Named ACLs: Introduces a system for creating and sharing ACLs
[asterisk/asterisk.git] / main / config.c
1 /*
2  * Asterisk -- An open source telephony toolkit.
3  *
4  * Copyright (C) 1999 - 2010, Digium, Inc.
5  *
6  * Mark Spencer <markster@digium.com>
7  *
8  * See http://www.asterisk.org for more information about
9  * the Asterisk project. Please do not directly contact
10  * any of the maintainers of this project for assistance;
11  * the project provides a web site, mailing lists and IRC
12  * channels for your use.
13  *
14  * This program is free software, distributed under the terms of
15  * the GNU General Public License Version 2. See the LICENSE file
16  * at the top of the source tree.
17  */
18
19 /*! \file
20  *
21  * \brief Configuration File Parser
22  *
23  * \author Mark Spencer <markster@digium.com>
24  *
25  * Includes the Asterisk Realtime API - ARA
26  * See http://wiki.asterisk.org
27  */
28
29 /*** MODULEINFO
30         <support_level>core</support_level>
31  ***/
32
33 #include "asterisk.h"
34
35 ASTERISK_FILE_VERSION(__FILE__, "$Revision$")
36
37 #include "asterisk/paths.h"     /* use ast_config_AST_CONFIG_DIR */
38 #include "asterisk/network.h"   /* we do some sockaddr manipulation here */
39 #include <time.h>
40 #include <sys/stat.h>
41
42 #include <math.h>       /* HUGE_VAL */
43
44 #define AST_INCLUDE_GLOB 1
45
46 #include "asterisk/config.h"
47 #include "asterisk/cli.h"
48 #include "asterisk/lock.h"
49 #include "asterisk/utils.h"
50 #include "asterisk/channel.h"
51 #include "asterisk/app.h"
52 #include "asterisk/astobj2.h"
53 #include "asterisk/strings.h"   /* for the ast_str_*() API */
54 #include "asterisk/netsock2.h"
55
56 #define MAX_NESTED_COMMENTS 128
57 #define COMMENT_START ";--"
58 #define COMMENT_END "--;"
59 #define COMMENT_META ';'
60 #define COMMENT_TAG '-'
61
62 /*!
63  * Define the minimum filename space to reserve for each
64  * ast_variable in case the filename is renamed later by
65  * ast_include_rename().
66  */
67 #define MIN_VARIABLE_FNAME_SPACE        40
68
69 static char *extconfig_conf = "extconfig.conf";
70
71 static struct ao2_container *cfg_hooks;
72 static void config_hook_exec(const char *filename, const char *module, struct ast_config *cfg);
73
74 /*! \brief Structure to keep comments for rewriting configuration files */
75 struct ast_comment {
76         struct ast_comment *next;
77         /*! Comment body allocated after struct. */
78         char cmt[0];
79 };
80
81 /*! \brief Hold the mtime for config files, so if we don't need to reread our config, don't. */
82 struct cache_file_include {
83         AST_LIST_ENTRY(cache_file_include) list;
84         char include[0];
85 };
86
87 struct cache_file_mtime {
88         AST_LIST_ENTRY(cache_file_mtime) list;
89         AST_LIST_HEAD_NOLOCK(includes, cache_file_include) includes;
90         unsigned int has_exec:1;
91         time_t mtime;
92
93         /*! String stuffed in filename[] after the filename string. */
94         const char *who_asked;
95         /*! Filename and who_asked stuffed after it. */
96         char filename[0];
97 };
98
99 /*! Cached file mtime list. */
100 static AST_LIST_HEAD_STATIC(cfmtime_head, cache_file_mtime);
101
102 static int init_appendbuf(void *data)
103 {
104         struct ast_str **str = data;
105         *str = ast_str_create(16);
106         return *str ? 0 : -1;
107 }
108
109 AST_THREADSTORAGE_CUSTOM(appendbuf, init_appendbuf, ast_free_ptr);
110
111 /* comment buffers are better implemented using the ast_str_*() API */
112 #define CB_SIZE 250     /* initial size of comment buffers */
113
114 static void  CB_ADD(struct ast_str **cb, const char *str)
115 {
116         ast_str_append(cb, 0, "%s", str);
117 }
118
119 static void  CB_ADD_LEN(struct ast_str **cb, const char *str, int len)
120 {
121         char *s = alloca(len + 1);
122         ast_copy_string(s, str, len);
123         ast_str_append(cb, 0, "%s", str);
124 }
125
126 static void CB_RESET(struct ast_str *cb, struct ast_str *llb)
127 {
128         if (cb) {
129                 ast_str_reset(cb);
130         }
131         if (llb) {
132                 ast_str_reset(llb);
133         }
134 }
135
136 static struct ast_comment *ALLOC_COMMENT(struct ast_str *buffer)
137 {
138         struct ast_comment *x = NULL;
139         if (!buffer || !ast_str_strlen(buffer)) {
140                 return NULL;
141         }
142         if ((x = ast_calloc(1, sizeof(*x) + ast_str_strlen(buffer) + 1))) {
143                 strcpy(x->cmt, ast_str_buffer(buffer)); /* SAFE */
144         }
145         return x;
146 }
147
148 /* I need to keep track of each config file, and all its inclusions,
149    so that we can track blank lines in each */
150
151 struct inclfile {
152         char *fname;
153         int lineno;
154 };
155
156 static int hash_string(const void *obj, const int flags)
157 {
158         char *str = ((struct inclfile *) obj)->fname;
159         int total;
160
161         for (total = 0; *str; str++) {
162                 unsigned int tmp = total;
163                 total <<= 1; /* multiply by 2 */
164                 total += tmp; /* multiply by 3 */
165                 total <<= 2; /* multiply by 12 */
166                 total += tmp; /* multiply by 13 */
167
168                 total += ((unsigned int) (*str));
169         }
170         if (total < 0) {
171                 total = -total;
172         }
173         return total;
174 }
175
176 static int hashtab_compare_strings(void *a, void *b, int flags)
177 {
178         const struct inclfile *ae = a, *be = b;
179         return !strcmp(ae->fname, be->fname) ? CMP_MATCH | CMP_STOP : 0;
180 }
181
182 static struct ast_config_map {
183         struct ast_config_map *next;
184         int priority;
185         /*! Stored in stuff[] at struct end. */
186         const char *name;
187         /*! Stored in stuff[] at struct end. */
188         const char *driver;
189         /*! Stored in stuff[] at struct end. */
190         const char *database;
191         /*! Stored in stuff[] at struct end. */
192         const char *table;
193         /*! Contents of name, driver, database, and table in that order stuffed here. */
194         char stuff[0];
195 } *config_maps = NULL;
196
197 AST_MUTEX_DEFINE_STATIC(config_lock);
198 static struct ast_config_engine *config_engine_list;
199
200 #define MAX_INCLUDE_LEVEL 10
201
202 struct ast_category_template_instance {
203         char name[80]; /* redundant? */
204         const struct ast_category *inst;
205         AST_LIST_ENTRY(ast_category_template_instance) next;
206 };
207
208 struct ast_category {
209         char name[80];
210         int ignored;                    /*!< do not let user of the config see this category -- set by (!) after the category decl; a template */
211         int include_level;
212         /*!
213          * \brief The file name from whence this declaration was read
214          * \note Will never be NULL
215          */
216         char *file;
217         int lineno;
218         AST_LIST_HEAD_NOLOCK(template_instance_list, ast_category_template_instance) template_instances;
219         struct ast_comment *precomments;
220         struct ast_comment *sameline;
221         struct ast_comment *trailing; /*!< the last object in the list will get assigned any trailing comments when EOF is hit */
222         /*! First category variable in the list. */
223         struct ast_variable *root;
224         /*! Last category variable in the list. */
225         struct ast_variable *last;
226         /*! Next node in the list. */
227         struct ast_category *next;
228 };
229
230 struct ast_config {
231         /*! First config category in the list. */
232         struct ast_category *root;
233         /*! Last config category in the list. */
234         struct ast_category *last;
235         struct ast_category *current;
236         struct ast_category *last_browse;     /*!< used to cache the last category supplied via category_browse */
237         int include_level;
238         int max_include_level;
239         struct ast_config_include *includes;  /*!< a list of inclusions, which should describe the entire tree */
240 };
241
242 struct ast_config_include {
243         /*!
244          * \brief file name in which the include occurs
245          * \note Will never be NULL
246          */
247         char *include_location_file;
248         int  include_location_lineno;    /*!< lineno where include occurred */
249         int  exec;                       /*!< set to non-zero if its a #exec statement */
250         /*!
251          * \brief if it's an exec, you'll have both the /var/tmp to read, and the original script
252          * \note Will never be NULL if exec is non-zero
253          */
254         char *exec_file;
255         /*!
256          * \brief file name included
257          * \note Will never be NULL
258          */
259         char *included_file;
260         int inclusion_count;             /*!< if the file is included more than once, a running count thereof -- but, worry not,
261                                               we explode the instances and will include those-- so all entries will be unique */
262         int output;                      /*!< a flag to indicate if the inclusion has been output */
263         struct ast_config_include *next; /*!< ptr to next inclusion in the list */
264 };
265
266 static void ast_variable_destroy(struct ast_variable *doomed);
267 static void ast_includes_destroy(struct ast_config_include *incls);
268
269 #ifdef MALLOC_DEBUG
270 struct ast_variable *_ast_variable_new(const char *name, const char *value, const char *filename, const char *file, const char *func, int lineno)
271 #else
272 struct ast_variable *ast_variable_new(const char *name, const char *value, const char *filename)
273 #endif
274 {
275         struct ast_variable *variable;
276         int name_len = strlen(name) + 1;
277         int val_len = strlen(value) + 1;
278         int fn_len = strlen(filename) + 1;
279
280         /* Ensure a minimum length in case the filename is changed later. */
281         if (fn_len < MIN_VARIABLE_FNAME_SPACE) {
282                 fn_len = MIN_VARIABLE_FNAME_SPACE;
283         }
284
285         if (
286 #ifdef MALLOC_DEBUG
287                 (variable = __ast_calloc(1, fn_len + name_len + val_len + sizeof(*variable), file, lineno, func))
288 #else
289                 (variable = ast_calloc(1, fn_len + name_len + val_len + sizeof(*variable)))
290 #endif
291                 ) {
292                 char *dst = variable->stuff;    /* writable space starts here */
293
294                 /* Put file first so ast_include_rename() can calculate space available. */
295                 variable->file = strcpy(dst, filename);
296                 dst += fn_len;
297                 variable->name = strcpy(dst, name);
298                 dst += name_len;
299                 variable->value = strcpy(dst, value);
300         }
301         return variable;
302 }
303
304 /*!
305  * \internal
306  * \brief Move the contents from the source to the destination variable.
307  *
308  * \param dst_var Destination variable node
309  * \param src_var Source variable node
310  *
311  * \return Nothing
312  */
313 static void ast_variable_move(struct ast_variable *dst_var, struct ast_variable *src_var)
314 {
315         dst_var->lineno = src_var->lineno;
316         dst_var->object = src_var->object;
317         dst_var->blanklines = src_var->blanklines;
318         dst_var->precomments = src_var->precomments;
319         src_var->precomments = NULL;
320         dst_var->sameline = src_var->sameline;
321         src_var->sameline = NULL;
322         dst_var->trailing = src_var->trailing;
323         src_var->trailing = NULL;
324 }
325
326 struct ast_config_include *ast_include_new(struct ast_config *conf, const char *from_file, const char *included_file, int is_exec, const char *exec_file, int from_lineno, char *real_included_file_name, int real_included_file_name_size)
327 {
328         /* a file should be included ONCE. Otherwise, if one of the instances is changed,
329          * then all be changed. -- how do we know to include it? -- Handling modified
330          * instances is possible, I'd have
331          * to create a new master for each instance. */
332         struct ast_config_include *inc;
333         struct stat statbuf;
334
335         inc = ast_include_find(conf, included_file);
336         if (inc) {
337                 do {
338                         inc->inclusion_count++;
339                         snprintf(real_included_file_name, real_included_file_name_size, "%s~~%d", included_file, inc->inclusion_count);
340                 } while (stat(real_included_file_name, &statbuf) == 0);
341                 ast_log(LOG_WARNING,"'%s', line %d:  Same File included more than once! This data will be saved in %s if saved back to disk.\n", from_file, from_lineno, real_included_file_name);
342         } else
343                 *real_included_file_name = 0;
344
345         inc = ast_calloc(1,sizeof(struct ast_config_include));
346         if (!inc) {
347                 return NULL;
348         }
349         inc->include_location_file = ast_strdup(from_file);
350         inc->include_location_lineno = from_lineno;
351         if (!ast_strlen_zero(real_included_file_name))
352                 inc->included_file = ast_strdup(real_included_file_name);
353         else
354                 inc->included_file = ast_strdup(included_file);
355
356         inc->exec = is_exec;
357         if (is_exec)
358                 inc->exec_file = ast_strdup(exec_file);
359
360         if (!inc->include_location_file
361                 || !inc->included_file
362                 || (is_exec && !inc->exec_file)) {
363                 ast_includes_destroy(inc);
364                 return NULL;
365         }
366
367         /* attach this new struct to the conf struct */
368         inc->next = conf->includes;
369         conf->includes = inc;
370
371         return inc;
372 }
373
374 void ast_include_rename(struct ast_config *conf, const char *from_file, const char *to_file)
375 {
376         struct ast_config_include *incl;
377         struct ast_category *cat;
378         char *str;
379
380         int from_len = strlen(from_file);
381         int to_len = strlen(to_file);
382
383         if (strcmp(from_file, to_file) == 0) /* no use wasting time if the name is the same */
384                 return;
385
386         /* the manager code allows you to read in one config file, then
387          * write it back out under a different name. But, the new arrangement
388          * ties output lines to the file name. So, before you try to write
389          * the config file to disk, better riffle thru the data and make sure
390          * the file names are changed.
391          */
392         /* file names are on categories, includes (of course), and on variables. So,
393          * traverse all this and swap names */
394
395         for (incl = conf->includes; incl; incl=incl->next) {
396                 if (strcmp(incl->include_location_file,from_file) == 0) {
397                         if (from_len >= to_len)
398                                 strcpy(incl->include_location_file, to_file);
399                         else {
400                                 /* Keep the old filename if the allocation fails. */
401                                 str = ast_strdup(to_file);
402                                 if (str) {
403                                         ast_free(incl->include_location_file);
404                                         incl->include_location_file = str;
405                                 }
406                         }
407                 }
408         }
409         for (cat = conf->root; cat; cat = cat->next) {
410                 struct ast_variable **prev;
411                 struct ast_variable *v;
412                 struct ast_variable *new_var;
413
414                 if (strcmp(cat->file,from_file) == 0) {
415                         if (from_len >= to_len)
416                                 strcpy(cat->file, to_file);
417                         else {
418                                 /* Keep the old filename if the allocation fails. */
419                                 str = ast_strdup(to_file);
420                                 if (str) {
421                                         ast_free(cat->file);
422                                         cat->file = str;
423                                 }
424                         }
425                 }
426                 for (prev = &cat->root, v = cat->root; v; prev = &v->next, v = v->next) {
427                         if (strcmp(v->file, from_file)) {
428                                 continue;
429                         }
430
431                         /*
432                          * Calculate actual space available.  The file string is
433                          * intentionally stuffed before the name string just so we can
434                          * do this.
435                          */
436                         if (to_len < v->name - v->file) {
437                                 /* The new name will fit in the available space. */
438                                 str = (char *) v->file;/* Stupid compiler complains about discarding qualifiers even though I used a cast. */
439                                 strcpy(str, to_file);/* SAFE */
440                                 continue;
441                         }
442
443                         /* Keep the old filename if the allocation fails. */
444                         new_var = ast_variable_new(v->name, v->value, to_file);
445                         if (!new_var) {
446                                 continue;
447                         }
448
449                         /* Move items from the old list node to the replacement node. */
450                         ast_variable_move(new_var, v);
451
452                         /* Replace the old node in the list with the new node. */
453                         new_var->next = v->next;
454                         if (cat->last == v) {
455                                 cat->last = new_var;
456                         }
457                         *prev = new_var;
458
459                         ast_variable_destroy(v);
460
461                         v = new_var;
462                 }
463         }
464 }
465
466 struct ast_config_include *ast_include_find(struct ast_config *conf, const char *included_file)
467 {
468         struct ast_config_include *x;
469         for (x=conf->includes;x;x=x->next) {
470                 if (strcmp(x->included_file,included_file) == 0)
471                         return x;
472         }
473         return 0;
474 }
475
476
477 void ast_variable_append(struct ast_category *category, struct ast_variable *variable)
478 {
479         if (!variable)
480                 return;
481         if (category->last)
482                 category->last->next = variable;
483         else
484                 category->root = variable;
485         category->last = variable;
486         while (category->last->next)
487                 category->last = category->last->next;
488 }
489
490 void ast_variable_insert(struct ast_category *category, struct ast_variable *variable, const char *line)
491 {
492         struct ast_variable *cur = category->root;
493         int lineno;
494         int insertline;
495
496         if (!variable || sscanf(line, "%30d", &insertline) != 1) {
497                 return;
498         }
499         if (!insertline) {
500                 variable->next = category->root;
501                 category->root = variable;
502         } else {
503                 for (lineno = 1; lineno < insertline; lineno++) {
504                         cur = cur->next;
505                         if (!cur->next) {
506                                 break;
507                         }
508                 }
509                 variable->next = cur->next;
510                 cur->next = variable;
511         }
512 }
513
514 static void ast_comment_destroy(struct ast_comment **comment)
515 {
516         struct ast_comment *n, *p;
517
518         for (p = *comment; p; p = n) {
519                 n = p->next;
520                 ast_free(p);
521         }
522
523         *comment = NULL;
524 }
525
526 static void ast_variable_destroy(struct ast_variable *doomed)
527 {
528         ast_comment_destroy(&doomed->precomments);
529         ast_comment_destroy(&doomed->sameline);
530         ast_comment_destroy(&doomed->trailing);
531         ast_free(doomed);
532 }
533
534 struct ast_variable *ast_variables_dup(struct ast_variable *var)
535 {
536         struct ast_variable *cloned;
537         struct ast_variable *tmp;
538
539         if (!(cloned = ast_variable_new(var->name, var->value, var->file))) {
540                 return NULL;
541         }
542
543         tmp = cloned;
544
545         while ((var = var->next)) {
546                 if (!(tmp->next = ast_variable_new(var->name, var->value, var->file))) {
547                         ast_variables_destroy(cloned);
548                         return NULL;
549                 }
550                 tmp = tmp->next;
551         }
552
553         return cloned;
554 }
555
556 void ast_variables_destroy(struct ast_variable *v)
557 {
558         struct ast_variable *vn;
559
560         while (v) {
561                 vn = v;
562                 v = v->next;
563                 ast_variable_destroy(vn);
564         }
565 }
566
567 struct ast_variable *ast_variable_browse(const struct ast_config *config, const char *category)
568 {
569         struct ast_category *cat = NULL;
570
571         if (!category) {
572                 return NULL;
573         }
574
575         if (config->last_browse && (config->last_browse->name == category)) {
576                 cat = config->last_browse;
577         } else {
578                 cat = ast_category_get(config, category);
579         }
580
581         return (cat) ? cat->root : NULL;
582 }
583
584 const char *ast_config_option(struct ast_config *cfg, const char *cat, const char *var)
585 {
586         const char *tmp;
587         tmp = ast_variable_retrieve(cfg, cat, var);
588         if (!tmp) {
589                 tmp = ast_variable_retrieve(cfg, "general", var);
590         }
591         return tmp;
592 }
593
594
595 const char *ast_variable_retrieve(const struct ast_config *config, const char *category, const char *variable)
596 {
597         struct ast_variable *v;
598
599         if (category) {
600                 for (v = ast_variable_browse(config, category); v; v = v->next) {
601                         if (!strcasecmp(variable, v->name)) {
602                                 return v->value;
603                         }
604                 }
605         } else {
606                 struct ast_category *cat;
607
608                 for (cat = config->root; cat; cat = cat->next) {
609                         for (v = cat->root; v; v = v->next) {
610                                 if (!strcasecmp(variable, v->name)) {
611                                         return v->value;
612                                 }
613                         }
614                 }
615         }
616
617         return NULL;
618 }
619
620 static struct ast_variable *variable_clone(const struct ast_variable *old)
621 {
622         struct ast_variable *new = ast_variable_new(old->name, old->value, old->file);
623
624         if (new) {
625                 new->lineno = old->lineno;
626                 new->object = old->object;
627                 new->blanklines = old->blanklines;
628                 /* TODO: clone comments? */
629         }
630
631         return new;
632 }
633
634 static void move_variables(struct ast_category *old, struct ast_category *new)
635 {
636         struct ast_variable *var = old->root;
637
638         old->root = NULL;
639         /* we can just move the entire list in a single op */
640         ast_variable_append(new, var);
641 }
642
643 struct ast_category *ast_category_new(const char *name, const char *in_file, int lineno)
644 {
645         struct ast_category *category;
646
647         category = ast_calloc(1, sizeof(*category));
648         if (!category) {
649                 return NULL;
650         }
651         category->file = ast_strdup(in_file);
652         if (!category->file) {
653                 ast_category_destroy(category);
654                 return NULL;
655         }
656         ast_copy_string(category->name, name, sizeof(category->name));
657         category->lineno = lineno; /* if you don't know the lineno, set it to 999999 or something real big */
658         return category;
659 }
660
661 static struct ast_category *category_get(const struct ast_config *config, const char *category_name, int ignored)
662 {
663         struct ast_category *cat;
664
665         /* try exact match first, then case-insensitive match */
666         for (cat = config->root; cat; cat = cat->next) {
667                 if (cat->name == category_name && (ignored || !cat->ignored))
668                         return cat;
669         }
670
671         for (cat = config->root; cat; cat = cat->next) {
672                 if (!strcasecmp(cat->name, category_name) && (ignored || !cat->ignored))
673                         return cat;
674         }
675
676         return NULL;
677 }
678
679 struct ast_category *ast_category_get(const struct ast_config *config, const char *category_name)
680 {
681         return category_get(config, category_name, 0);
682 }
683
684 int ast_category_exist(const struct ast_config *config, const char *category_name)
685 {
686         return !!ast_category_get(config, category_name);
687 }
688
689 void ast_category_append(struct ast_config *config, struct ast_category *category)
690 {
691         if (config->last)
692                 config->last->next = category;
693         else
694                 config->root = category;
695         category->include_level = config->include_level;
696         config->last = category;
697         config->current = category;
698 }
699
700 void ast_category_insert(struct ast_config *config, struct ast_category *cat, const char *match)
701 {
702         struct ast_category *cur_category;
703
704         if (!cat || !match)
705                 return;
706         if (!strcasecmp(config->root->name, match)) {
707                 cat->next = config->root;
708                 config->root = cat;
709                 return;
710         }
711         for (cur_category = config->root; cur_category; cur_category = cur_category->next) {
712                 if (!strcasecmp(cur_category->next->name, match)) {
713                         cat->next = cur_category->next;
714                         cur_category->next = cat;
715                         break;
716                 }
717         }
718 }
719
720 static void ast_destroy_template_list(struct ast_category *cat)
721 {
722         struct ast_category_template_instance *x;
723
724         while ((x = AST_LIST_REMOVE_HEAD(&cat->template_instances, next)))
725                 ast_free(x);
726 }
727
728 void ast_category_destroy(struct ast_category *cat)
729 {
730         ast_variables_destroy(cat->root);
731         cat->root = NULL;
732         cat->last = NULL;
733         ast_comment_destroy(&cat->precomments);
734         ast_comment_destroy(&cat->sameline);
735         ast_comment_destroy(&cat->trailing);
736         ast_destroy_template_list(cat);
737         ast_free(cat->file);
738         ast_free(cat);
739 }
740
741 static void ast_includes_destroy(struct ast_config_include *incls)
742 {
743         struct ast_config_include *incl,*inclnext;
744
745         for (incl=incls; incl; incl = inclnext) {
746                 inclnext = incl->next;
747                 ast_free(incl->include_location_file);
748                 ast_free(incl->exec_file);
749                 ast_free(incl->included_file);
750                 ast_free(incl);
751         }
752 }
753
754 static struct ast_category *next_available_category(struct ast_category *cat)
755 {
756         for (; cat && cat->ignored; cat = cat->next);
757
758         return cat;
759 }
760
761 /*! return the first var of a category */
762 struct ast_variable *ast_category_first(struct ast_category *cat)
763 {
764         return (cat) ? cat->root : NULL;
765 }
766
767 struct ast_variable *ast_category_root(struct ast_config *config, char *cat)
768 {
769         struct ast_category *category = ast_category_get(config, cat);
770
771         if (category)
772                 return category->root;
773         return NULL;
774 }
775
776 void ast_config_sort_categories(struct ast_config *config, int descending,
777                                                                 int (*comparator)(struct ast_category *p, struct ast_category *q))
778 {
779         /*
780          * The contents of this function are adapted from
781          * an example of linked list merge sorting
782          * copyright 2001 Simon Tatham.
783          *
784          * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person
785          * obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation
786          * files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without
787          * restriction, including without limitation the rights to use,
788          * copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or
789          * sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the
790          * Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following
791          * conditions:
792          *
793          * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be
794          * included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
795          *
796          * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND,
797          * EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES
798          * OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND
799          * NONINFRINGEMENT.  IN NO EVENT SHALL SIMON TATHAM BE LIABLE FOR
800          * ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF
801          * CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN
802          * CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE
803          * SOFTWARE.
804          */
805
806         int insize = 1;
807         struct ast_category *p, *q, *e, *tail;
808         int nmerges, psize, qsize, i;
809
810         /* If the descending flag was sent, we'll apply inversion to the comparison function's return. */
811         if (descending) {
812                 descending = -1;
813         } else {
814                 descending = 1;
815         }
816
817         if (!config->root) {
818                 return;
819         }
820
821         while (1) {
822                 p = config->root;
823                 config->root = NULL;
824                 tail = NULL;
825
826                 nmerges = 0; /* count number of merges we do in this pass */
827
828                 while (p) {
829                         nmerges++; /* there exists a merge to be done */
830
831                         /* step `insize' places along from p */
832                         q = p;
833                         psize = 0;
834                         for (i = 0; i < insize; i++) {
835                                 psize++;
836                                 q = q->next;
837                                 if (!q) {
838                                         break;
839                                 }
840                         }
841
842                         /* if q hasn't fallen off end, we have two lists to merge */
843                         qsize = insize;
844
845                         /* now we have two lists; merge them */
846                         while (psize > 0 || (qsize > 0 && q)) {
847                                 /* decide whether next element of merge comes from p or q */
848                                 if (psize == 0) {
849                                         /* p is empty; e must come from q. */
850                                         e = q;
851                                         q = q->next;
852                                         qsize--;
853                                 } else if (qsize == 0 || !q) {
854                                         /* q is empty; e must come from p. */
855                                         e = p; p = p->next; psize--;
856                                 } else if ((comparator(p,q) * descending) <= 0) {
857                                         /* First element of p is lower (or same) e must come from p. */
858                                         e = p;
859                                         p = p->next;
860                                         psize--;
861                                 } else {
862                                         /* First element of q is lower; e must come from q. */
863                                         e = q;
864                                         q = q->next;
865                                         qsize--;
866                                 }
867
868                                 /* add the next element to the merged list */
869                                 if (tail) {
870                                         tail->next = e;
871                                 } else {
872                                         config->root = e;
873                                 }
874                                 tail = e;
875                         }
876
877                         /* now p has stepped `insize' places along, and q has too */
878                         p = q;
879                 }
880
881                 tail->next = NULL;
882
883                 /* If we have done only one merge, we're finished. */
884                 if (nmerges <= 1) { /* allow for nmerges==0, the empty list case */
885                         return;
886                 }
887
888                 /* Otherwise repeat, merging lists twice the size */
889                 insize *= 2;
890         }
891
892 }
893
894 char *ast_category_browse(struct ast_config *config, const char *prev)
895 {
896         struct ast_category *cat;
897
898         if (!prev) {
899                 /* First time browse. */
900                 cat = config->root;
901         } else if (config->last_browse && (config->last_browse->name == prev)) {
902                 /* Simple last browse found. */
903                 cat = config->last_browse->next;
904         } else {
905                 /*
906                  * Config changed since last browse.
907                  *
908                  * First try cheap last browse search. (Rebrowsing a different
909                  * previous category?)
910                  */
911                 for (cat = config->root; cat; cat = cat->next) {
912                         if (cat->name == prev) {
913                                 /* Found it. */
914                                 cat = cat->next;
915                                 break;
916                         }
917                 }
918                 if (!cat) {
919                         /*
920                          * Have to do it the hard way. (Last category was deleted and
921                          * re-added?)
922                          */
923                         for (cat = config->root; cat; cat = cat->next) {
924                                 if (!strcasecmp(cat->name, prev)) {
925                                         /* Found it. */
926                                         cat = cat->next;
927                                         break;
928                                 }
929                         }
930                 }
931         }
932
933         if (cat)
934                 cat = next_available_category(cat);
935
936         config->last_browse = cat;
937         return (cat) ? cat->name : NULL;
938 }
939
940 struct ast_variable *ast_category_detach_variables(struct ast_category *cat)
941 {
942         struct ast_variable *v;
943
944         v = cat->root;
945         cat->root = NULL;
946         cat->last = NULL;
947
948         return v;
949 }
950
951 void ast_category_rename(struct ast_category *cat, const char *name)
952 {
953         ast_copy_string(cat->name, name, sizeof(cat->name));
954 }
955
956 static void inherit_category(struct ast_category *new, const struct ast_category *base)
957 {
958         struct ast_variable *var;
959         struct ast_category_template_instance *x;
960
961         x = ast_calloc(1, sizeof(*x));
962         if (!x) {
963                 return;
964         }
965         strcpy(x->name, base->name);
966         x->inst = base;
967         AST_LIST_INSERT_TAIL(&new->template_instances, x, next);
968         for (var = base->root; var; var = var->next)
969                 ast_variable_append(new, variable_clone(var));
970 }
971
972 struct ast_config *ast_config_new(void)
973 {
974         struct ast_config *config;
975
976         if ((config = ast_calloc(1, sizeof(*config))))
977                 config->max_include_level = MAX_INCLUDE_LEVEL;
978         return config;
979 }
980
981 int ast_variable_delete(struct ast_category *category, const char *variable, const char *match, const char *line)
982 {
983         struct ast_variable *cur, *prev=NULL, *curn;
984         int res = -1;
985         int num_item = 0;
986         int req_item;
987
988         req_item = -1;
989         if (!ast_strlen_zero(line)) {
990                 /* Requesting to delete by item number. */
991                 if (sscanf(line, "%30d", &req_item) != 1
992                         || req_item < 0) {
993                         /* Invalid item number to delete. */
994                         return -1;
995                 }
996         }
997
998         prev = NULL;
999         cur = category->root;
1000         while (cur) {
1001                 curn = cur->next;
1002                 /* Delete by item number or by variable name with optional value. */
1003                 if ((0 <= req_item && num_item == req_item)
1004                         || (req_item < 0 && !strcasecmp(cur->name, variable)
1005                                 && (ast_strlen_zero(match) || !strcasecmp(cur->value, match)))) {
1006                         if (prev) {
1007                                 prev->next = cur->next;
1008                                 if (cur == category->last)
1009                                         category->last = prev;
1010                         } else {
1011                                 category->root = cur->next;
1012                                 if (cur == category->last)
1013                                         category->last = NULL;
1014                         }
1015                         ast_variable_destroy(cur);
1016                         res = 0;
1017                 } else
1018                         prev = cur;
1019
1020                 cur = curn;
1021                 ++num_item;
1022         }
1023         return res;
1024 }
1025
1026 int ast_variable_update(struct ast_category *category, const char *variable,
1027                                                 const char *value, const char *match, unsigned int object)
1028 {
1029         struct ast_variable *cur, *prev=NULL, *newer=NULL;
1030
1031         for (cur = category->root; cur; prev = cur, cur = cur->next) {
1032                 if (strcasecmp(cur->name, variable) ||
1033                         (!ast_strlen_zero(match) && strcasecmp(cur->value, match)))
1034                         continue;
1035
1036                 if (!(newer = ast_variable_new(variable, value, cur->file)))
1037                         return -1;
1038
1039                 ast_variable_move(newer, cur);
1040                 newer->object = newer->object || object;
1041
1042                 /* Replace the old node in the list with the new node. */
1043                 newer->next = cur->next;
1044                 if (prev)
1045                         prev->next = newer;
1046                 else
1047                         category->root = newer;
1048                 if (category->last == cur)
1049                         category->last = newer;
1050
1051                 ast_variable_destroy(cur);
1052
1053                 return 0;
1054         }
1055
1056         /* Could not find variable to update */
1057         return -1;
1058 }
1059
1060 int ast_category_delete(struct ast_config *cfg, const char *category)
1061 {
1062         struct ast_category *prev=NULL, *cat;
1063
1064         cat = cfg->root;
1065         while (cat) {
1066                 if (cat->name == category) {
1067                         if (prev) {
1068                                 prev->next = cat->next;
1069                                 if (cat == cfg->last)
1070                                         cfg->last = prev;
1071                         } else {
1072                                 cfg->root = cat->next;
1073                                 if (cat == cfg->last)
1074                                         cfg->last = NULL;
1075                         }
1076                         ast_category_destroy(cat);
1077                         return 0;
1078                 }
1079                 prev = cat;
1080                 cat = cat->next;
1081         }
1082
1083         prev = NULL;
1084         cat = cfg->root;
1085         while (cat) {
1086                 if (!strcasecmp(cat->name, category)) {
1087                         if (prev) {
1088                                 prev->next = cat->next;
1089                                 if (cat == cfg->last)
1090                                         cfg->last = prev;
1091                         } else {
1092                                 cfg->root = cat->next;
1093                                 if (cat == cfg->last)
1094                                         cfg->last = NULL;
1095                         }
1096                         ast_category_destroy(cat);
1097                         return 0;
1098                 }
1099                 prev = cat;
1100                 cat = cat->next;
1101         }
1102         return -1;
1103 }
1104
1105 int ast_category_empty(struct ast_config *cfg, const char *category)
1106 {
1107         struct ast_category *cat;
1108
1109         for (cat = cfg->root; cat; cat = cat->next) {
1110                 if (!strcasecmp(cat->name, category))
1111                         continue;
1112                 ast_variables_destroy(cat->root);
1113                 cat->root = NULL;
1114                 cat->last = NULL;
1115                 return 0;
1116         }
1117
1118         return -1;
1119 }
1120
1121 void ast_config_destroy(struct ast_config *cfg)
1122 {
1123         struct ast_category *cat, *catn;
1124
1125         if (!cfg)
1126                 return;
1127
1128         ast_includes_destroy(cfg->includes);
1129
1130         cat = cfg->root;
1131         while (cat) {
1132                 catn = cat;
1133                 cat = cat->next;
1134                 ast_category_destroy(catn);
1135         }
1136         ast_free(cfg);
1137 }
1138
1139 struct ast_category *ast_config_get_current_category(const struct ast_config *cfg)
1140 {
1141         return cfg->current;
1142 }
1143
1144 void ast_config_set_current_category(struct ast_config *cfg, const struct ast_category *cat)
1145 {
1146         /* cast below is just to silence compiler warning about dropping "const" */
1147         cfg->current = (struct ast_category *) cat;
1148 }
1149
1150 /*!
1151  * \internal
1152  * \brief Create a new cfmtime list node.
1153  *
1154  * \param filename Config filename caching.
1155  * \param who_asked Who wanted to know.
1156  *
1157  * \retval cfmtime New node on success.
1158  * \retval NULL on error.
1159  */
1160 static struct cache_file_mtime *cfmtime_new(const char *filename, const char *who_asked)
1161 {
1162         struct cache_file_mtime *cfmtime;
1163         char *dst;
1164
1165         cfmtime = ast_calloc(1,
1166                 sizeof(*cfmtime) + strlen(filename) + 1 + strlen(who_asked) + 1);
1167         if (!cfmtime) {
1168                 return NULL;
1169         }
1170         dst = cfmtime->filename;        /* writable space starts here */
1171         strcpy(dst, filename);
1172         dst += strlen(dst) + 1;
1173         cfmtime->who_asked = strcpy(dst, who_asked);
1174
1175         return cfmtime;
1176 }
1177
1178 enum config_cache_attribute_enum {
1179         ATTRIBUTE_INCLUDE = 0,
1180         ATTRIBUTE_EXEC = 1,
1181 };
1182
1183 static void config_cache_attribute(const char *configfile, enum config_cache_attribute_enum attrtype, const char *filename, const char *who_asked)
1184 {
1185         struct cache_file_mtime *cfmtime;
1186         struct cache_file_include *cfinclude;
1187         struct stat statbuf = { 0, };
1188
1189         /* Find our cached entry for this configuration file */
1190         AST_LIST_LOCK(&cfmtime_head);
1191         AST_LIST_TRAVERSE(&cfmtime_head, cfmtime, list) {
1192                 if (!strcmp(cfmtime->filename, configfile) && !strcmp(cfmtime->who_asked, who_asked))
1193                         break;
1194         }
1195         if (!cfmtime) {
1196                 cfmtime = cfmtime_new(configfile, who_asked);
1197                 if (!cfmtime) {
1198                         AST_LIST_UNLOCK(&cfmtime_head);
1199                         return;
1200                 }
1201                 /* Note that the file mtime is initialized to 0, i.e. 1970 */
1202                 AST_LIST_INSERT_SORTALPHA(&cfmtime_head, cfmtime, list, filename);
1203         }
1204
1205         if (!stat(configfile, &statbuf))
1206                 cfmtime->mtime = 0;
1207         else
1208                 cfmtime->mtime = statbuf.st_mtime;
1209
1210         switch (attrtype) {
1211         case ATTRIBUTE_INCLUDE:
1212                 AST_LIST_TRAVERSE(&cfmtime->includes, cfinclude, list) {
1213                         if (!strcmp(cfinclude->include, filename)) {
1214                                 AST_LIST_UNLOCK(&cfmtime_head);
1215                                 return;
1216                         }
1217                 }
1218                 cfinclude = ast_calloc(1, sizeof(*cfinclude) + strlen(filename) + 1);
1219                 if (!cfinclude) {
1220                         AST_LIST_UNLOCK(&cfmtime_head);
1221                         return;
1222                 }
1223                 strcpy(cfinclude->include, filename);
1224                 AST_LIST_INSERT_TAIL(&cfmtime->includes, cfinclude, list);
1225                 break;
1226         case ATTRIBUTE_EXEC:
1227                 cfmtime->has_exec = 1;
1228                 break;
1229         }
1230         AST_LIST_UNLOCK(&cfmtime_head);
1231 }
1232
1233 /*! \brief parse one line in the configuration.
1234  * \verbatim
1235  * We can have a category header        [foo](...)
1236  * a directive                          #include / #exec
1237  * or a regular line                    name = value
1238  * \endverbatim
1239  */
1240 static int process_text_line(struct ast_config *cfg, struct ast_category **cat,
1241         char *buf, int lineno, const char *configfile, struct ast_flags flags,
1242         struct ast_str *comment_buffer,
1243         struct ast_str *lline_buffer,
1244         const char *suggested_include_file,
1245         struct ast_category **last_cat, struct ast_variable **last_var, const char *who_asked)
1246 {
1247         char *c;
1248         char *cur = buf;
1249         struct ast_variable *v;
1250         char cmd[512], exec_file[512];
1251
1252         /* Actually parse the entry */
1253         if (cur[0] == '[') { /* A category header */
1254                 /* format is one of the following:
1255                  * [foo]        define a new category named 'foo'
1256                  * [foo](!)     define a new template category named 'foo'
1257                  * [foo](+)     append to category 'foo', error if foo does not exist.
1258                  * [foo](a)     define a new category and inherit from category or template a.
1259                  *              You can put a comma-separated list of categories and templates
1260                  *              and '!' and '+' between parentheses, with obvious meaning.
1261                  */
1262                 struct ast_category *newcat = NULL;
1263                 char *catname;
1264
1265                 c = strchr(cur, ']');
1266                 if (!c) {
1267                         ast_log(LOG_WARNING, "parse error: no closing ']', line %d of %s\n", lineno, configfile);
1268                         return -1;
1269                 }
1270                 *c++ = '\0';
1271                 cur++;
1272                 if (*c++ != '(')
1273                         c = NULL;
1274                 catname = cur;
1275                 if (!(*cat = newcat = ast_category_new(catname,
1276                                 S_OR(suggested_include_file, cfg->include_level == 1 ? "" : configfile),
1277                                 lineno))) {
1278                         return -1;
1279                 }
1280                 (*cat)->lineno = lineno;
1281                 *last_var = 0;
1282                 *last_cat = newcat;
1283
1284                 /* add comments */
1285                 if (ast_test_flag(&flags, CONFIG_FLAG_WITHCOMMENTS))
1286                         newcat->precomments = ALLOC_COMMENT(comment_buffer);
1287                 if (ast_test_flag(&flags, CONFIG_FLAG_WITHCOMMENTS))
1288                         newcat->sameline = ALLOC_COMMENT(lline_buffer);
1289                 if (ast_test_flag(&flags, CONFIG_FLAG_WITHCOMMENTS))
1290                         CB_RESET(comment_buffer, lline_buffer);
1291
1292                 /* If there are options or categories to inherit from, process them now */
1293                 if (c) {
1294                         if (!(cur = strchr(c, ')'))) {
1295                                 ast_log(LOG_WARNING, "parse error: no closing ')', line %d of %s\n", lineno, configfile);
1296                                 return -1;
1297                         }
1298                         *cur = '\0';
1299                         while ((cur = strsep(&c, ","))) {
1300                                 if (!strcasecmp(cur, "!")) {
1301                                         (*cat)->ignored = 1;
1302                                 } else if (!strcasecmp(cur, "+")) {
1303                                         *cat = category_get(cfg, catname, 1);
1304                                         if (!(*cat)) {
1305                                                 if (newcat)
1306                                                         ast_category_destroy(newcat);
1307                                                 ast_log(LOG_WARNING, "Category addition requested, but category '%s' does not exist, line %d of %s\n", catname, lineno, configfile);
1308                                                 return -1;
1309                                         }
1310                                         if (newcat) {
1311                                                 move_variables(newcat, *cat);
1312                                                 ast_category_destroy(newcat);
1313                                                 newcat = NULL;
1314                                         }
1315                                 } else {
1316                                         struct ast_category *base;
1317
1318                                         base = category_get(cfg, cur, 1);
1319                                         if (!base) {
1320                                                 ast_log(LOG_WARNING, "Inheritance requested, but category '%s' does not exist, line %d of %s\n", cur, lineno, configfile);
1321                                                 return -1;
1322                                         }
1323                                         inherit_category(*cat, base);
1324                                 }
1325                         }
1326                 }
1327                 if (newcat)
1328                         ast_category_append(cfg, *cat);
1329         } else if (cur[0] == '#') { /* A directive - #include or #exec */
1330                 char *cur2;
1331                 char real_inclusion_name[256];
1332                 int do_include = 0;     /* otherwise, it is exec */
1333                 int try_include = 0;
1334
1335                 cur++;
1336                 c = cur;
1337                 while (*c && (*c > 32)) {
1338                         c++;
1339                 }
1340
1341                 if (*c) {
1342                         *c = '\0';
1343                         /* Find real argument */
1344                         c = ast_strip(c + 1);
1345                         if (!(*c)) {
1346                                 c = NULL;
1347                         }
1348                 } else {
1349                         c = NULL;
1350                 }
1351                 if (!strcasecmp(cur, "include")) {
1352                         do_include = 1;
1353                 } else if (!strcasecmp(cur, "tryinclude")) {
1354                         do_include = 1;
1355                         try_include = 1;
1356                 } else if (!strcasecmp(cur, "exec")) {
1357                         if (!ast_opt_exec_includes) {
1358                                 ast_log(LOG_WARNING, "Cannot perform #exec unless execincludes option is enabled in asterisk.conf (options section)!\n");
1359                                 return 0;       /* XXX is this correct ? or we should return -1 ? */
1360                         }
1361                 } else {
1362                         ast_log(LOG_WARNING, "Unknown directive '#%s' at line %d of %s\n", cur, lineno, configfile);
1363                         return 0;       /* XXX is this correct ? or we should return -1 ? */
1364                 }
1365
1366                 if (c == NULL) {
1367                         ast_log(LOG_WARNING, "Directive '#%s' needs an argument (%s) at line %d of %s\n",
1368                                         do_include ? "include / tryinclude" : "exec",
1369                                         do_include ? "filename" : "/path/to/executable",
1370                                         lineno,
1371                                         configfile);
1372                         return 0;       /* XXX is this correct ? or we should return -1 ? */
1373                 }
1374
1375                 cur = c;
1376                 /* Strip off leading and trailing "'s and <>'s */
1377                 /* Dequote */
1378                 if ((*c == '"') || (*c == '<')) {
1379                         char quote_char = *c;
1380                         if (quote_char == '<') {
1381                                 quote_char = '>';
1382                         }
1383
1384                         if (*(c + strlen(c) - 1) == quote_char) {
1385                                 cur++;
1386                                 *(c + strlen(c) - 1) = '\0';
1387                         }
1388                 }
1389                 cur2 = cur;
1390
1391                 /* #exec </path/to/executable>
1392                    We create a tmp file, then we #include it, then we delete it. */
1393                 if (!do_include) {
1394                         struct timeval now = ast_tvnow();
1395                         if (!ast_test_flag(&flags, CONFIG_FLAG_NOCACHE))
1396                                 config_cache_attribute(configfile, ATTRIBUTE_EXEC, NULL, who_asked);
1397                         snprintf(exec_file, sizeof(exec_file), "/var/tmp/exec.%d%d.%ld", (int)now.tv_sec, (int)now.tv_usec, (long)pthread_self());
1398                         snprintf(cmd, sizeof(cmd), "%s > %s 2>&1", cur, exec_file);
1399                         ast_safe_system(cmd);
1400                         cur = exec_file;
1401                 } else {
1402                         if (!ast_test_flag(&flags, CONFIG_FLAG_NOCACHE))
1403                                 config_cache_attribute(configfile, ATTRIBUTE_INCLUDE, cur, who_asked);
1404                         exec_file[0] = '\0';
1405                 }
1406                 /* A #include */
1407                 /* record this inclusion */
1408                 ast_include_new(cfg, cfg->include_level == 1 ? "" : configfile, cur, !do_include, cur2, lineno, real_inclusion_name, sizeof(real_inclusion_name));
1409
1410                 do_include = ast_config_internal_load(cur, cfg, flags, real_inclusion_name, who_asked) ? 1 : 0;
1411                 if (!ast_strlen_zero(exec_file))
1412                         unlink(exec_file);
1413                 if (!do_include && !try_include) {
1414                         ast_log(LOG_ERROR, "The file '%s' was listed as a #include but it does not exist.\n", cur);
1415                         return -1;
1416                 }
1417                 /* XXX otherwise what ? the default return is 0 anyways */
1418
1419         } else {
1420                 /* Just a line (variable = value) */
1421                 int object = 0;
1422                 if (!(*cat)) {
1423                         ast_log(LOG_WARNING,
1424                                 "parse error: No category context for line %d of %s\n", lineno, configfile);
1425                         return -1;
1426                 }
1427                 c = strchr(cur, '=');
1428
1429                 if (c && c > cur && (*(c - 1) == '+')) {
1430                         struct ast_variable *var, *replace = NULL;
1431                         struct ast_str **str = ast_threadstorage_get(&appendbuf, sizeof(*str));
1432
1433                         if (!str || !*str) {
1434                                 return -1;
1435                         }
1436
1437                         *(c - 1) = '\0';
1438                         c++;
1439                         cur = ast_strip(cur);
1440
1441                         /* Must iterate through category until we find last variable of same name (since there could be multiple) */
1442                         for (var = ast_category_first(*cat); var; var = var->next) {
1443                                 if (!strcmp(var->name, cur)) {
1444                                         replace = var;
1445                                 }
1446                         }
1447
1448                         if (!replace) {
1449                                 /* Nothing to replace; just set a variable normally. */
1450                                 goto set_new_variable;
1451                         }
1452
1453                         ast_str_set(str, 0, "%s", replace->value);
1454                         ast_str_append(str, 0, "%s", c);
1455                         ast_str_trim_blanks(*str);
1456                         ast_variable_update(*cat, replace->name, ast_skip_blanks(ast_str_buffer(*str)), replace->value, object);
1457                 } else if (c) {
1458                         *c = 0;
1459                         c++;
1460                         /* Ignore > in => */
1461                         if (*c== '>') {
1462                                 object = 1;
1463                                 c++;
1464                         }
1465 set_new_variable:
1466                         if ((v = ast_variable_new(ast_strip(cur), ast_strip(c), S_OR(suggested_include_file, cfg->include_level == 1 ? "" : configfile)))) {
1467                                 v->lineno = lineno;
1468                                 v->object = object;
1469                                 *last_cat = 0;
1470                                 *last_var = v;
1471                                 /* Put and reset comments */
1472                                 v->blanklines = 0;
1473                                 ast_variable_append(*cat, v);
1474                                 /* add comments */
1475                                 if (ast_test_flag(&flags, CONFIG_FLAG_WITHCOMMENTS))
1476                                         v->precomments = ALLOC_COMMENT(comment_buffer);
1477                                 if (ast_test_flag(&flags, CONFIG_FLAG_WITHCOMMENTS))
1478                                         v->sameline = ALLOC_COMMENT(lline_buffer);
1479                                 if (ast_test_flag(&flags, CONFIG_FLAG_WITHCOMMENTS))
1480                                         CB_RESET(comment_buffer, lline_buffer);
1481
1482                         } else {
1483                                 return -1;
1484                         }
1485                 } else {
1486                         ast_log(LOG_WARNING, "No '=' (equal sign) in line %d of %s\n", lineno, configfile);
1487                 }
1488         }
1489         return 0;
1490 }
1491
1492 static struct ast_config *config_text_file_load(const char *database, const char *table, const char *filename, struct ast_config *cfg, struct ast_flags flags, const char *suggested_include_file, const char *who_asked)
1493 {
1494         char fn[256];
1495 #if defined(LOW_MEMORY)
1496         char buf[512];
1497 #else
1498         char buf[8192];
1499 #endif
1500         char *new_buf, *comment_p, *process_buf;
1501         FILE *f;
1502         int lineno=0;
1503         int comment = 0, nest[MAX_NESTED_COMMENTS];
1504         struct ast_category *cat = NULL;
1505         int count = 0;
1506         struct stat statbuf;
1507         struct cache_file_mtime *cfmtime = NULL;
1508         struct cache_file_include *cfinclude;
1509         struct ast_variable *last_var = 0;
1510         struct ast_category *last_cat = 0;
1511         /*! Growable string buffer */
1512         struct ast_str *comment_buffer = NULL;  /*!< this will be a comment collector.*/
1513         struct ast_str *lline_buffer = NULL;    /*!< A buffer for stuff behind the ; */
1514
1515         if (cfg)
1516                 cat = ast_config_get_current_category(cfg);
1517
1518         if (filename[0] == '/') {
1519                 ast_copy_string(fn, filename, sizeof(fn));
1520         } else {
1521                 snprintf(fn, sizeof(fn), "%s/%s", ast_config_AST_CONFIG_DIR, filename);
1522         }
1523
1524         if (ast_test_flag(&flags, CONFIG_FLAG_WITHCOMMENTS)) {
1525                 comment_buffer = ast_str_create(CB_SIZE);
1526                 if (comment_buffer)
1527                         lline_buffer = ast_str_create(CB_SIZE);
1528                 if (!lline_buffer) {
1529                         ast_free(comment_buffer);
1530                         ast_log(LOG_ERROR, "Failed to initialize the comment buffer!\n");
1531                         return NULL;
1532                 }
1533         }
1534 #ifdef AST_INCLUDE_GLOB
1535         {
1536                 int glob_ret;
1537                 glob_t globbuf;
1538                 globbuf.gl_offs = 0;    /* initialize it to silence gcc */
1539                 glob_ret = glob(fn, MY_GLOB_FLAGS, NULL, &globbuf);
1540                 if (glob_ret == GLOB_NOSPACE)
1541                         ast_log(LOG_WARNING,
1542                                 "Glob Expansion of pattern '%s' failed: Not enough memory\n", fn);
1543                 else if (glob_ret  == GLOB_ABORTED)
1544                         ast_log(LOG_WARNING,
1545                                 "Glob Expansion of pattern '%s' failed: Read error\n", fn);
1546                 else  {
1547                         /* loop over expanded files */
1548                         int i;
1549                         for (i=0; i<globbuf.gl_pathc; i++) {
1550                                 ast_copy_string(fn, globbuf.gl_pathv[i], sizeof(fn));
1551 #endif
1552         /*
1553          * The following is not a loop, but just a convenient way to define a block
1554          * (using do { } while(0) ), and be able to exit from it with 'continue'
1555          * or 'break' in case of errors. Nice trick.
1556          */
1557         do {
1558                 if (stat(fn, &statbuf))
1559                         continue;
1560
1561                 if (!S_ISREG(statbuf.st_mode)) {
1562                         ast_log(LOG_WARNING, "'%s' is not a regular file, ignoring\n", fn);
1563                         continue;
1564                 }
1565
1566                 if (!ast_test_flag(&flags, CONFIG_FLAG_NOCACHE)) {
1567                         /* Find our cached entry for this configuration file */
1568                         AST_LIST_LOCK(&cfmtime_head);
1569                         AST_LIST_TRAVERSE(&cfmtime_head, cfmtime, list) {
1570                                 if (!strcmp(cfmtime->filename, fn) && !strcmp(cfmtime->who_asked, who_asked))
1571                                         break;
1572                         }
1573                         if (!cfmtime) {
1574                                 cfmtime = cfmtime_new(fn, who_asked);
1575                                 if (!cfmtime)
1576                                         continue;
1577                                 /* Note that the file mtime is initialized to 0, i.e. 1970 */
1578                                 AST_LIST_INSERT_SORTALPHA(&cfmtime_head, cfmtime, list, filename);
1579                         }
1580                 }
1581
1582                 if (cfmtime && (!cfmtime->has_exec) && (cfmtime->mtime == statbuf.st_mtime) && ast_test_flag(&flags, CONFIG_FLAG_FILEUNCHANGED)) {
1583                         /* File is unchanged, what about the (cached) includes (if any)? */
1584                         int unchanged = 1;
1585                         AST_LIST_TRAVERSE(&cfmtime->includes, cfinclude, list) {
1586                                 /* We must glob here, because if we did not, then adding a file to globbed directory would
1587                                  * incorrectly cause no reload to be necessary. */
1588                                 char fn2[256];
1589 #ifdef AST_INCLUDE_GLOB
1590                                 int glob_return;
1591                                 glob_t glob_buf = { .gl_offs = 0 };
1592                                 glob_return = glob(cfinclude->include, MY_GLOB_FLAGS, NULL, &glob_buf);
1593                                 /* On error, we reparse */
1594                                 if (glob_return == GLOB_NOSPACE || glob_return  == GLOB_ABORTED)
1595                                         unchanged = 0;
1596                                 else  {
1597                                         /* loop over expanded files */
1598                                         int j;
1599                                         for (j = 0; j < glob_buf.gl_pathc; j++) {
1600                                                 ast_copy_string(fn2, glob_buf.gl_pathv[j], sizeof(fn2));
1601 #else
1602                                                 ast_copy_string(fn2, cfinclude->include);
1603 #endif
1604                                                 if (config_text_file_load(NULL, NULL, fn2, NULL, flags, "", who_asked) == NULL) {
1605                                                         /* that second-to-last field needs to be looked at in this case... TODO */
1606                                                         unchanged = 0;
1607                                                         /* One change is enough to short-circuit and reload the whole shebang */
1608                                                         break;
1609                                                 }
1610 #ifdef AST_INCLUDE_GLOB
1611                                         }
1612                                 }
1613 #endif
1614                         }
1615
1616                         if (unchanged) {
1617                                 AST_LIST_UNLOCK(&cfmtime_head);
1618                                 ast_free(comment_buffer);
1619                                 ast_free(lline_buffer);
1620                                 return CONFIG_STATUS_FILEUNCHANGED;
1621                         }
1622                 }
1623                 if (!ast_test_flag(&flags, CONFIG_FLAG_NOCACHE))
1624                         AST_LIST_UNLOCK(&cfmtime_head);
1625
1626                 /* If cfg is NULL, then we just want an answer */
1627                 if (cfg == NULL) {
1628                         ast_free(comment_buffer);
1629                         ast_free(lline_buffer);
1630                         return NULL;
1631                 }
1632
1633                 if (cfmtime)
1634                         cfmtime->mtime = statbuf.st_mtime;
1635
1636                 if (!(f = fopen(fn, "r"))) {
1637                         ast_debug(1, "No file to parse: %s\n", fn);
1638                         ast_verb(2, "Parsing '%s': Not found (%s)\n", fn, strerror(errno));
1639                         continue;
1640                 }
1641                 count++;
1642                 /* If we get to this point, then we're loading regardless */
1643                 ast_clear_flag(&flags, CONFIG_FLAG_FILEUNCHANGED);
1644                 ast_debug(1, "Parsing %s\n", fn);
1645                 ast_verb(2, "Parsing '%s': Found\n", fn);
1646                 while (!feof(f)) {
1647                         lineno++;
1648                         if (fgets(buf, sizeof(buf), f)) {
1649                                 if (ast_test_flag(&flags, CONFIG_FLAG_WITHCOMMENTS) && lline_buffer && ast_str_strlen(lline_buffer)) {
1650                                         CB_ADD(&comment_buffer, ast_str_buffer(lline_buffer));       /* add the current lline buffer to the comment buffer */
1651                                         ast_str_reset(lline_buffer);        /* erase the lline buffer */
1652                                 }
1653
1654                                 new_buf = buf;
1655                                 if (comment)
1656                                         process_buf = NULL;
1657                                 else
1658                                         process_buf = buf;
1659
1660                                 if (ast_test_flag(&flags, CONFIG_FLAG_WITHCOMMENTS) && comment_buffer && ast_str_strlen(comment_buffer) && (ast_strlen_zero(buf) || strlen(buf) == strspn(buf," \t\n\r"))) {
1661                                         /* blank line? really? Can we add it to an existing comment and maybe preserve inter- and post- comment spacing? */
1662                                         CB_ADD(&comment_buffer, "\n");       /* add a newline to the comment buffer */
1663                                         continue; /* go get a new line, then */
1664                                 }
1665
1666                                 while ((comment_p = strchr(new_buf, COMMENT_META))) {
1667                                         if ((comment_p > new_buf) && (*(comment_p - 1) == '\\')) {
1668                                                 /* Escaped semicolons aren't comments. */
1669                                                 new_buf = comment_p;
1670                                                 /* write over the \ and bring the null terminator with us */
1671                                                 memmove(comment_p - 1, comment_p, strlen(comment_p) + 1);
1672                                         } else if (comment_p[1] == COMMENT_TAG && comment_p[2] == COMMENT_TAG && (comment_p[3] != '-')) {
1673                                                 /* Meta-Comment start detected ";--" */
1674                                                 if (comment < MAX_NESTED_COMMENTS) {
1675                                                         *comment_p = '\0';
1676                                                         new_buf = comment_p + 3;
1677                                                         comment++;
1678                                                         nest[comment-1] = lineno;
1679                                                 } else {
1680                                                         ast_log(LOG_ERROR, "Maximum nest limit of %d reached.\n", MAX_NESTED_COMMENTS);
1681                                                 }
1682                                         } else if ((comment_p >= new_buf + 2) &&
1683                                                    (*(comment_p - 1) == COMMENT_TAG) &&
1684                                                    (*(comment_p - 2) == COMMENT_TAG)) {
1685                                                 /* Meta-Comment end detected */
1686                                                 comment--;
1687                                                 new_buf = comment_p + 1;
1688                                                 if (!comment) {
1689                                                         /* Back to non-comment now */
1690                                                         if (process_buf) {
1691                                                                 /* Actually have to move what's left over the top, then continue */
1692                                                                 char *oldptr;
1693                                                                 oldptr = process_buf + strlen(process_buf);
1694                                                                 if (ast_test_flag(&flags, CONFIG_FLAG_WITHCOMMENTS)) {
1695                                                                         CB_ADD(&comment_buffer, ";");
1696                                                                         CB_ADD_LEN(&comment_buffer, oldptr+1, new_buf-oldptr-1);
1697                                                                 }
1698
1699                                                                 memmove(oldptr, new_buf, strlen(new_buf) + 1);
1700                                                                 new_buf = oldptr;
1701                                                         } else
1702                                                                 process_buf = new_buf;
1703                                                 }
1704                                         } else {
1705                                                 if (!comment) {
1706                                                         /* If ; is found, and we are not nested in a comment,
1707                                                            we immediately stop all comment processing */
1708                                                         if (ast_test_flag(&flags, CONFIG_FLAG_WITHCOMMENTS)) {
1709                                                                 CB_ADD(&lline_buffer, comment_p);
1710                                                         }
1711                                                         *comment_p = '\0';
1712                                                         new_buf = comment_p;
1713                                                 } else
1714                                                         new_buf = comment_p + 1;
1715                                         }
1716                                 }
1717                                 if (ast_test_flag(&flags, CONFIG_FLAG_WITHCOMMENTS) && comment && !process_buf ) {
1718                                         CB_ADD(&comment_buffer, buf);  /* the whole line is a comment, store it */
1719                                 }
1720
1721                                 if (process_buf) {
1722                                         char *buffer = ast_strip(process_buf);
1723                                         if (!ast_strlen_zero(buffer)) {
1724                                                 if (process_text_line(cfg, &cat, buffer, lineno, fn, flags, comment_buffer, lline_buffer, suggested_include_file, &last_cat, &last_var, who_asked)) {
1725                                                         cfg = CONFIG_STATUS_FILEINVALID;
1726                                                         break;
1727                                                 }
1728                                         }
1729                                 }
1730                         }
1731                 }
1732                 /* end of file-- anything in a comment buffer? */
1733                 if (last_cat) {
1734                         if (ast_test_flag(&flags, CONFIG_FLAG_WITHCOMMENTS) && comment_buffer && ast_str_strlen(comment_buffer)) {
1735                                 if (lline_buffer && ast_str_strlen(lline_buffer)) {
1736                                         CB_ADD(&comment_buffer, ast_str_buffer(lline_buffer));       /* add the current lline buffer to the comment buffer */
1737                                         ast_str_reset(lline_buffer);        /* erase the lline buffer */
1738                                 }
1739                                 last_cat->trailing = ALLOC_COMMENT(comment_buffer);
1740                         }
1741                 } else if (last_var) {
1742                         if (ast_test_flag(&flags, CONFIG_FLAG_WITHCOMMENTS) && comment_buffer && ast_str_strlen(comment_buffer)) {
1743                                 if (lline_buffer && ast_str_strlen(lline_buffer)) {
1744                                         CB_ADD(&comment_buffer, ast_str_buffer(lline_buffer));       /* add the current lline buffer to the comment buffer */
1745                                         ast_str_reset(lline_buffer);        /* erase the lline buffer */
1746                                 }
1747                                 last_var->trailing = ALLOC_COMMENT(comment_buffer);
1748                         }
1749                 } else {
1750                         if (ast_test_flag(&flags, CONFIG_FLAG_WITHCOMMENTS) && comment_buffer && ast_str_strlen(comment_buffer)) {
1751                                 ast_debug(1, "Nothing to attach comments to, discarded: %s\n", ast_str_buffer(comment_buffer));
1752                         }
1753                 }
1754                 if (ast_test_flag(&flags, CONFIG_FLAG_WITHCOMMENTS))
1755                         CB_RESET(comment_buffer, lline_buffer);
1756
1757                 fclose(f);
1758         } while (0);
1759         if (comment) {
1760                 ast_log(LOG_WARNING,"Unterminated comment detected beginning on line %d\n", nest[comment - 1]);
1761         }
1762 #ifdef AST_INCLUDE_GLOB
1763                                         if (cfg == NULL || cfg == CONFIG_STATUS_FILEUNCHANGED || cfg == CONFIG_STATUS_FILEINVALID) {
1764                                                 break;
1765                                         }
1766                                 }
1767                                 globfree(&globbuf);
1768                         }
1769                 }
1770 #endif
1771
1772         if (ast_test_flag(&flags, CONFIG_FLAG_WITHCOMMENTS)) {
1773                 ast_free(comment_buffer);
1774                 ast_free(lline_buffer);
1775                 comment_buffer = NULL;
1776                 lline_buffer = NULL;
1777         }
1778
1779         if (count == 0)
1780                 return NULL;
1781
1782         return cfg;
1783 }
1784
1785
1786 /* NOTE: categories and variables each have a file and lineno attribute. On a save operation, these are used to determine
1787    which file and line number to write out to. Thus, an entire hierarchy of config files (via #include statements) can be
1788    recreated. BUT, care must be taken to make sure that every cat and var has the proper file name stored, or you may
1789    be shocked and mystified as to why things are not showing up in the files!
1790
1791    Also, All #include/#exec statements are recorded in the "includes" LL in the ast_config structure. The file name
1792    and line number are stored for each include, plus the name of the file included, so that these statements may be
1793    included in the output files on a file_save operation.
1794
1795    The lineno's are really just for relative placement in the file. There is no attempt to make sure that blank lines
1796    are included to keep the lineno's the same between input and output. The lineno fields are used mainly to determine
1797    the position of the #include and #exec directives. So, blank lines tend to disappear from a read/rewrite operation,
1798    and a header gets added.
1799
1800    vars and category heads are output in the order they are stored in the config file. So, if the software
1801    shuffles these at all, then the placement of #include directives might get a little mixed up, because the
1802    file/lineno data probably won't get changed.
1803
1804 */
1805
1806 static void gen_header(FILE *f1, const char *configfile, const char *fn, const char *generator)
1807 {
1808         char date[256]="";
1809         time_t t;
1810
1811         time(&t);
1812         ast_copy_string(date, ctime(&t), sizeof(date));
1813
1814         fprintf(f1, ";!\n");
1815         fprintf(f1, ";! Automatically generated configuration file\n");
1816         if (strcmp(configfile, fn))
1817                 fprintf(f1, ";! Filename: %s (%s)\n", configfile, fn);
1818         else
1819                 fprintf(f1, ";! Filename: %s\n", configfile);
1820         fprintf(f1, ";! Generator: %s\n", generator);
1821         fprintf(f1, ";! Creation Date: %s", date);
1822         fprintf(f1, ";!\n");
1823 }
1824
1825 static void inclfile_destroy(void *obj)
1826 {
1827         const struct inclfile *o = obj;
1828
1829         ast_free(o->fname);
1830 }
1831
1832
1833 static struct inclfile *set_fn(char *fn, int fn_size, const char *file, const char *configfile, struct ao2_container *fileset)
1834 {
1835         struct inclfile lookup;
1836         struct inclfile *fi;
1837
1838         if (ast_strlen_zero(file)) {
1839                 if (configfile[0] == '/')
1840                         ast_copy_string(fn, configfile, fn_size);
1841                 else
1842                         snprintf(fn, fn_size, "%s/%s", ast_config_AST_CONFIG_DIR, configfile);
1843         } else if (file[0] == '/')
1844                 ast_copy_string(fn, file, fn_size);
1845         else
1846                 snprintf(fn, fn_size, "%s/%s", ast_config_AST_CONFIG_DIR, file);
1847         lookup.fname = fn;
1848         fi = ao2_find(fileset, &lookup, OBJ_POINTER);
1849         if (fi) {
1850                 /* Found existing include file scratch pad. */
1851                 return fi;
1852         }
1853
1854         /* set up a file scratch pad */
1855         fi = ao2_alloc(sizeof(struct inclfile), inclfile_destroy);
1856         if (!fi) {
1857                 /* Scratch pad creation failed. */
1858                 return NULL;
1859         }
1860         fi->fname = ast_strdup(fn);
1861         if (!fi->fname) {
1862                 /* Scratch pad creation failed. */
1863                 ao2_ref(fi, -1);
1864                 return NULL;
1865         }
1866         fi->lineno = 1;
1867
1868         ao2_link(fileset, fi);
1869
1870         return fi;
1871 }
1872
1873 static int count_linefeeds(char *str)
1874 {
1875         int count = 0;
1876
1877         while (*str) {
1878                 if (*str =='\n')
1879                         count++;
1880                 str++;
1881         }
1882         return count;
1883 }
1884
1885 static int count_linefeeds_in_comments(struct ast_comment *x)
1886 {
1887         int count = 0;
1888
1889         while (x) {
1890                 count += count_linefeeds(x->cmt);
1891                 x = x->next;
1892         }
1893         return count;
1894 }
1895
1896 static void insert_leading_blank_lines(FILE *fp, struct inclfile *fi, struct ast_comment *precomments, int lineno)
1897 {
1898         int precomment_lines;
1899         int i;
1900
1901         if (!fi) {
1902                 /* No file scratch pad object so insert no blank lines. */
1903                 return;
1904         }
1905
1906         precomment_lines = count_linefeeds_in_comments(precomments);
1907
1908         /* I don't have to worry about those ;! comments, they are
1909            stored in the precomments, but not printed back out.
1910            I did have to make sure that comments following
1911            the ;! header comments were not also deleted in the process */
1912         if (lineno - precomment_lines - fi->lineno < 0) { /* insertions can mess up the line numbering and produce negative numbers that mess things up */
1913                 return;
1914         } else if (lineno == 0) {
1915                 /* Line replacements also mess things up */
1916                 return;
1917         } else if (lineno - precomment_lines - fi->lineno < 5) {
1918                 /* Only insert less than 5 blank lines; if anything more occurs,
1919                  * it's probably due to context deletion. */
1920                 for (i = fi->lineno; i < lineno - precomment_lines; i++) {
1921                         fprintf(fp, "\n");
1922                 }
1923         } else {
1924                 /* Deletion occurred - insert a single blank line, for separation of
1925                  * contexts. */
1926                 fprintf(fp, "\n");
1927         }
1928
1929         fi->lineno = lineno + 1; /* Advance the file lineno */
1930 }
1931
1932 int config_text_file_save(const char *configfile, const struct ast_config *cfg, const char *generator)
1933 {
1934         return ast_config_text_file_save(configfile, cfg, generator);
1935 }
1936
1937 int ast_config_text_file_save(const char *configfile, const struct ast_config *cfg, const char *generator)
1938 {
1939         FILE *f;
1940         char fn[PATH_MAX];
1941         struct ast_variable *var;
1942         struct ast_category *cat;
1943         struct ast_comment *cmt;
1944         struct ast_config_include *incl;
1945         int blanklines = 0;
1946         struct ao2_container *fileset;
1947         struct inclfile *fi;
1948
1949         fileset = ao2_container_alloc(1023, hash_string, hashtab_compare_strings);
1950         if (!fileset) {
1951                 /* Container creation failed. */
1952                 return -1;
1953         }
1954
1955         /* reset all the output flags, in case this isn't our first time saving this data */
1956         for (incl = cfg->includes; incl; incl = incl->next) {
1957                 incl->output = 0;
1958         }
1959
1960         /* go thru all the inclusions and make sure all the files involved (configfile plus all its inclusions)
1961            are all truncated to zero bytes and have that nice header*/
1962         for (incl = cfg->includes; incl; incl = incl->next) {
1963                 if (!incl->exec) { /* leave the execs alone -- we'll write out the #exec directives, but won't zero out the include files or exec files*/
1964                         /* normally, fn is just set to incl->included_file, prepended with config dir if relative */
1965                         fi = set_fn(fn, sizeof(fn), incl->included_file, configfile, fileset);
1966                         f = fopen(fn, "w");
1967                         if (f) {
1968                                 gen_header(f, configfile, fn, generator);
1969                                 fclose(f); /* this should zero out the file */
1970                         } else {
1971                                 ast_debug(1, "Unable to open for writing: %s\n", fn);
1972                                 ast_verb(2, "Unable to write %s (%s)\n", fn, strerror(errno));
1973                         }
1974                         if (fi) {
1975                                 ao2_ref(fi, -1);
1976                         }
1977                 }
1978         }
1979
1980         /* just set fn to absolute ver of configfile */
1981         fi = set_fn(fn, sizeof(fn), 0, configfile, fileset);
1982         if (
1983 #ifdef __CYGWIN__
1984                 (f = fopen(fn, "w+"))
1985 #else
1986                 (f = fopen(fn, "w"))
1987 #endif
1988                 ) {
1989                 ast_verb(2, "Saving '%s'\n", fn);
1990                 gen_header(f, configfile, fn, generator);
1991                 cat = cfg->root;
1992                 fclose(f);
1993                 if (fi) {
1994                         ao2_ref(fi, -1);
1995                 }
1996
1997                 /* from here out, we open each involved file and concat the stuff we need to add to the end and immediately close... */
1998                 /* since each var, cat, and associated comments can come from any file, we have to be
1999                    mobile, and open each file, print, and close it on an entry-by-entry basis */
2000
2001                 while (cat) {
2002                         fi = set_fn(fn, sizeof(fn), cat->file, configfile, fileset);
2003                         f = fopen(fn, "a");
2004                         if (!f) {
2005                                 ast_debug(1, "Unable to open for writing: %s\n", fn);
2006                                 ast_verb(2, "Unable to write %s (%s)\n", fn, strerror(errno));
2007                                 if (fi) {
2008                                         ao2_ref(fi, -1);
2009                                 }
2010                                 ao2_ref(fileset, -1);
2011                                 return -1;
2012                         }
2013
2014                         /* dump any includes that happen before this category header */
2015                         for (incl=cfg->includes; incl; incl = incl->next) {
2016                                 if (strcmp(incl->include_location_file, cat->file) == 0){
2017                                         if (cat->lineno > incl->include_location_lineno && !incl->output) {
2018                                                 if (incl->exec)
2019                                                         fprintf(f,"#exec \"%s\"\n", incl->exec_file);
2020                                                 else
2021                                                         fprintf(f,"#include \"%s\"\n", incl->included_file);
2022                                                 incl->output = 1;
2023                                         }
2024                                 }
2025                         }
2026
2027                         insert_leading_blank_lines(f, fi, cat->precomments, cat->lineno);
2028                         /* Dump section with any appropriate comment */
2029                         for (cmt = cat->precomments; cmt; cmt=cmt->next) {
2030                                 char *cmtp = cmt->cmt;
2031                                 while (cmtp && *cmtp == ';' && *(cmtp+1) == '!') {
2032                                         char *cmtp2 = strchr(cmtp+1, '\n');
2033                                         if (cmtp2)
2034                                                 cmtp = cmtp2+1;
2035                                         else cmtp = 0;
2036                                 }
2037                                 if (cmtp)
2038                                         fprintf(f,"%s", cmtp);
2039                         }
2040                         fprintf(f, "[%s]", cat->name);
2041                         if (cat->ignored || !AST_LIST_EMPTY(&cat->template_instances)) {
2042                                 fprintf(f, "(");
2043                                 if (cat->ignored) {
2044                                         fprintf(f, "!");
2045                                 }
2046                                 if (cat->ignored && !AST_LIST_EMPTY(&cat->template_instances)) {
2047                                         fprintf(f, ",");
2048                                 }
2049                                 if (!AST_LIST_EMPTY(&cat->template_instances)) {
2050                                         struct ast_category_template_instance *x;
2051                                         AST_LIST_TRAVERSE(&cat->template_instances, x, next) {
2052                                                 fprintf(f,"%s",x->name);
2053                                                 if (x != AST_LIST_LAST(&cat->template_instances))
2054                                                         fprintf(f,",");
2055                                         }
2056                                 }
2057                                 fprintf(f, ")");
2058                         }
2059                         for(cmt = cat->sameline; cmt; cmt=cmt->next)
2060                         {
2061                                 fprintf(f,"%s", cmt->cmt);
2062                         }
2063                         if (!cat->sameline)
2064                                 fprintf(f,"\n");
2065                         for (cmt = cat->trailing; cmt; cmt=cmt->next) {
2066                                 if (cmt->cmt[0] != ';' || cmt->cmt[1] != '!')
2067                                         fprintf(f,"%s", cmt->cmt);
2068                         }
2069                         fclose(f);
2070                         if (fi) {
2071                                 ao2_ref(fi, -1);
2072                         }
2073
2074                         var = cat->root;
2075                         while (var) {
2076                                 struct ast_category_template_instance *x;
2077                                 int found = 0;
2078                                 AST_LIST_TRAVERSE(&cat->template_instances, x, next) {
2079                                         struct ast_variable *v;
2080                                         for (v = x->inst->root; v; v = v->next) {
2081                                                 if (!strcasecmp(var->name, v->name) && !strcmp(var->value, v->value)) {
2082                                                         found = 1;
2083                                                         break;
2084                                                 }
2085                                         }
2086                                         if (found)
2087                                                 break;
2088                                 }
2089                                 if (found) {
2090                                         var = var->next;
2091                                         continue;
2092                                 }
2093                                 fi = set_fn(fn, sizeof(fn), var->file, configfile, fileset);
2094                                 f = fopen(fn, "a");
2095                                 if (!f) {
2096                                         ast_debug(1, "Unable to open for writing: %s\n", fn);
2097                                         ast_verb(2, "Unable to write %s (%s)\n", fn, strerror(errno));
2098                                         if (fi) {
2099                                                 ao2_ref(fi, -1);
2100                                         }
2101                                         ao2_ref(fileset, -1);
2102                                         return -1;
2103                                 }
2104
2105                                 /* dump any includes that happen before this category header */
2106                                 for (incl=cfg->includes; incl; incl = incl->next) {
2107                                         if (strcmp(incl->include_location_file, var->file) == 0){
2108                                                 if (var->lineno > incl->include_location_lineno && !incl->output) {
2109                                                         if (incl->exec)
2110                                                                 fprintf(f,"#exec \"%s\"\n", incl->exec_file);
2111                                                         else
2112                                                                 fprintf(f,"#include \"%s\"\n", incl->included_file);
2113                                                         incl->output = 1;
2114                                                 }
2115                                         }
2116                                 }
2117
2118                                 insert_leading_blank_lines(f, fi, var->precomments, var->lineno);
2119                                 for (cmt = var->precomments; cmt; cmt=cmt->next) {
2120                                         if (cmt->cmt[0] != ';' || cmt->cmt[1] != '!')
2121                                                 fprintf(f,"%s", cmt->cmt);
2122                                 }
2123                                 if (var->sameline)
2124                                         fprintf(f, "%s %s %s  %s", var->name, (var->object ? "=>" : "="), var->value, var->sameline->cmt);
2125                                 else
2126                                         fprintf(f, "%s %s %s\n", var->name, (var->object ? "=>" : "="), var->value);
2127                                 for (cmt = var->trailing; cmt; cmt=cmt->next) {
2128                                         if (cmt->cmt[0] != ';' || cmt->cmt[1] != '!')
2129                                                 fprintf(f,"%s", cmt->cmt);
2130                                 }
2131                                 if (var->blanklines) {
2132                                         blanklines = var->blanklines;
2133                                         while (blanklines--)
2134                                                 fprintf(f, "\n");
2135                                 }
2136
2137                                 fclose(f);
2138                                 if (fi) {
2139                                         ao2_ref(fi, -1);
2140                                 }
2141
2142                                 var = var->next;
2143                         }
2144                         cat = cat->next;
2145                 }
2146                 if (!option_debug) {
2147                         ast_verb(2, "Saving '%s': saved\n", fn);
2148                 }
2149         } else {
2150                 ast_debug(1, "Unable to open for writing: %s\n", fn);
2151                 ast_verb(2, "Unable to write '%s' (%s)\n", fn, strerror(errno));
2152                 if (fi) {
2153                         ao2_ref(fi, -1);
2154                 }
2155                 ao2_ref(fileset, -1);
2156                 return -1;
2157         }
2158
2159         /* Now, for files with trailing #include/#exec statements,
2160            we have to make sure every entry is output */
2161         for (incl=cfg->includes; incl; incl = incl->next) {
2162                 if (!incl->output) {
2163                         /* open the respective file */
2164                         fi = set_fn(fn, sizeof(fn), incl->include_location_file, configfile, fileset);
2165                         f = fopen(fn, "a");
2166                         if (!f) {
2167                                 ast_debug(1, "Unable to open for writing: %s\n", fn);
2168                                 ast_verb(2, "Unable to write %s (%s)\n", fn, strerror(errno));
2169                                 if (fi) {
2170                                         ao2_ref(fi, -1);
2171                                 }
2172                                 ao2_ref(fileset, -1);
2173                                 return -1;
2174                         }
2175
2176                         /* output the respective include */
2177                         if (incl->exec)
2178                                 fprintf(f,"#exec \"%s\"\n", incl->exec_file);
2179                         else
2180                                 fprintf(f,"#include \"%s\"\n", incl->included_file);
2181                         fclose(f);
2182                         incl->output = 1;
2183                         if (fi) {
2184                                 ao2_ref(fi, -1);
2185                         }
2186                 }
2187         }
2188         ao2_ref(fileset, -1); /* this should destroy the hash container */
2189
2190         return 0;
2191 }
2192
2193 static void clear_config_maps(void)
2194 {
2195         struct ast_config_map *map;
2196
2197         ast_mutex_lock(&config_lock);
2198
2199         while (config_maps) {
2200                 map = config_maps;
2201                 config_maps = config_maps->next;
2202                 ast_free(map);
2203         }
2204
2205         ast_mutex_unlock(&config_lock);
2206 }
2207
2208 static int append_mapping(const char *name, const char *driver, const char *database, const char *table, int priority)
2209 {
2210         struct ast_config_map *map;
2211         char *dst;
2212         int length;
2213
2214         length = sizeof(*map);
2215         length += strlen(name) + 1;
2216         length += strlen(driver) + 1;
2217         length += strlen(database) + 1;
2218         if (table)
2219                 length += strlen(table) + 1;
2220
2221         if (!(map = ast_calloc(1, length)))
2222                 return -1;
2223
2224         dst = map->stuff;       /* writable space starts here */
2225         map->name = strcpy(dst, name);
2226         dst += strlen(dst) + 1;
2227         map->driver = strcpy(dst, driver);
2228         dst += strlen(dst) + 1;
2229         map->database = strcpy(dst, database);
2230         if (table) {
2231                 dst += strlen(dst) + 1;
2232                 map->table = strcpy(dst, table);
2233         }
2234         map->priority = priority;
2235         map->next = config_maps;
2236         config_maps = map;
2237
2238         ast_verb(2, "Binding %s to %s/%s/%s\n", map->name, map->driver, map->database, map->table ? map->table : map->name);
2239
2240         return 0;
2241 }
2242
2243 int read_config_maps(void)
2244 {
2245         struct ast_config *config, *configtmp;
2246         struct ast_variable *v;
2247         char *driver, *table, *database, *textpri, *stringp, *tmp;
2248         struct ast_flags flags = { CONFIG_FLAG_NOREALTIME };
2249         int pri;
2250
2251         clear_config_maps();
2252
2253         configtmp = ast_config_new();
2254         if (!configtmp) {
2255                 ast_log(LOG_ERROR, "Unable to allocate memory for new config\n");
2256                 return -1;
2257         }
2258         configtmp->max_include_level = 1;
2259         config = ast_config_internal_load(extconfig_conf, configtmp, flags, "", "extconfig");
2260         if (config == CONFIG_STATUS_FILEINVALID) {
2261                 return -1;
2262         } else if (!config) {
2263                 ast_config_destroy(configtmp);
2264                 return 0;
2265         }
2266
2267         for (v = ast_variable_browse(config, "settings"); v; v = v->next) {
2268                 char buf[512];
2269                 ast_copy_string(buf, v->value, sizeof(buf));
2270                 stringp = buf;
2271                 driver = strsep(&stringp, ",");
2272
2273                 if ((tmp = strchr(stringp, '\"')))
2274                         stringp = tmp;
2275
2276                 /* check if the database text starts with a double quote */
2277                 if (*stringp == '"') {
2278                         stringp++;
2279                         database = strsep(&stringp, "\"");
2280                         strsep(&stringp, ",");
2281                 } else {
2282                         /* apparently this text has no quotes */
2283                         database = strsep(&stringp, ",");
2284                 }
2285
2286                 table = strsep(&stringp, ",");
2287                 textpri = strsep(&stringp, ",");
2288                 if (!textpri || !(pri = atoi(textpri))) {
2289                         pri = 1;
2290                 }
2291
2292                 if (!strcmp(v->name, extconfig_conf)) {
2293                         ast_log(LOG_WARNING, "Cannot bind '%s'!\n", extconfig_conf);
2294                         continue;
2295                 }
2296
2297                 if (!strcmp(v->name, "asterisk.conf")) {
2298                         ast_log(LOG_WARNING, "Cannot bind 'asterisk.conf'!\n");
2299                         continue;
2300                 }
2301
2302                 if (!strcmp(v->name, "logger.conf")) {
2303                         ast_log(LOG_WARNING, "Cannot bind 'logger.conf'!\n");
2304                         continue;
2305                 }
2306
2307                 if (!driver || !database)
2308                         continue;
2309                 if (!strcasecmp(v->name, "sipfriends")) {
2310                         ast_log(LOG_WARNING, "The 'sipfriends' table is obsolete, update your config to use sippeers instead.\n");
2311                         append_mapping("sippeers", driver, database, table ? table : "sipfriends", pri);
2312                 } else if (!strcasecmp(v->name, "iaxfriends")) {
2313                         ast_log(LOG_WARNING, "The 'iaxfriends' table is obsolete, update your config to use iaxusers and iaxpeers, though they can point to the same table.\n");
2314                         append_mapping("iaxusers", driver, database, table ? table : "iaxfriends", pri);
2315                         append_mapping("iaxpeers", driver, database, table ? table : "iaxfriends", pri);
2316                 } else
2317                         append_mapping(v->name, driver, database, table, pri);
2318         }
2319
2320         ast_config_destroy(config);
2321         return 0;
2322 }
2323
2324 int ast_config_engine_register(struct ast_config_engine *new)
2325 {
2326         struct ast_config_engine *ptr;
2327
2328         ast_mutex_lock(&config_lock);
2329
2330         if (!config_engine_list) {
2331                 config_engine_list = new;
2332         } else {
2333                 for (ptr = config_engine_list; ptr->next; ptr=ptr->next);
2334                 ptr->next = new;
2335         }
2336
2337         ast_mutex_unlock(&config_lock);
2338         ast_log(LOG_NOTICE,"Registered Config Engine %s\n", new->name);
2339
2340         return 1;
2341 }
2342
2343 int ast_config_engine_deregister(struct ast_config_engine *del)
2344 {
2345         struct ast_config_engine *ptr, *last=NULL;
2346
2347         ast_mutex_lock(&config_lock);
2348
2349         for (ptr = config_engine_list; ptr; ptr=ptr->next) {
2350                 if (ptr == del) {
2351                         if (last)
2352                                 last->next = ptr->next;
2353                         else
2354                                 config_engine_list = ptr->next;
2355                         break;
2356                 }
2357                 last = ptr;
2358         }
2359
2360         ast_mutex_unlock(&config_lock);
2361
2362         return 0;
2363 }
2364
2365 int ast_realtime_is_mapping_defined(const char *family)
2366 {
2367         struct ast_config_map *map;
2368         ast_mutex_lock(&config_lock);
2369
2370         for (map = config_maps; map; map = map->next) {
2371                 if (!strcasecmp(family, map->name)) {
2372                         ast_mutex_unlock(&config_lock);
2373                         return 1;
2374                 }
2375         }
2376
2377         ast_mutex_unlock(&config_lock);
2378
2379         return 0;
2380 }
2381
2382 /*! \brief Find realtime engine for realtime family */
2383 static struct ast_config_engine *find_engine(const char *family, int priority, char *database, int dbsiz, char *table, int tabsiz)
2384 {
2385         struct ast_config_engine *eng, *ret = NULL;
2386         struct ast_config_map *map;
2387
2388         ast_mutex_lock(&config_lock);
2389
2390         for (map = config_maps; map; map = map->next) {
2391                 if (!strcasecmp(family, map->name) && (priority == map->priority)) {
2392                         if (database)
2393                                 ast_copy_string(database, map->database, dbsiz);
2394                         if (table)
2395                                 ast_copy_string(table, map->table ? map->table : family, tabsiz);
2396                         break;
2397                 }
2398         }
2399
2400         /* Check if the required driver (engine) exist */
2401         if (map) {
2402                 for (eng = config_engine_list; !ret && eng; eng = eng->next) {
2403                         if (!strcasecmp(eng->name, map->driver))
2404                                 ret = eng;
2405                 }
2406         }
2407
2408         ast_mutex_unlock(&config_lock);
2409
2410         /* if we found a mapping, but the engine is not available, then issue a warning */
2411         if (map && !ret)
2412                 ast_log(LOG_WARNING, "Realtime mapping for '%s' found to engine '%s', but the engine is not available\n", map->name, map->driver);
2413
2414         return ret;
2415 }
2416
2417 static struct ast_config_engine text_file_engine = {
2418         .name = "text",
2419         .load_func = config_text_file_load,
2420 };
2421
2422 struct ast_config *ast_config_copy(const struct ast_config *old)
2423 {
2424         struct ast_config *new_config = ast_config_new();
2425         struct ast_category *cat_iter;
2426
2427         if (!new_config) {
2428                 return NULL;
2429         }
2430
2431         for (cat_iter = old->root; cat_iter; cat_iter = cat_iter->next) {
2432                 struct ast_category *new_cat =
2433                         ast_category_new(cat_iter->name, cat_iter->file, cat_iter->lineno);
2434                 if (!new_cat) {
2435                         goto fail;
2436                 }
2437                 ast_category_append(new_config, new_cat);
2438                 if (cat_iter->root) {
2439                         new_cat->root = ast_variables_dup(cat_iter->root);
2440                         if (!new_cat->root) {
2441                                 goto fail;
2442                         }
2443                         new_cat->last = cat_iter->last;
2444                 }
2445         }
2446
2447         return new_config;
2448
2449 fail:
2450         ast_config_destroy(new_config);
2451         return NULL;
2452 }
2453
2454
2455 struct ast_config *ast_config_internal_load(const char *filename, struct ast_config *cfg, struct ast_flags flags, const char *suggested_include_file, const char *who_asked)
2456 {
2457         char db[256];
2458         char table[256];
2459         struct ast_config_engine *loader = &text_file_engine;
2460         struct ast_config *result;
2461
2462         /* The config file itself bumps include_level by 1 */
2463         if (cfg->max_include_level > 0 && cfg->include_level == cfg->max_include_level + 1) {
2464                 ast_log(LOG_WARNING, "Maximum Include level (%d) exceeded\n", cfg->max_include_level);
2465                 return NULL;
2466         }
2467
2468         cfg->include_level++;
2469
2470         if (!ast_test_flag(&flags, CONFIG_FLAG_NOREALTIME) && config_engine_list) {
2471                 struct ast_config_engine *eng;
2472
2473                 eng = find_engine(filename, 1, db, sizeof(db), table, sizeof(table));
2474
2475
2476                 if (eng && eng->load_func) {
2477                         loader = eng;
2478                 } else {
2479                         eng = find_engine("global", 1, db, sizeof(db), table, sizeof(table));
2480                         if (eng && eng->load_func)
2481                                 loader = eng;
2482                 }
2483         }
2484
2485         result = loader->load_func(db, table, filename, cfg, flags, suggested_include_file, who_asked);
2486
2487         if (result && result != CONFIG_STATUS_FILEINVALID && result != CONFIG_STATUS_FILEUNCHANGED) {
2488                 result->include_level--;
2489                 config_hook_exec(filename, who_asked, result);
2490         } else if (result != CONFIG_STATUS_FILEINVALID) {
2491                 cfg->include_level--;
2492         }
2493
2494         return result;
2495 }
2496
2497 struct ast_config *ast_config_load2(const char *filename, const char *who_asked, struct ast_flags flags)
2498 {
2499         struct ast_config *cfg;
2500         struct ast_config *result;
2501
2502         cfg = ast_config_new();
2503         if (!cfg)
2504                 return NULL;
2505
2506         result = ast_config_internal_load(filename, cfg, flags, "", who_asked);
2507         if (!result || result == CONFIG_STATUS_FILEUNCHANGED || result == CONFIG_STATUS_FILEINVALID)
2508                 ast_config_destroy(cfg);
2509
2510         return result;
2511 }
2512
2513 static struct ast_variable *ast_load_realtime_helper(const char *family, va_list ap)
2514 {
2515         struct ast_config_engine *eng;
2516         char db[256];
2517         char table[256];
2518         struct ast_variable *res=NULL;
2519         int i;
2520
2521         for (i = 1; ; i++) {
2522                 if ((eng = find_engine(family, i, db, sizeof(db), table, sizeof(table)))) {
2523                         if (eng->realtime_func && (res = eng->realtime_func(db, table, ap))) {
2524                                 return res;
2525                         }
2526                 } else {
2527                         return NULL;
2528                 }
2529         }
2530
2531         return res;
2532 }
2533
2534 struct ast_variable *ast_load_realtime_all(const char *family, ...)
2535 {
2536         struct ast_variable *res;
2537         va_list ap;
2538
2539         va_start(ap, family);
2540         res = ast_load_realtime_helper(family, ap);
2541         va_end(ap);
2542
2543         return res;
2544 }
2545
2546 struct ast_variable *ast_load_realtime(const char *family, ...)
2547 {
2548         struct ast_variable *res;
2549         struct ast_variable *cur;
2550         struct ast_variable **prev;
2551         va_list ap;
2552
2553         va_start(ap, family);
2554         res = ast_load_realtime_helper(family, ap);
2555         va_end(ap);
2556
2557         /* Filter the list. */
2558         prev = &res;
2559         cur = res;
2560         while (cur) {
2561                 if (ast_strlen_zero(cur->value)) {
2562                         /* Eliminate empty entries */
2563                         struct ast_variable *next;
2564
2565                         next = cur->next;
2566                         *prev = next;
2567                         ast_variable_destroy(cur);
2568                         cur = next;
2569                 } else {
2570                         /* Make blank entries empty and keep them. */
2571                         if (cur->value[0] == ' ' && cur->value[1] == '\0') {
2572                                 char *vptr = (char *) cur->value;
2573
2574                                 vptr[0] = '\0';
2575                         }
2576
2577                         prev = &cur->next;
2578                         cur = cur->next;
2579                 }
2580         }
2581         return res;
2582 }
2583
2584 /*! \brief Check if realtime engine is configured for family */
2585 int ast_check_realtime(const char *family)
2586 {
2587         struct ast_config_engine *eng;
2588         if (!ast_realtime_enabled()) {
2589                 return 0;       /* There are no engines at all so fail early */
2590         }
2591
2592         eng = find_engine(family, 1, NULL, 0, NULL, 0);
2593         if (eng)
2594                 return 1;
2595         return 0;
2596 }
2597
2598 /*! \brief Check if there's any realtime engines loaded */
2599 int ast_realtime_enabled(void)
2600 {
2601         return config_maps ? 1 : 0;
2602 }
2603
2604 int ast_realtime_require_field(const char *family, ...)
2605 {
2606         struct ast_config_engine *eng;
2607         char db[256];
2608         char table[256];
2609         va_list ap;
2610         int res = -1, i;
2611
2612         va_start(ap, family);
2613         for (i = 1; ; i++) {
2614                 if ((eng = find_engine(family, i, db, sizeof(db), table, sizeof(table)))) {
2615                         /* If the require succeeds, it returns 0. */
2616                         if (eng->require_func && !(res = eng->require_func(db, table, ap))) {
2617                                 break;
2618                         }
2619                 } else {
2620                         break;
2621                 }
2622         }
2623         va_end(ap);
2624
2625         return res;
2626 }
2627
2628 int ast_unload_realtime(const char *family)
2629 {
2630         struct ast_config_engine *eng;
2631         char db[256];
2632         char table[256];
2633         int res = -1, i;
2634
2635         for (i = 1; ; i++) {
2636                 if ((eng = find_engine(family, i, db, sizeof(db), table, sizeof(table)))) {
2637                         if (eng->unload_func) {
2638                                 /* Do this for ALL engines */
2639                                 res = eng->unload_func(db, table);
2640                         }
2641                 } else {
2642                         break;
2643                 }
2644         }
2645         return res;
2646 }
2647
2648 struct ast_config *ast_load_realtime_multientry(const char *family, ...)
2649 {
2650         struct ast_config_engine *eng;
2651         char db[256];
2652         char table[256];
2653         struct ast_config *res = NULL;
2654         va_list ap;
2655         int i;
2656
2657         va_start(ap, family);
2658         for (i = 1; ; i++) {
2659                 if ((eng = find_engine(family, i, db, sizeof(db), table, sizeof(table)))) {
2660                         if (eng->realtime_multi_func && (res = eng->realtime_multi_func(db, table, ap))) {
2661                                 /* If we were returned an empty cfg, destroy it and return NULL */
2662                                 if (!res->root) {
2663                                         ast_config_destroy(res);
2664                                         res = NULL;
2665                                 }
2666                                 break;
2667                         }
2668                 } else {
2669                         break;
2670                 }
2671         }
2672         va_end(ap);
2673
2674         return res;
2675 }
2676
2677 int ast_update_realtime(const char *family, const char *keyfield, const char *lookup, ...)
2678 {
2679         struct ast_config_engine *eng;
2680         int res = -1, i;
2681         char db[256];
2682         char table[256];
2683         va_list ap;
2684
2685         va_start(ap, lookup);
2686         for (i = 1; ; i++) {
2687                 if ((eng = find_engine(family, i, db, sizeof(db), table, sizeof(table)))) {
2688                         /* If the update succeeds, it returns 0. */
2689                         if (eng->update_func && !(res = eng->update_func(db, table, keyfield, lookup, ap))) {
2690                                 break;
2691                         }
2692                 } else {
2693                         break;
2694                 }
2695         }
2696         va_end(ap);
2697
2698         return res;
2699 }
2700
2701 int ast_update2_realtime(const char *family, ...)
2702 {
2703         struct ast_config_engine *eng;
2704         int res = -1, i;
2705         char db[256];
2706         char table[256];
2707         va_list ap;
2708
2709         va_start(ap, family);
2710         for (i = 1; ; i++) {
2711                 if ((eng = find_engine(family, i, db, sizeof(db), table, sizeof(table)))) {
2712                         if (eng->update2_func && !(res = eng->update2_func(db, table, ap))) {
2713                                 break;
2714                         }
2715                 } else {
2716                         break;
2717                 }
2718         }
2719         va_end(ap);
2720
2721         return res;
2722 }
2723
2724 int ast_store_realtime(const char *family, ...)
2725 {
2726         struct ast_config_engine *eng;
2727         int res = -1, i;
2728         char db[256];
2729         char table[256];
2730         va_list ap;
2731
2732         va_start(ap, family);
2733         for (i = 1; ; i++) {
2734                 if ((eng = find_engine(family, i, db, sizeof(db), table, sizeof(table)))) {
2735                         /* If the store succeeds, it returns 0. */
2736                         if (eng->store_func && !(res = eng->store_func(db, table, ap))) {
2737                                 break;
2738                         }
2739                 } else {
2740                         break;
2741                 }
2742         }
2743         va_end(ap);
2744
2745         return res;
2746 }
2747
2748 int ast_destroy_realtime(const char *family, const char *keyfield, const char *lookup, ...)
2749 {
2750         struct ast_config_engine *eng;
2751         int res = -1, i;
2752         char db[256];
2753         char table[256];
2754         va_list ap;
2755
2756         va_start(ap, lookup);
2757         for (i = 1; ; i++) {
2758                 if ((eng = find_engine(family, i, db, sizeof(db), table, sizeof(table)))) {
2759                         if (eng->destroy_func && !(res = eng->destroy_func(db, table, keyfield, lookup, ap))) {
2760                                 break;
2761                         }
2762                 } else {
2763                         break;
2764                 }
2765         }
2766         va_end(ap);
2767
2768         return res;
2769 }
2770
2771 char *ast_realtime_decode_chunk(char *chunk)
2772 {
2773         char *orig = chunk;
2774         for (; *chunk; chunk++) {
2775                 if (*chunk == '^' && strchr("0123456789ABCDEFabcdef", chunk[1]) && strchr("0123456789ABCDEFabcdef", chunk[2])) {
2776                         sscanf(chunk + 1, "%02hhX", chunk);
2777                         memmove(chunk + 1, chunk + 3, strlen(chunk + 3) + 1);
2778                 }
2779         }
2780         return orig;
2781 }
2782
2783 char *ast_realtime_encode_chunk(struct ast_str **dest, ssize_t maxlen, const char *chunk)
2784 {
2785         if (!strchr(chunk, ';') && !strchr(chunk, '^')) {
2786                 ast_str_set(dest, maxlen, "%s", chunk);
2787         } else {
2788                 ast_str_reset(*dest);
2789                 for (; *chunk; chunk++) {
2790                         if (strchr(";^", *chunk)) {
2791                                 ast_str_append(dest, maxlen, "^%02hhX", *chunk);
2792                         } else {
2793                                 ast_str_append(dest, maxlen, "%c", *chunk);
2794                         }
2795                 }
2796         }
2797         return ast_str_buffer(*dest);
2798 }
2799
2800 /*! \brief Helper function to parse arguments
2801  * See documentation in config.h
2802  */
2803 int ast_parse_arg(const char *arg, enum ast_parse_flags flags,
2804         void *p_result, ...)
2805 {
2806         va_list ap;
2807         int error = 0;
2808
2809         va_start(ap, p_result);
2810         switch (flags & PARSE_TYPE) {
2811         case PARSE_INT32:
2812         {
2813                 long int x = 0;
2814                 int32_t *result = p_result;
2815                 int32_t def = result ? *result : 0, high = INT32_MAX, low = INT32_MIN;
2816                 char *endptr = NULL;
2817
2818                 /* optional arguments: default value and/or (low, high) */
2819                 if (flags & PARSE_DEFAULT) {
2820                         def = va_arg(ap, int32_t);
2821                 }
2822                 if (flags & (PARSE_IN_RANGE | PARSE_OUT_RANGE)) {
2823                         low = va_arg(ap, int32_t);
2824                         high = va_arg(ap, int32_t);
2825                 }
2826                 if (ast_strlen_zero(arg)) {
2827                         error = 1;
2828                         goto int32_done;
2829                 }
2830                 x = strtol(arg, &endptr, 0);
2831                 if (*endptr || x < INT32_MIN || x > INT32_MAX) {
2832                         /* Parse error, or type out of int32_t bounds */
2833                         error = 1;
2834                         goto int32_done;
2835                 }
2836                 error = (x < low) || (x > high);
2837                 if (flags & PARSE_RANGE_DEFAULTS) {
2838                         if (x < low) {
2839                                 def = low;
2840                         } else if (x > high) {
2841                                 def = high;
2842                         }
2843                 }
2844                 if (flags & PARSE_OUT_RANGE) {
2845                         error = !error;
2846                 }
2847 int32_done:
2848                 if (result) {
2849                         *result  = error ? def : x;
2850                 }
2851
2852                 ast_debug(3, "extract int from [%s] in [%d, %d] gives [%ld](%d)\n",
2853                                 arg, low, high, result ? *result : x, error);
2854                 break;
2855         }
2856
2857         case PARSE_UINT32:
2858         {
2859                 unsigned long int x = 0;
2860                 uint32_t *result = p_result;
2861                 uint32_t def = result ? *result : 0, low = 0, high = UINT32_MAX;
2862                 char *endptr = NULL;
2863
2864                 /* optional argument: first default value, then range */
2865                 if (flags & PARSE_DEFAULT) {
2866                         def = va_arg(ap, uint32_t);
2867                 }
2868                 if (flags & (PARSE_IN_RANGE|PARSE_OUT_RANGE)) {
2869                         /* range requested, update bounds */
2870                         low = va_arg(ap, uint32_t);
2871                         high = va_arg(ap, uint32_t);
2872                 }
2873
2874                 if (ast_strlen_zero(arg)) {
2875                         error = 1;
2876                         goto uint32_done;
2877                 }
2878                 /* strtoul will happilly and silently negate negative numbers */
2879                 arg = ast_skip_blanks(arg);
2880                 if (*arg == '-') {
2881                         error = 1;
2882                         goto uint32_done;
2883                 }
2884                 x = strtoul(arg, &endptr, 0);
2885                 if (*endptr || x > UINT32_MAX) {
2886                         error = 1;
2887                         goto uint32_done;
2888                 }
2889                 error = (x < low) || (x > high);
2890                 if (flags & PARSE_RANGE_DEFAULTS) {
2891                         if (x < low) {
2892                                 def = low;
2893                         } else if (x > high) {
2894                                 def = high;
2895                         }
2896                 }
2897                 if (flags & PARSE_OUT_RANGE) {
2898                         error = !error;
2899                 }
2900 uint32_done:
2901                 if (result) {
2902                         *result  = error ? def : x;
2903                 }
2904                 ast_debug(3, "extract uint from [%s] in [%u, %u] gives [%lu](%d)\n",
2905                                 arg, low, high, result ? *result : x, error);
2906                 break;
2907         }
2908
2909         case PARSE_DOUBLE:
2910         {
2911                 double *result = p_result;
2912                 double x = 0, def = result ? *result : 0, low = -HUGE_VAL, high = HUGE_VAL;
2913                 char *endptr = NULL;
2914
2915                 /* optional argument: first default value, then range */
2916                 if (flags & PARSE_DEFAULT) {
2917                         def = va_arg(ap, double);
2918                 }
2919                 if (flags & (PARSE_IN_RANGE | PARSE_OUT_RANGE)) {
2920                         /* range requested, update bounds */
2921                         low = va_arg(ap, double);
2922                         high = va_arg(ap, double);
2923                 }
2924                 if (ast_strlen_zero(arg)) {
2925                         error = 1;
2926                         goto double_done;
2927                 }
2928                 errno = 0;
2929                 x = strtod(arg, &endptr);
2930                 if (*endptr || errno == ERANGE) {
2931                         error = 1;
2932                         goto double_done;
2933                 }
2934                 error = (x < low) || (x > high);
2935                 if (flags & PARSE_OUT_RANGE) {
2936                         error = !error;
2937                 }
2938 double_done:
2939                 if (result) {
2940                         *result = error ? def : x;
2941                 }
2942                 ast_debug(3, "extract double from [%s] in [%f, %f] gives [%f](%d)\n",
2943                                 arg, low, high, result ? *result : x, error);
2944                 break;
2945         }
2946         case PARSE_ADDR:
2947             {
2948                 struct ast_sockaddr *addr = (struct ast_sockaddr *)p_result;
2949
2950                 if (!ast_sockaddr_parse(addr, arg, flags & PARSE_PORT_MASK)) {
2951                         error = 1;
2952                 }
2953
2954                 ast_debug(3, "extract addr from %s gives %s(%d)\n",
2955                           arg, ast_sockaddr_stringify(addr), error);
2956
2957                 break;
2958             }
2959         case PARSE_INADDR:      /* TODO Remove this (use PARSE_ADDR instead). */
2960             {
2961                 char *port, *buf;
2962                 struct sockaddr_in _sa_buf;     /* buffer for the result */
2963                 struct sockaddr_in *sa = p_result ?
2964                         (struct sockaddr_in *)p_result : &_sa_buf;
2965                 /* default is either the supplied value or the result itself */
2966                 struct sockaddr_in *def = (flags & PARSE_DEFAULT) ?
2967                         va_arg(ap, struct sockaddr_in *) : sa;
2968                 struct hostent *hp;
2969                 struct ast_hostent ahp;
2970
2971                 memset(&_sa_buf, '\0', sizeof(_sa_buf)); /* clear buffer */
2972                 /* duplicate the string to strip away the :port */
2973                 port = ast_strdupa(arg);
2974                 buf = strsep(&port, ":");
2975                 sa->sin_family = AF_INET;       /* assign family */
2976                 /*
2977                  * honor the ports flag setting, assign default value
2978                  * in case of errors or field unset.
2979                  */
2980                 flags &= PARSE_PORT_MASK; /* the only flags left to process */
2981                 if (port) {
2982                         if (flags == PARSE_PORT_FORBID) {
2983                                 error = 1;      /* port was forbidden */
2984                                 sa->sin_port = def->sin_port;
2985                         } else if (flags == PARSE_PORT_IGNORE)
2986                                 sa->sin_port = def->sin_port;
2987                         else /* accept or require */
2988                                 sa->sin_port = htons(strtol(port, NULL, 0));
2989                 } else {
2990                         sa->sin_port = def->sin_port;
2991                         if (flags == PARSE_PORT_REQUIRE)
2992                                 error = 1;
2993                 }
2994                 /* Now deal with host part, even if we have errors before. */
2995                 hp = ast_gethostbyname(buf, &ahp);
2996                 if (hp) /* resolved successfully */
2997                         memcpy(&sa->sin_addr, hp->h_addr, sizeof(sa->sin_addr));
2998                 else {
2999                         error = 1;
3000                         sa->sin_addr = def->sin_addr;
3001                 }
3002                 ast_debug(3,
3003                         "extract inaddr from [%s] gives [%s:%d](%d)\n",
3004                         arg, ast_inet_ntoa(sa->sin_addr),
3005                         ntohs(sa->sin_port), error);
3006                 break;
3007             }
3008         }
3009         va_end(ap);
3010         return error;
3011 }
3012
3013 static char *handle_cli_core_show_config_mappings(struct ast_cli_entry *e, int cmd, struct ast_cli_args *a)
3014 {
3015         struct ast_config_engine *eng;
3016         struct ast_config_map *map;
3017
3018         switch (cmd) {
3019         case CLI_INIT:
3020                 e->command = "core show config mappings";
3021                 e->usage =
3022                         "Usage: core show config mappings\n"
3023                         "       Shows the filenames to config engines.\n";
3024                 return NULL;
3025         case CLI_GENERATE:
3026                 return NULL;
3027         }
3028
3029         ast_mutex_lock(&config_lock);
3030
3031         if (!config_engine_list) {
3032                 ast_cli(a->fd, "No config mappings found.\n");
3033         } else {
3034                 for (eng = config_engine_list; eng; eng = eng->next) {
3035                         ast_cli(a->fd, "Config Engine: %s\n", eng->name);
3036                         for (map = config_maps; map; map = map->next) {
3037                                 if (!strcasecmp(map->driver, eng->name)) {
3038                                         ast_cli(a->fd, "===> %s (db=%s, table=%s)\n", map->name, map->database,
3039                                                         map->table ? map->table : map->name);
3040                                 }
3041                         }
3042                 }
3043         }
3044
3045         ast_mutex_unlock(&config_lock);
3046
3047         return CLI_SUCCESS;
3048 }
3049
3050 static char *handle_cli_config_reload(struct ast_cli_entry *e, int cmd, struct ast_cli_args *a)
3051 {
3052         struct cache_file_mtime *cfmtime;
3053         char *prev = "", *completion_value = NULL;
3054         int wordlen, which = 0;
3055
3056         switch (cmd) {
3057  &n