ast_channel_unlock(chan);
2910
2911         if (!tmp || !generate) {
2912                 return 0;
2913         }
2914
2915         res = generate(chan, tmp, 0, ast_format_get_sample_rate(ast_channel_writeformat(chan)) / 50);
2916
2917         ast_channel_lock(chan);
2918         if (ast_channel_generator(chan) && generate == ast_channel_generator(chan)->generate) {
2919                 ast_channel_generatordata_set(chan, tmp);
2920         }
2921         ast_channel_unlock(chan);
2922
2923         if (res) {
2924                 ast_debug(1, "Auto-deactivating generator\n");
2925                 ast_deactivate_generator(chan);
2926         }
2927
2928         return 0;
2929 }
2930
2931 int ast_activate_generator(struct ast_channel *chan, struct ast_generator *gen, void *params)
2932 {
2933         int res = 0;
2934         void *generatordata = NULL;
2935
2936         ast_channel_lock(chan);
2937         if (ast_channel_generatordata(chan)) {
2938                 struct ast_generator *generator_old = ast_channel_generator(chan);
2939
2940                 if (generator_old && generator_old->release) {
2941                         generator_old->release(chan, ast_channel_generatordata(chan));
2942                 }
2943         }
2944         if (gen->alloc && !(generatordata = gen->alloc(chan, params))) {
2945                 res = -1;
2946         }
2947         ast_channel_generatordata_set(chan, generatordata);
2948         if (!res) {
2949                 ast_settimeout(chan, 50, generator_force, chan);
2950                 ast_channel_generator_set(chan, gen);
2951         }
2952         ast_channel_unlock(chan);
2953
2954         ast_prod(chan);
2955
2956         return res;
2957 }
2958
2959 /*! \brief Wait for x amount of time on a file descriptor to have input.  */
2960 int ast_waitfor_n_fd(int *fds, int n, int *ms, int *exception)
2961 {
2962         int winner = -1;
2963         ast_waitfor_nandfds(NULL, 0, fds, n, exception, &winner, ms);
2964         return winner;
2965 }
2966
2967 /*! \brief Wait for x amount of time on a file descriptor to have input.  */
2968 struct ast_channel *ast_waitfor_nandfds(struct ast_channel **c, int n, int *fds, int nfds,
2969                                         int *exception, int *outfd, int *ms)
2970 {
2971         struct timeval start = { 0 , 0 };
2972         struct pollfd *pfds = NULL;
2973         int res;
2974         long rms;
2975         int x, y, max;
2976         int sz = nfds;
2977         struct timeval now = { 0, 0 };
2978         struct timeval whentohangup = { 0, 0 }, diff;
2979         struct ast_channel *winner = NULL;
2980         struct fdmap {
2981                 int chan;
2982                 int fdno;
2983         } *fdmap = NULL;
2984
2985         if (outfd) {
2986                 *outfd = -99999;
2987         }
2988         if (exception) {
2989                 *exception = 0;
2990         }
2991
2992         for (x = 0; x < n; x++) {
2993                 ast_channel_lock(c[x]);
2994                 if (!ast_tvzero(*ast_channel_whentohangup(c[x]))) {
2995                         if (ast_tvzero(whentohangup))
2996                                 now = ast_tvnow();
2997                         diff = ast_tvsub(*ast_channel_whentohangup(c[x]), now);
2998                         if (diff.tv_sec < 0 || ast_tvzero(diff)) {
2999                                 ast_test_suite_event_notify("HANGUP_TIME", "Channel: %s", ast_channel_name(c[x]));
3000                                 /* Should already be hungup */
3001                                 ast_channel_softhangup_internal_flag_add(c[x], AST_SOFTHANGUP_TIMEOUT);
3002                                 ast_channel_unlock(c[x]);
3003                                 return c[x];
3004                         }
3005                         if (ast_tvzero(whentohangup) || ast_tvcmp(diff, whentohangup) < 0)
3006                                 whentohangup = diff;
3007                 }
3008                 sz += ast_channel_fd_count(c[x]);
3009                 ast_channel_unlock(c[x]);
3010         }
3011
3012         if (!sz) {
3013                 return NULL;
3014         }
3015
3016         pfds = ast_alloca(sizeof(*pfds) * sz);
3017         fdmap = ast_alloca(sizeof(*fdmap) * sz);
3018
3019         /* Wait full interval */
3020         rms = *ms;
3021         /* INT_MAX, not LONG_MAX, because it matters on 64-bit */
3022         if (!ast_tvzero(whentohangup) && whentohangup.tv_sec < INT_MAX / 1000) {
3023                 rms = whentohangup.tv_sec * 1000 + whentohangup.tv_usec / 1000;              /* timeout in milliseconds */
3024                 if (*ms >= 0 && *ms < rms) {                                                 /* original *ms still smaller */
3025                         rms =  *ms;
3026                 }
3027         } else if (!ast_tvzero(whentohangup) && rms < 0) {
3028                 /* Tiny corner case... call would need to last >24 days */
3029                 rms = INT_MAX;
3030         }
3031         /*
3032          * Build the pollfd array, putting the channels' fds first,
3033          * followed by individual fds. Order is important because
3034          * individual fd's must have priority over channel fds.
3035          */
3036         max = 0;
3037         for (x = 0; x < n; x++) {
3038                 ast_channel_lock(c[x]);
3039                 for (y = 0; y < ast_channel_fd_count(c[x]); y++) {
3040                         fdmap[max].fdno = y;  /* fd y is linked to this pfds */
3041                         fdmap[max].chan = x;  /* channel x is linked to this pfds */
3042                         max += ast_add_fd(&pfds[max], ast_channel_fd(c[x], y));
3043                 }
3044                 CHECK_BLOCKING(c[x]);
3045                 ast_channel_unlock(c[x]);
3046         }
3047         /* Add the individual fds */
3048         for (x = 0; x < nfds; x++) {
3049                 fdmap[max].chan = -1;
3050                 max += ast_add_fd(&pfds[max], fds[x]);
3051         }
3052
3053         if (*ms > 0) {
3054                 start = ast_tvnow();
3055         }
3056
3057         if (sizeof(int) == 4) { /* XXX fix timeout > 600000 on linux x86-32 */
3058                 do {
3059                         int kbrms = rms;
3060                         if (kbrms > 600000) {
3061                                 kbrms = 600000;
3062                         }
3063                         res = ast_poll(pfds, max, kbrms);
3064                         if (!res) {
3065                                 rms -= kbrms;
3066                         }
3067                 } while (!res && (rms > 0));
3068         } else {
3069                 res = ast_poll(pfds, max, rms);
3070         }
3071         for (x = 0; x < n; x++) {
3072                 ast_channel_lock(c[x]);
3073                 ast_clear_flag(ast_channel_flags(c[x]), AST_FLAG_BLOCKING);
3074                 ast_channel_unlock(c[x]);
3075         }
3076         if (res < 0) { /* Simulate a timeout if we were interrupted */
3077                 if (errno != EINTR) {
3078                         *ms = -1;
3079                 }
3080                 return NULL;
3081         }
3082         if (!ast_tvzero(whentohangup)) {   /* if we have a timeout, check who expired */
3083                 now = ast_tvnow();
3084                 for (x = 0; x < n; x++) {
3085                         if (!ast_tvzero(*ast_channel_whentohangup(c[x])) && ast_tvcmp(*ast_channel_whentohangup(c[x]), now) <= 0) {
3086                                 ast_test_suite_event_notify("HANGUP_TIME", "Channel: %s", ast_channel_name(c[x]));
3087                                 ast_channel_softhangup_internal_flag_add(c[x], AST_SOFTHANGUP_TIMEOUT);
3088                                 if (winner == NULL) {
3089                                         winner = c[x];
3090                                 }
3091                         }
3092                 }
3093         }
3094         if (res == 0) { /* no fd ready, reset timeout and done */
3095                 *ms = 0;        /* XXX use 0 since we may not have an exact timeout. */
3096                 return winner;
3097         }
3098         /*
3099          * Then check if any channel or fd has a pending event.
3100          * Remember to check channels first and fds last, as they
3101          * must have priority on setting 'winner'
3102          */
3103         for (x = 0; x < max; x++) {
3104                 res = pfds[x].revents;
3105                 if (res == 0) {
3106                         continue;
3107                 }
3108                 if (fdmap[x].chan >= 0) {       /* this is a channel */
3109                         winner = c[fdmap[x].chan];      /* override previous winners */
3110                         ast_channel_lock(winner);
3111                         if (res & POLLPRI) {
3112                                 ast_set_flag(ast_channel_flags(winner), AST_FLAG_EXCEPTION);
3113                         } else {
3114                                 ast_clear_flag(ast_channel_flags(winner), AST_FLAG_EXCEPTION);
3115                         }
3116                         ast_channel_fdno_set(winner, fdmap[x].fdno);
3117                         ast_channel_unlock(winner);
3118                 } else {                        /* this is an fd */
3119                         if (outfd) {
3120                                 *outfd = pfds[x].fd;
3121                         }
3122                         if (exception) {
3123                                 *exception = (res & POLLPRI) ? -1 : 0;
3124                         }
3125                         winner = NULL;
3126                 }
3127         }
3128         if (*ms > 0) {
3129                 *ms -= ast_tvdiff_ms(ast_tvnow(), start);
3130                 if (*ms < 0) {
3131                         *ms = 0;
3132                 }
3133         }
3134         return winner;
3135 }
3136
3137 struct ast_channel *ast_waitfor_n(struct ast_channel **c, int n, int *ms)
3138 {
3139         return ast_waitfor_nandfds(c, n, NULL, 0, NULL, NULL, ms);
3140 }
3141
3142 int ast_waitfor(struct ast_channel *c, int ms)
3143 {
3144         if (ms < 0) {
3145                 do {
3146                         ms = 100000;
3147                         ast_waitfor_nandfds(&c, 1, NULL, 0, NULL, NULL, &ms);
3148                 } while (!ms);
3149         } else {
3150                 ast_waitfor_nandfds(&c, 1, NULL, 0, NULL, NULL, &ms);
3151         }
3152         return ms;
3153 }
3154
3155 int ast_waitfordigit(struct ast_channel *c, int ms)
3156 {
3157         return ast_waitfordigit_full(c, ms, -1, -1);
3158 }
3159
3160 int ast_settimeout(struct ast_channel *c, unsigned int rate, int (*func)(const void *data), void *data)
3161 {
3162         return ast_settimeout_full(c, rate, func, data, 0);
3163 }
3164
3165 int ast_settimeout_full(struct ast_channel *c, unsigned int rate, int (*func)(const void *data), void *data, unsigned int is_ao2_obj)
3166 {
3167         int res;
3168         unsigned int real_rate = rate, max_rate;
3169
3170         ast_channel_lock(c);
3171
3172         if (ast_channel_timingfd(c) == -1) {
3173                 ast_channel_unlock(c);
3174                 return -1;
3175         }
3176
3177         if (!func) {
3178                 rate = 0;
3179                 data = NULL;
3180         }
3181
3182         if (rate && rate > (max_rate = ast_timer_get_max_rate(ast_channel_timer(c)))) {
3183                 real_rate = max_rate;
3184         }
3185
3186         ast_debug(1, "Scheduling timer at (%u requested / %u actual) timer ticks per second\n", rate, real_rate);
3187
3188         res = ast_timer_set_rate(ast_channel_timer(c), real_rate);
3189
3190         if (ast_channel_timingdata(c) && ast_test_flag(ast_channel_flags(c), AST_FLAG_TIMINGDATA_IS_AO2_OBJ)) {
3191                 ao2_ref(ast_channel_timingdata(c), -1);
3192         }
3193
3194         ast_channel_timingfunc_set(c, func);
3195         ast_channel_timingdata_set(c, data);
3196
3197         if (data && is_ao2_obj) {
3198                 ao2_ref(data, 1);
3199                 ast_set_flag(ast_channel_flags(c), AST_FLAG_TIMINGDATA_IS_AO2_OBJ);
3200         } else {
3201                 ast_clear_flag(ast_channel_flags(c), AST_FLAG_TIMINGDATA_IS_AO2_OBJ);
3202         }
3203
3204         if (func == NULL && rate == 0 && ast_channel_fdno(c) == AST_TIMING_FD) {
3205                 /* Clearing the timing func and setting the rate to 0
3206                  * means that we don't want to be reading from the timingfd
3207                  * any more. Setting c->fdno to -1 means we won't have any
3208                  * errant reads from the timingfd, meaning we won't potentially
3209                  * miss any important frames.
3210                  */
3211                 ast_channel_fdno_set(c, -1);
3212         }
3213
3214         ast_channel_unlock(c);
3215
3216         return res;
3217 }
3218
3219 int ast_waitfordigit_full(struct ast_channel *c, int timeout_ms, int audiofd, int cmdfd)
3220 {
3221         struct timeval start = ast_tvnow();
3222         int ms;
3223
3224         /* Stop if we're a zombie or need a soft hangup */
3225         if (ast_test_flag(ast_channel_flags(c), AST_FLAG_ZOMBIE) || ast_check_hangup(c))
3226                 return -1;
3227
3228         /* Only look for the end of DTMF, don't bother with the beginning and don't emulate things */
3229         ast_channel_set_flag(c, AST_FLAG_END_DTMF_ONLY);
3230
3231         /* Wait for a digit, no more than timeout_ms milliseconds total.
3232          * Or, wait indefinitely if timeout_ms is <0.
3233          */
3234         while ((ms = ast_remaining_ms(start, timeout_ms))) {
3235                 struct ast_channel *rchan;
3236                 int outfd = -1;
3237
3238                 errno = 0;
3239                 /* While ast_waitfor_nandfds tries to help by reducing the timeout by how much was waited,
3240                  * it is unhelpful if it waited less than a millisecond.
3241                  */
3242                 rchan = ast_waitfor_nandfds(&c, 1, &cmdfd, (cmdfd > -1) ? 1 : 0, NULL, &outfd, &ms);
3243
3244                 if (!rchan && outfd < 0 && ms) {
3245                         if (errno == 0 || errno == EINTR)
3246                                 continue;
3247                         ast_log(LOG_WARNING, "Wait failed (%s)\n", strerror(errno));
3248                         ast_channel_clear_flag(c, AST_FLAG_END_DTMF_ONLY);
3249                         return -1;
3250                 } else if (outfd > -1) {
3251                         /* The FD we were watching has something waiting */
3252                         ast_log(LOG_WARNING, "The FD we were waiting for has something waiting. Waitfordigit returning numeric 1\n");
3253                         ast_channel_clear_flag(c, AST_FLAG_END_DTMF_ONLY);
3254                         return 1;
3255                 } else if (rchan) {
3256                         int res;
3257                         struct ast_frame *f = ast_read(c);
3258                         if (!f)
3259                                 return -1;
3260
3261                         switch (f->frametype) {
3262                         case AST_FRAME_DTMF_BEGIN:
3263                                 break;
3264                         case AST_FRAME_DTMF_END:
3265                                 res = f->subclass.integer;
3266                                 ast_frfree(f);
3267                                 ast_channel_clear_flag(c, AST_FLAG_END_DTMF_ONLY);
3268                                 return res;
3269                         case AST_FRAME_CONTROL:
3270                                 switch (f->subclass.integer) {
3271                                 case AST_CONTROL_HANGUP:
3272                                         ast_frfree(f);
3273                                         ast_channel_clear_flag(c, AST_FLAG_END_DTMF_ONLY);
3274                                         return -1;
3275                                 case AST_CONTROL_STREAM_STOP:
3276                                 case AST_CONTROL_STREAM_SUSPEND:
3277                                 case AST_CONTROL_STREAM_RESTART:
3278                                 case AST_CONTROL_STREAM_REVERSE:
3279                                 case AST_CONTROL_STREAM_FORWARD:
3280                                         /* Fall-through and treat as if it were a DTMF signal. Items
3281                                          * that perform stream control will handle this. */
3282                                         res = f->subclass.integer;
3283                                         ast_frfree(f);
3284                                         ast_channel_clear_flag(c, AST_FLAG_END_DTMF_ONLY);
3285                                         return res;
3286                                 case AST_CONTROL_PVT_CAUSE_CODE:
3287                                 case AST_CONTROL_RINGING:
3288                                 case AST_CONTROL_ANSWER:
3289                                 case AST_CONTROL_SRCUPDATE:
3290                                 case AST_CONTROL_SRCCHANGE:
3291                                 case AST_CONTROL_CONNECTED_LINE:
3292                                 case AST_CONTROL_REDIRECTING:
3293                                 case AST_CONTROL_UPDATE_RTP_PEER:
3294                                 case AST_CONTROL_HOLD:
3295                                 case AST_CONTROL_UNHOLD:
3296                                 case -1:
3297                                         /* Unimportant */
3298                                         break;
3299                                 default:
3300                                         ast_log(LOG_WARNING, "Unexpected control subclass '%d'\n", f->subclass.integer);
3301                                         break;
3302                                 }
3303                                 break;
3304                         case AST_FRAME_VOICE:
3305                                 /* Write audio if appropriate */
3306                                 if (audiofd > -1) {
3307                                         if (write(audiofd, f->data.ptr, f->datalen) < 0) {
3308                                                 ast_log(LOG_WARNING, "write() failed: %s\n", strerror(errno));
3309                                         }
3310                                 }
3311                         default:
3312                                 /* Ignore */
3313                                 break;
3314                         }
3315                         ast_frfree(f);
3316                 }
3317         }
3318
3319         ast_channel_clear_flag(c, AST_FLAG_END_DTMF_ONLY);
3320
3321         return 0; /* Time is up */
3322 }
3323
3324 enum DtmfDirection {
3325         DTMF_RECEIVED,
3326         DTMF_SENT
3327 };
3328
3329 static const char *dtmf_direction_to_string(enum DtmfDirection direction)
3330 {
3331         switch (direction) {
3332         case DTMF_RECEIVED:
3333                 return "Received";
3334         case DTMF_SENT:
3335                 return "Sent";
3336         }
3337
3338         return "?";
3339 }
3340
3341 static void send_dtmf_begin_event(struct ast_channel *chan,
3342         enum DtmfDirection direction, const char digit)
3343 {
3344         RAII_VAR(struct ast_json *, blob, NULL, ast_json_unref);
3345         char digit_str[] = { digit, '\0' };
3346
3347         blob = ast_json_pack("{ s: s, s: s }",
3348                 "digit", digit_str,
3349                 "direction", dtmf_direction_to_string(direction));
3350         if (!blob) {
3351                 return;
3352         }
3353
3354         ast_channel_publish_cached_blob(chan, ast_channel_dtmf_begin_type(), blob);
3355 }
3356
3357 static void send_dtmf_end_event(struct ast_channel *chan,
3358         enum DtmfDirection direction, const char digit, long duration_ms)
3359 {
3360         RAII_VAR(struct ast_json *, blob, NULL, ast_json_unref);
3361         char digit_str[] = { digit, '\0' };
3362
3363         blob = ast_json_pack("{ s: s, s: s, s: i }",
3364                 "digit", digit_str,
3365                 "direction", dtmf_direction_to_string(direction),
3366                 "duration_ms", duration_ms);
3367         if (!blob) {
3368                 return;
3369         }
3370
3371         ast_channel_publish_cached_blob(chan, ast_channel_dtmf_end_type(), blob);
3372 }
3373
3374 static void ast_read_generator_actions(struct ast_channel *chan, struct ast_frame *f)
3375 {
3376         struct ast_generator *generator;
3377         void *gendata;
3378         int res;
3379         int samples;
3380
3381         generator = ast_channel_generator(chan);
3382         if (!generator
3383                 || !generator->generate
3384                 || f->frametype != AST_FRAME_VOICE
3385                 || !ast_channel_generatordata(chan)
3386                 || ast_channel_timingfunc(chan)) {
3387                 return;
3388         }
3389
3390         /*
3391          * We must generate frames in phase locked mode since
3392          * we have no internal timer available.
3393          */
3394         if (ast_format_cmp(f->subclass.format, ast_channel_writeformat(chan)) == AST_FORMAT_CMP_NOT_EQUAL) {
3395                 float factor;
3396                 factor = ((float) ast_format_get_sample_rate(ast_channel_writeformat(chan))) / ((float) ast_format_get_sample_rate(f->subclass.format));
3397                 samples = (int) (((float) f->samples) * factor);
3398         } else {
3399                 samples = f->samples;
3400         }
3401
3402         gendata = ast_channel_generatordata(chan);
3403         ast_channel_generatordata_set(chan, NULL);     /* reset, to let writes go through */
3404
3405         /*
3406          * This unlock is here based on two assumptions that hold true at
3407          * this point in the code. 1) this function is only called from
3408          * within __ast_read() and 2) all generators call ast_write() in
3409          * their generate callback.
3410          *
3411          * The reason this is added is so that when ast_write is called,
3412          * the lock that occurs there will not recursively lock the
3413          * channel.  Doing this will allow deadlock avoidance to work in
3414          * deeper functions.
3415          */
3416         ast_channel_unlock(chan);
3417         res = generator->generate(chan, gendata, f->datalen, samples);
3418         ast_channel_lock(chan);
3419         if (generator == ast_channel_generator(chan)) {
3420                 ast_channel_generatordata_set(chan, gendata);
3421                 if (res) {
3422                         ast_debug(1, "Auto-deactivating generator\n");
3423                         ast_deactivate_generator(chan);
3424                 }
3425         }
3426 }
3427
3428 static inline void queue_dtmf_readq(struct ast_channel *chan, struct ast_frame *f)
3429 {
3430         struct ast_frame *fr = ast_channel_dtmff(chan);
3431
3432         fr->frametype = AST_FRAME_DTMF_END;
3433         fr->subclass.integer = f->subclass.integer;
3434         fr->len = f->len;
3435
3436         /* The only time this function will be called is for a frame that just came
3437          * out of the channel driver.  So, we want to stick it on the tail of the
3438          * readq. */
3439
3440         ast_queue_frame(chan, fr);
3441 }
3442
3443 /*!
3444  * \brief Determine whether or not we should ignore DTMF in the readq
3445  */
3446 static inline int should_skip_dtmf(struct ast_channel *chan)
3447 {
3448         if (ast_test_flag(ast_channel_flags(chan), AST_FLAG_DEFER_DTMF | AST_FLAG_EMULATE_DTMF)) {
3449                 /* We're in the middle of emulating a digit, or DTMF has been
3450                  * explicitly deferred.  Skip this digit, then. */
3451                 return 1;
3452         }
3453
3454         if (!ast_tvzero(*ast_channel_dtmf_tv(chan)) &&
3455                         ast_tvdiff_ms(ast_tvnow(), *ast_channel_dtmf_tv(chan)) < AST_MIN_DTMF_GAP) {
3456                 /* We're not in the middle of a digit, but it hasn't been long enough
3457                  * since the last digit, so we'll have to skip DTMF for now. */
3458                 return 1;
3459         }
3460
3461         return 0;
3462 }
3463
3464 /*!
3465  * \brief calculates the number of samples to jump forward with in a monitor stream.
3466
3467  * \note When using ast_seekstream() with the read and write streams of a monitor,
3468  * the number of samples to seek forward must be of the same sample rate as the stream
3469  * or else the jump will not be calculated correctly.
3470  *
3471  * \retval number of samples to seek forward after rate conversion.
3472  */
3473 static inline int calc_monitor_jump(int samples, int sample_rate, int seek_rate)
3474 {
3475         int diff = sample_rate - seek_rate;
3476
3477         if (diff > 0) {
3478                 samples = samples / (float) (sample_rate / seek_rate);
3479         } else if (diff < 0) {
3480                 samples = samples * (float) (seek_rate / sample_rate);
3481         }
3482
3483         return samples;
3484 }
3485
3486 static struct ast_frame *__ast_read(struct ast_channel *chan, int dropaudio, int dropnondefault)
3487 {
3488         struct ast_frame *f = NULL;     /* the return value */
3489         int prestate;
3490         int cause = 0;
3491         struct ast_stream *stream = NULL, *default_stream = NULL;
3492
3493         /* this function is very long so make sure there is only one return
3494          * point at the end (there are only two exceptions to this).
3495          */
3496         ast_channel_lock(chan);
3497
3498         /* Stop if we're a zombie or need a soft hangup */
3499         if (ast_test_flag(ast_channel_flags(chan), AST_FLAG_ZOMBIE) || ast_check_hangup(chan)) {
3500                 if (ast_channel_generator(chan))
3501                         ast_deactivate_generator(chan);
3502
3503                 /*
3504                  * It is possible for chan->_softhangup to be set and there
3505                  * still be control frames that need to be read.  Instead of
3506                  * just going to 'done' in the case of ast_check_hangup(), we
3507                  * need to queue the end-of-Q frame so that it can mark the end
3508                  * of the read queue.  If there are frames to be read,
3509                  * ast_queue_control() will be called repeatedly, but will only
3510                  * queue the first end-of-Q frame.
3511                  */
3512                 if (ast_channel_softhangup_internal_flag(chan)) {
3513                         ast_queue_control(chan, AST_CONTROL_END_OF_Q);
3514                 } else {
3515                         goto done;
3516                 }
3517         } else {
3518 #ifdef AST_DEVMODE
3519                 /*
3520                  * The ast_waitfor() code records which of the channel's file
3521                  * descriptors reported that data is available.  In theory,
3522                  * ast_read() should only be called after ast_waitfor() reports
3523                  * that a channel has data available for reading.  However,
3524                  * there still may be some edge cases throughout the code where
3525                  * ast_read() is called improperly.  This can potentially cause
3526                  * problems, so if this is a developer build, make a lot of
3527                  * noise if this happens so that it can be addressed.
3528                  *
3529                  * One of the potential problems is blocking on a dead channel.
3530                  */
3531                 if (ast_channel_fdno(chan) == -1) {
3532                         ast_log(LOG_ERROR,
3533                                 "ast_read() on chan '%s' called with no recorded file descriptor.\n",
3534                                 ast_channel_name(chan));
3535                 }
3536 #endif
3537         }
3538
3539         prestate = ast_channel_state(chan);
3540
3541         if (ast_channel_timingfd(chan) > -1 && ast_channel_fdno(chan) == AST_TIMING_FD) {
3542                 enum ast_timer_event res;
3543
3544                 ast_clear_flag(ast_channel_flags(chan), AST_FLAG_EXCEPTION);
3545
3546                 res = ast_timer_get_event(ast_channel_timer(chan));
3547
3548                 switch (res) {
3549                 case AST_TIMING_EVENT_EXPIRED:
3550                         if (ast_timer_ack(ast_channel_timer(chan), 1) < 0) {
3551                                 ast_log(LOG_ERROR, "Failed to acknoweldge timer in ast_read\n");
3552                                 goto done;
3553                         }
3554
3555                         if (ast_channel_timingfunc(chan)) {
3556                                 /* save a copy of func/data before unlocking the channel */
3557                                 ast_timing_func_t func = ast_channel_timingfunc(chan);
3558                                 void *data = ast_channel_timingdata(chan);
3559                                 int got_ref = 0;
3560                                 if (data && ast_test_flag(ast_channel_flags(chan), AST_FLAG_TIMINGDATA_IS_AO2_OBJ)) {
3561                                         ao2_ref(data, 1);
3562                                         got_ref = 1;
3563                                 }
3564                                 ast_channel_fdno_set(chan, -1);
3565                                 ast_channel_unlock(chan);
3566                                 func(data);
3567                                 if (got_ref) {
3568                                         ao2_ref(data, -1);
3569                                 }
3570                         } else {
3571                                 ast_timer_set_rate(ast_channel_timer(chan), 0);
3572                                 ast_channel_fdno_set(chan, -1);
3573                                 ast_channel_unlock(chan);
3574                         }
3575
3576                         /* cannot 'goto done' because the channel is already unlocked */
3577                         return &ast_null_frame;
3578
3579                 case AST_TIMING_EVENT_CONTINUOUS:
3580                         if (AST_LIST_EMPTY(ast_channel_readq(chan)) ||
3581                                 !AST_LIST_NEXT(AST_LIST_FIRST(ast_channel_readq(chan)), frame_list)) {
3582                                 ast_timer_disable_continuous(ast_channel_timer(chan));
3583                         }
3584                         break;
3585                 }
3586
3587         } else if (ast_channel_fd_isset(chan, AST_GENERATOR_FD) && ast_channel_fdno(chan) == AST_GENERATOR_FD) {
3588                 /* if the AST_GENERATOR_FD is set, call the generator with args
3589                  * set to -1 so it can do whatever it needs to.
3590                  */
3591                 void *tmp = ast_channel_generatordata(chan);
3592                 ast_channel_generatordata_set(chan, NULL);     /* reset to let ast_write get through */
3593                 ast_channel_generator(chan)->generate(chan, tmp, -1, -1);
3594                 ast_channel_generatordata_set(chan, tmp);
3595                 f = &ast_null_frame;
3596                 ast_channel_fdno_set(chan, -1);
3597                 goto done;
3598         } else if (ast_channel_fd_isset(chan, AST_JITTERBUFFER_FD) && ast_channel_fdno(chan) == AST_JITTERBUFFER_FD) {
3599                 ast_clear_flag(ast_channel_flags(chan), AST_FLAG_EXCEPTION);
3600         }
3601
3602         /* Read and ignore anything on the alertpipe, but read only
3603            one sizeof(blah) per frame that we send from it */
3604         if (ast_channel_internal_alert_read(chan) == AST_ALERT_READ_FATAL) {
3605                 f = &ast_null_frame;
3606                 goto done;
3607         }
3608
3609         /* Check for pending read queue */
3610         if (!AST_LIST_EMPTY(ast_channel_readq(chan))) {
3611                 int skip_dtmf = should_skip_dtmf(chan);
3612
3613                 AST_LIST_TRAVERSE_SAFE_BEGIN(ast_channel_readq(chan), f, frame_list) {
3614                         /* We have to be picky about which frame we pull off of the readq because
3615                          * there are cases where we want to leave DTMF frames on the queue until
3616                          * some later time. */
3617
3618                         if ( (f->frametype == AST_FRAME_DTMF_BEGIN || f->frametype == AST_FRAME_DTMF_END) && skip_dtmf) {
3619                                 continue;
3620                         }
3621
3622                         AST_LIST_REMOVE_CURRENT(frame_list);
3623                         break;
3624                 }
3625                 AST_LIST_TRAVERSE_SAFE_END;
3626
3627                 if (!f) {
3628                         /* There were no acceptable frames on the readq. */
3629                         f = &ast_null_frame;
3630                         ast_channel_alert_write(chan);
3631                 }
3632
3633                 /* Interpret hangup and end-of-Q frames to return NULL */
3634                 /* XXX why not the same for frames from the channel ? */
3635                 if (f->frametype == AST_FRAME_CONTROL) {
3636                         switch (f->subclass.integer) {
3637                         case AST_CONTROL_HANGUP:
3638                                 ast_channel_softhangup_internal_flag_add(chan, AST_SOFTHANGUP_DEV);
3639                                 cause = f->data.uint32;
3640                                 /* Fall through */
3641                         case AST_CONTROL_END_OF_Q:
3642                                 ast_frfree(f);
3643                                 f = NULL;
3644                                 break;
3645                         default:
3646                                 break;
3647                         }
3648                 } else if (f->frametype == AST_FRAME_VOICE || f->frametype == AST_FRAME_VIDEO) {
3649                         if (ast_channel_tech(chan) && ast_channel_tech(chan)->read_stream) {
3650                                 stream = ast_stream_topology_get_stream(ast_channel_get_stream_topology(chan), f->stream_num);
3651                                 default_stream = ast_channel_get_default_stream(chan, ast_format_get_type(f->subclass.format));
3652                         } else {
3653                                 /* Since this channel driver does not support multistream determine the default stream this frame
3654                                  * originated from and update the frame to include it.
3655                                  */
3656                                 stream = default_stream = ast_channel_get_default_stream(chan, ast_format_get_type(f->subclass.format));
3657                                 f->stream_num = ast_stream_get_position(stream);
3658                         }
3659                 }
3660         } else {
3661                 ast_channel_blocker_set(chan, pthread_self());
3662                 if (ast_test_flag(ast_channel_flags(chan), AST_FLAG_EXCEPTION)) {
3663                         if (ast_channel_tech(chan)->exception)
3664                                 f = ast_channel_tech(chan)->exception(chan);
3665                         else {
3666                                 ast_log(LOG_WARNING, "Exception flag set on '%s', but no exception handler\n", ast_channel_name(chan));
3667                                 f = &ast_null_frame;
3668                         }
3669                         /* Clear the exception flag */
3670                         ast_clear_flag(ast_channel_flags(chan), AST_FLAG_EXCEPTION);
3671                 } else if (ast_channel_tech(chan) && ast_channel_tech(chan)->read_stream) {
3672                         f = ast_channel_tech(chan)->read_stream(chan);
3673
3674                         /* This channel driver supports multistream so the stream_num on the frame is valid, the only
3675                          * thing different is that we need to find the default stream so we know whether to invoke the
3676                          * default stream logic or not (such as transcoding).
3677                          */
3678                         if (f && (f->frametype == AST_FRAME_VOICE || f->frametype == AST_FRAME_VIDEO)) {
3679                                 stream = ast_stream_topology_get_stream(ast_channel_get_stream_topology(chan), f->stream_num);
3680                                 default_stream = ast_channel_get_default_stream(chan, ast_format_get_type(f->subclass.format));
3681                         }
3682                 } else if (ast_channel_tech(chan) && ast_channel_tech(chan)->read) {
3683                         f = ast_channel_tech(chan)->read(chan);
3684
3685                         /* Since this channel driver does not support multistream determine the default stream this frame
3686                          * originated from and update the frame to include it.
3687                          */
3688                         if (f && (f->frametype == AST_FRAME_VOICE || f->frametype == AST_FRAME_VIDEO)) {
3689                                 stream = default_stream = ast_channel_get_default_stream(chan, ast_format_get_type(f->subclass.format));
3690                                 f->stream_num = ast_stream_get_position(stream);
3691                         }
3692                 }
3693                 else
3694                         ast_log(LOG_WARNING, "No read routine on channel %s\n", ast_channel_name(chan));
3695         }
3696
3697         if (stream == default_stream) {
3698                 /* Perform the framehook read event here. After the frame enters the framehook list
3699                  * there is no telling what will happen, <insert mad scientist laugh here>!!! */
3700                 f = ast_framehook_list_read_event(ast_channel_framehooks(chan), f);
3701         }
3702
3703         /*
3704          * Reset the recorded file descriptor that triggered this read so that we can
3705          * easily detect when ast_read() is called without properly using ast_waitfor().
3706          */
3707         ast_channel_fdno_set(chan, -1);
3708
3709         if (f) {
3710                 struct ast_frame *readq_tail = AST_LIST_LAST(ast_channel_readq(chan));
3711                 struct ast_control_read_action_payload *read_action_payload;
3712                 struct ast_party_connected_line connected;
3713                 int hooked = 0;
3714
3715                 /* if the channel driver returned more than one frame, stuff the excess
3716                    into the readq for the next ast_read call
3717                 */
3718                 if (AST_LIST_NEXT(f, frame_list)) {
3719                         ast_queue_frame(chan, AST_LIST_NEXT(f, frame_list));
3720                         ast_frfree(AST_LIST_NEXT(f, frame_list));
3721                         AST_LIST_NEXT(f, frame_list) = NULL;
3722                 }
3723
3724                 if (dropnondefault && stream != default_stream) {
3725                         /* If the frame originates from a non-default stream and the caller can not handle other streams
3726                          * absorb the frame and replace it with a null one instead.
3727                          */
3728                         ast_frfree(f);
3729                         f = &ast_null_frame;
3730                 }
3731
3732                 switch (f->frametype) {
3733                 case AST_FRAME_CONTROL:
3734                         if (f->subclass.integer == AST_CONTROL_ANSWER) {
3735                                 if (prestate == AST_STATE_UP && ast_channel_is_bridged(chan)) {
3736                                         ast_debug(1, "Dropping duplicate answer!\n");
3737                                         ast_frfree(f);
3738                                         f = &ast_null_frame;
3739                                 } else {
3740                                         /*
3741                                          * Mark when outgoing channel answered so we can know how
3742                                          * long the channel has been up.
3743                                          */
3744                                         set_channel_answer_time(chan);
3745
3746                                         ast_setstate(chan, AST_STATE_UP);
3747                                 }
3748                         } else if (f->subclass.integer == AST_CONTROL_READ_ACTION) {
3749                                 read_action_payload = f->data.ptr;
3750                                 switch (read_action_payload->action) {
3751                                 case AST_FRAME_READ_ACTION_CONNECTED_LINE_MACRO:
3752                                         ast_party_connected_line_init(&connected);
3753                                         ast_party_connected_line_copy(&connected, ast_channel_connected(chan));
3754                                         if (ast_connected_line_parse_data(read_action_payload->payload,
3755                                                 read_action_payload->payload_size, &connected)) {
3756                                                 ast_party_connected_line_free(&connected);
3757                                                 break;
3758                                         }
3759                                         ast_channel_unlock(chan);
3760                                         if (ast_channel_connected_line_sub(NULL, chan, &connected, 0) &&
3761                                                 ast_channel_connected_line_macro(NULL, chan, &connected, 1, 0)) {
3762                                                 ast_indicate_data(chan, AST_CONTROL_CONNECTED_LINE,
3763                                                         read_action_payload->payload,
3764                                                         read_action_payload->payload_size);
3765                                         }
3766                                         ast_party_connected_line_free(&connected);
3767                                         ast_channel_lock(chan);
3768                                         break;
3769                                 }
3770                                 ast_frfree(f);
3771                                 f = &ast_null_frame;
3772                         } else if (f->subclass.integer == AST_CONTROL_STREAM_TOPOLOGY_REQUEST_CHANGE && dropnondefault) {
3773                                 /* The caller of this function is incapable of handling streams so we don't accept the change request
3774                                  * and stick to the streams currently on the channel.
3775                                  */
3776                                 ast_channel_stream_topology_changed(chan, ast_channel_get_stream_topology(chan));
3777                                 ast_frfree(f);
3778                                 f = &ast_null_frame;
3779                         } else if (f->subclass.integer == AST_CONTROL_STREAM_TOPOLOGY_CHANGED && dropnondefault) {
3780                                 /* The caller of this function is incapable of handling streams so we absord the notification that the
3781                                  * stream topology has changed.
3782                                  */
3783                                 ast_frfree(f);
3784                                 f = &ast_null_frame;
3785                         }
3786                         break;
3787                 case AST_FRAME_DTMF_END:
3788                         send_dtmf_end_event(chan, DTMF_RECEIVED, f->subclass.integer, f->len);
3789                         ast_log(LOG_DTMF, "DTMF end '%c' received on %s, duration %ld ms\n", f->subclass.integer, ast_channel_name(chan), f->len);
3790                         /* Queue it up if DTMF is deferred, or if DTMF emulation is forced. */
3791                         if (ast_test_flag(ast_channel_flags(chan), AST_FLAG_DEFER_DTMF) || ast_test_flag(ast_channel_flags(chan), AST_FLAG_EMULATE_DTMF)) {
3792                                 queue_dtmf_readq(chan, f);
3793                                 ast_frfree(f);
3794                                 f = &ast_null_frame;
3795                         } else if (!ast_test_flag(ast_channel_flags(chan), AST_FLAG_IN_DTMF | AST_FLAG_END_DTMF_ONLY)) {
3796                                 if (!ast_tvzero(*ast_channel_dtmf_tv(chan)) &&
3797                                     ast_tvdiff_ms(ast_tvnow(), *ast_channel_dtmf_tv(chan)) < AST_MIN_DTMF_GAP) {
3798                                         /* If it hasn't been long enough, defer this digit */
3799                                         queue_dtmf_readq(chan, f);
3800                                         ast_frfree(f);
3801                                         f = &ast_null_frame;
3802                                 } else {
3803                                         /* There was no begin, turn this into a begin and send the end later */
3804                              &nbs