dtls: Add support for ephemeral DTLS certificates.
authorSean Bright <sean.bright@gmail.com>
Fri, 29 Sep 2017 14:50:17 +0000 (14:50 +0000)
committerJoshua Colp <jcolp@digium.com>
Mon, 6 Nov 2017 13:11:48 +0000 (08:11 -0500)
This mimics the behavior of Chrome and Firefox and creates an ephemeral
X.509 certificate for each DTLS session.

Currently, the only supported key type is ECDSA because of its faster
generation time, but other key types can be added in the future as
necessary.

ASTERISK-27395

Change-Id: I5122e5f4b83c6320cc17407a187fcf491daf30b4

CHANGES
channels/chan_sip.c
configs/samples/pjsip.conf.sample
configs/samples/sip.conf.sample
contrib/ast-db-manage/config/versions/041c0d3d1857_add_dtls_auto_gen_cert.py [new file with mode: 0644]
include/asterisk/rtp_engine.h
main/rtp_engine.c
res/res_pjsip.c
res/res_pjsip/pjsip_configuration.c
res/res_rtp_asterisk.c

diff --git a/CHANGES b/CHANGES
index 39b62d0..12fe0fe 100644 (file)
--- a/CHANGES
+++ b/CHANGES
@@ -30,6 +30,14 @@ chan_sip
 --- Functionality changes from Asterisk 15.1.0 to Asterisk 15.2.0 ------------
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
+res_rtp_asterisk
+------------------
+ * The X.509 certificate used for DTLS negotation can now be automatically
+   generated. This is supported by res_pjsip by specifying
+   "dtls_auto_generate_cert = yes" on a PJSIP endpoint. For chan_sip, you
+   would set "dtlsautogeneratecert = yes" either in the [general] section of
+   sip.conf or on a specific peer.
+
 res_pjsip
 ------------------
  * The "identify_by" on endpoints can now be set to "ip" to restrict an endpoint
index fd780b6..bd68ec0 100644 (file)
@@ -31946,6 +31946,14 @@ static struct sip_peer *build_peer(const char *name, struct ast_variable *v_head
                        }
                }
 
+               /* Validate DTLS configuration */
+               if (ast_rtp_dtls_cfg_validate(&peer->dtls_cfg)) {
+                       sip_unref_peer(peer, "Removing peer due to bad DTLS configuration");
+                       return NULL;
+               }
+
+               /* SRB */
+
                /* Apply the encryption tag length to the DTLS configuration, in case DTLS is in use */
                peer->dtls_cfg.suite = (ast_test_flag(&peer->flags[2], SIP_PAGE3_SRTP_TAG_32) ? AST_AES_CM_128_HMAC_SHA1_32 : AST_AES_CM_128_HMAC_SHA1_80);
 
@@ -33145,6 +33153,11 @@ static int reload_config(enum channelreloadreason reason)
                }
        }
 
+       /* Validate DTLS configuration */
+       if (ast_rtp_dtls_cfg_validate(&default_dtls_cfg)) {
+               return -1;
+       }
+
        /* Override global defaults if setting found in general section */
        ast_copy_flags(&global_flags[0], &setflags[0], mask[0].flags);
        ast_copy_flags(&global_flags[1], &setflags[1], mask[1].flags);
index 800ff0f..302899a 100644 (file)
                 ; "no")
 ;dtls_rekey=0   ; Interval at which to renegotiate the TLS session and rekey
                 ; the SRTP session (default: "0")
-;dtls_cert_file=        ; Path to certificate file to present to peer (default:
-                        ; "")
-;dtls_private_key=      ; Path to private key for certificate file (default:
-                        ; "")
+;dtls_auto_generate_cert= ; Enable ephemeral DTLS certificate generation (default:
+                          ; "no")
+;dtls_cert_file=          ; Path to certificate file to present to peer (default:
+                          ; "")
+;dtls_private_key=        ; Path to private key for certificate file (default:
+                          ; "")
 ;dtls_cipher=   ; Cipher to use for DTLS negotiation (default: "")
 ;dtls_ca_file=  ; Path to certificate authority certificate (default: "")
 ;dtls_ca_path=  ; Path to a directory containing certificate authority
index 9b52ec0..ace5097 100644 (file)
@@ -1340,6 +1340,7 @@ srvlookup=yes                   ; Enable DNS SRV lookups on outbound calls
 ; encryption
 ; description          ; Used to provide a description of the peer in console output
 ; dtlsenable
+; dtlsautogeneratecert
 ; dtlsverify
 ; dtlsrekey
 ; dtlscertfile
@@ -1369,6 +1370,7 @@ srvlookup=yes                   ; Enable DNS SRV lookups on outbound calls
 ;                                   ; A value of 'certificate' will perform ONLY certficiate verification
 ; dtlsrekey = 60                     ; Interval at which to renegotiate the TLS session and rekey the SRTP session
 ;                                    ; If this is not set or the value provided is 0 rekeying will be disabled
+; dtlsautogeneratecert = yes         ; Enable ephemeral DTLS certificate generation. The default is 'no.'
 ; dtlscertfile = file                ; Path to certificate file to present
 ; dtlsprivatekey = file              ; Path to private key for certificate file
 ; dtlscipher = <SSL cipher string>   ; Cipher to use for TLS negotiation
diff --git a/contrib/ast-db-manage/config/versions/041c0d3d1857_add_dtls_auto_gen_cert.py b/contrib/ast-db-manage/config/versions/041c0d3d1857_add_dtls_auto_gen_cert.py
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..2733b35
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,33 @@
+"""add_dtls_auto_generate_cert
+
+Revision ID: 041c0d3d1857
+Revises: de83fac997e2
+Create Date: 2017-10-30 14:28:10.548395
+
+"""
+
+# revision identifiers, used by Alembic.
+revision = '041c0d3d1857'
+down_revision = 'de83fac997e2'
+
+from alembic import op
+import sqlalchemy as sa
+from sqlalchemy.dialects.postgresql import ENUM
+
+YESNO_NAME = 'yesno_values'
+YESNO_VALUES = ['yes', 'no']
+
+def upgrade():
+    ############################# Enums ##############################
+
+    # yesno_values have already been created, so use postgres enum object
+    # type to get around "already created" issue - works okay with mysql
+    yesno_values = ENUM(*YESNO_VALUES, name=YESNO_NAME, create_type=False)
+
+    op.add_column('ps_endpoints', sa.Column('dtls_auto_generate_cert', yesno_values))
+
+
+def downgrade():
+    if op.get_context().bind.dialect.name == 'mssql':
+        op.drop_constraint('ck_ps_endpoints_dtls_auto_generate_cert_yesno_values', 'ps_endpoints')
+    op.drop_column('ps_endpoints', 'dtls_auto_generate_cert')
index 3ceac84..f9d686a 100644 (file)
@@ -508,6 +508,7 @@ struct ast_rtp_dtls_cfg {
        char *cipher;                          /*!< Cipher to use */
        char *cafile;                          /*!< Certificate authority file */
        char *capath;                          /*!< Path to certificate authority */
+       unsigned int ephemeral_cert:1;         /*!< Whether to not to generate an ephemeral certificate - defaults to 0 (off) */
 };
 
 /*! \brief Structure that represents the optional DTLS SRTP support within an RTP engine */
@@ -2350,6 +2351,16 @@ struct ast_rtp_engine_dtls *ast_rtp_instance_get_dtls(struct ast_rtp_instance *i
 int ast_rtp_dtls_cfg_parse(struct ast_rtp_dtls_cfg *dtls_cfg, const char *name, const char *value);
 
 /*!
+ * \brief Validates DTLS related configuration options
+ *
+ * \param dtls_cfg a DTLS configuration structure
+ *
+ * \retval 0 if valid
+ * \retval -1 if invalid
+ */
+int ast_rtp_dtls_cfg_validate(struct ast_rtp_dtls_cfg *dtls_cfg);
+
+/*!
  * \brief Copy contents of a DTLS configuration structure
  *
  * \param src_cfg source DTLS configuration structure
index 226b229..0aed8e9 100644 (file)
@@ -2717,6 +2717,8 @@ int ast_rtp_dtls_cfg_parse(struct ast_rtp_dtls_cfg *dtls_cfg, const char *name,
                if (sscanf(value, "%30u", &dtls_cfg->rekey) != 1) {
                        return -1;
                }
+       } else if (!strcasecmp(name, "dtlsautogeneratecert")) {
+               dtls_cfg->ephemeral_cert = ast_true(value) ? 1 : 0;
        } else if (!strcasecmp(name, "dtlscertfile")) {
                if (!ast_strlen_zero(value) && !ast_file_is_readable(value)) {
                        ast_log(LOG_ERROR, "%s file %s does not exist or is not readable\n", name, value);
@@ -2769,6 +2771,25 @@ int ast_rtp_dtls_cfg_parse(struct ast_rtp_dtls_cfg *dtls_cfg, const char *name,
        return 0;
 }
 
+int ast_rtp_dtls_cfg_validate(struct ast_rtp_dtls_cfg *dtls_cfg)
+{
+       if (dtls_cfg->ephemeral_cert) {
+               if (!ast_strlen_zero(dtls_cfg->certfile)) {
+                       ast_log(LOG_ERROR, "You cannot request automatically generated certificates"
+                               " (dtls_auto_generate_cert) and also specify a certificate file"
+                               " (dtls_cert_file) at the same time\n");
+                       return -1;
+               } else if (!ast_strlen_zero(dtls_cfg->pvtfile)
+                                 || !ast_strlen_zero(dtls_cfg->cafile)
+                                 || !ast_strlen_zero(dtls_cfg->capath)) {
+                       ast_log(LOG_NOTICE, "dtls_pvt_file, dtls_cafile, and dtls_ca_path are"
+                               " ignored when dtls_auto_generate_cert is enabled\n");
+               }
+       }
+
+       return 0;
+}
+
 void ast_rtp_dtls_cfg_copy(const struct ast_rtp_dtls_cfg *src_cfg, struct ast_rtp_dtls_cfg *dst_cfg)
 {
        ast_rtp_dtls_cfg_free(dst_cfg);         /* Prevent a double-call leaking memory via ast_strdup */
@@ -2778,6 +2799,7 @@ void ast_rtp_dtls_cfg_copy(const struct ast_rtp_dtls_cfg *src_cfg, struct ast_rt
        dst_cfg->rekey = src_cfg->rekey;
        dst_cfg->suite = src_cfg->suite;
        dst_cfg->hash = src_cfg->hash;
+       dst_cfg->ephemeral_cert = src_cfg->ephemeral_cert;
        dst_cfg->certfile = ast_strdup(src_cfg->certfile);
        dst_cfg->pvtfile = ast_strdup(src_cfg->pvtfile);
        dst_cfg->cipher = ast_strdup(src_cfg->cipher);
index 7499ded..1b59b28 100644 (file)
                                                If this is not set or the value provided is 0 rekeying will be disabled.
                                        </para></description>
                                </configOption>
+                               <configOption name="dtls_auto_generate_cert" default="no">
+                                       <synopsis>Whether or not to automatically generate an ephemeral X.509 certificate</synopsis>
+                                       <description>
+                                               <para>
+                                                       If enabled, Asterisk will generate an X.509 certificate for each DTLS session.
+                                                       This option only applies if <replaceable>media_encryption</replaceable> is set
+                                                       to <literal>dtls</literal>. This option will be automatically enabled if
+                                                       <literal>webrtc</literal> is enabled and <literal>dtls_cert_file</literal> is
+                                                       not specified.
+                                               </para>
+                                       </description>
+                               </configOption>
                                <configOption name="dtls_cert_file">
                                        <synopsis>Path to certificate file to present to peer</synopsis>
                                        <description><para>
                                                use_received_transport. The following configuration settings also get defaulted
                                                as follows:</para>
                                                <para>media_encryption=dtls</para>
+                                               <para>dtls_auto_generate_cert=yes (if dtls_cert_file is not set)</para>
                                                <para>dtls_verify=fingerprint</para>
                                                <para>dtls_setup=actpass</para>
                                        </description>
index 6db5b38..2b6a2bb 100644 (file)
@@ -991,6 +991,13 @@ static int dtlsrekey_to_str(const void *obj, const intptr_t *args, char **buf)
                buf, "%u", endpoint->media.rtp.dtls_cfg.rekey) >=0 ? 0 : -1;
 }
 
+static int dtlsautogeneratecert_to_str(const void *obj, const intptr_t *args, char **buf)
+{
+       const struct ast_sip_endpoint *endpoint = obj;
+       *buf = ast_strdup(AST_YESNO(endpoint->media.rtp.dtls_cfg.ephemeral_cert));
+       return 0;
+}
+
 static int dtlscertfile_to_str(const void *obj, const intptr_t *args, char **buf)
 {
        const struct ast_sip_endpoint *endpoint = obj;
@@ -1353,6 +1360,10 @@ static int sip_endpoint_apply_handler(const struct ast_sorcery *sorcery, void *o
                return -1;
        }
 
+       if (ast_rtp_dtls_cfg_validate(&endpoint->media.rtp.dtls_cfg)) {
+               return -1;
+       }
+
        endpoint->media.topology = ast_stream_topology_create_from_format_cap(endpoint->media.codecs);
        if (!endpoint->media.topology) {
                return -1;
@@ -1377,9 +1388,8 @@ static int sip_endpoint_apply_handler(const struct ast_sorcery *sorcery, void *o
                endpoint->media.rtp.dtls_cfg.verify = AST_RTP_DTLS_VERIFY_FINGERPRINT;
 
                if (ast_strlen_zero(endpoint->media.rtp.dtls_cfg.certfile)) {
-                       ast_log(LOG_ERROR, "WebRTC can't be enabled on endpoint '%s' - a DTLS cert "
-                               "has not been specified", ast_sorcery_object_get_id(endpoint));
-                       return -1;
+                       /* If no certificate has been specified, try to automatically create one */
+                       endpoint->media.rtp.dtls_cfg.ephemeral_cert = 1;
                }
        }
 
@@ -1967,6 +1977,7 @@ int ast_res_pjsip_initialize_configuration(void)
        ast_sorcery_object_field_register(sip_sorcery, "endpoint", "rtp_engine", "asterisk", OPT_STRINGFIELD_T, 0, STRFLDSET(struct ast_sip_endpoint, media.rtp.engine));
        ast_sorcery_object_field_register_custom(sip_sorcery, "endpoint", "dtls_verify", "no", dtls_handler, dtlsverify_to_str, NULL, 0, 0);
        ast_sorcery_object_field_register_custom(sip_sorcery, "endpoint", "dtls_rekey", "0", dtls_handler, dtlsrekey_to_str, NULL, 0, 0);
+       ast_sorcery_object_field_register_custom(sip_sorcery, "endpoint", "dtls_auto_generate_cert", "no", dtls_handler, dtlsautogeneratecert_to_str, NULL, 0, 0);
        ast_sorcery_object_field_register_custom(sip_sorcery, "endpoint", "dtls_cert_file", "", dtls_handler, dtlscertfile_to_str, NULL, 0, 0);
        ast_sorcery_object_field_register_custom(sip_sorcery, "endpoint", "dtls_private_key", "", dtls_handler, dtlsprivatekey_to_str, NULL, 0, 0);
        ast_sorcery_object_field_register_custom(sip_sorcery, "endpoint", "dtls_cipher", "", dtls_handler, dtlscipher_to_str, NULL, 0, 0);
index f5d9134..15ca150 100644 (file)
@@ -1593,46 +1593,31 @@ static int dtls_setup_rtcp(struct ast_rtp_instance *instance)
        return dtls_details_initialize(&rtp->rtcp->dtls, rtp->ssl_ctx, rtp->dtls.dtls_setup);
 }
 
-/*! \pre instance is locked */
-static int ast_rtp_dtls_set_configuration(struct ast_rtp_instance *instance, const struct ast_rtp_dtls_cfg *dtls_cfg)
+static const SSL_METHOD *get_dtls_method(void)
 {
-       struct ast_rtp *rtp = ast_rtp_instance_get_data(instance);
-       int res;
-#ifdef HAVE_OPENSSL_EC
-       EC_KEY *ecdh;
-#endif
-
-       if (!dtls_cfg->enabled) {
-               return 0;
-       }
-
-       if (!ast_rtp_engine_srtp_is_registered()) {
-               ast_log(LOG_ERROR, "SRTP support module is not loaded or available. Try loading res_srtp.so.\n");
-               return -1;
-       }
-
-       if (rtp->ssl_ctx) {
-               return 0;
-       }
-
 #if OPENSSL_VERSION_NUMBER < 0x10002000L || defined(LIBRESSL_VERSION_NUMBER)
-       rtp->ssl_ctx = SSL_CTX_new(DTLSv1_method());
+       return DTLSv1_method();
 #else
-       rtp->ssl_ctx = SSL_CTX_new(DTLS_method());
+       return DTLS_method();
 #endif
-       if (!rtp->ssl_ctx) {
-               return -1;
-       }
+}
 
-       SSL_CTX_set_read_ahead(rtp->ssl_ctx, 1);
+struct dtls_cert_info {
+       EVP_PKEY *private_key;
+       X509 *certificate;
+};
 
 #ifdef HAVE_OPENSSL_EC
 
+static void configure_dhparams(const struct ast_rtp *rtp, const struct ast_rtp_dtls_cfg *dtls_cfg)
+{
+       EC_KEY *ecdh;
+
        if (!ast_strlen_zero(dtls_cfg->pvtfile)) {
                BIO *bio = BIO_new_file(dtls_cfg->pvtfile, "r");
-               if (bio != NULL) {
+               if (bio) {
                        DH *dh = PEM_read_bio_DHparams(bio, NULL, NULL, NULL);
-                       if (dh != NULL) {
+                       if (dh) {
                                if (SSL_CTX_set_tmp_dh(rtp->ssl_ctx, dh)) {
                                        long options = SSL_OP_CIPHER_SERVER_PREFERENCE |
                                                SSL_OP_SINGLE_DH_USE | SSL_OP_SINGLE_ECDH_USE;
@@ -1644,9 +1629,10 @@ static int ast_rtp_dtls_set_configuration(struct ast_rtp_instance *instance, con
                        BIO_free(bio);
                }
        }
+
        /* enables AES-128 ciphers, to get AES-256 use NID_secp384r1 */
        ecdh = EC_KEY_new_by_curve_name(NID_X9_62_prime256v1);
-       if (ecdh != NULL) {
+       if (ecdh) {
                if (SSL_CTX_set_tmp_ecdh(rtp->ssl_ctx, ecdh)) {
                        #ifndef SSL_CTRL_SET_ECDH_AUTO
                                #define SSL_CTRL_SET_ECDH_AUTO 94
@@ -1660,8 +1646,251 @@ static int ast_rtp_dtls_set_configuration(struct ast_rtp_instance *instance, con
                }
                EC_KEY_free(ecdh);
        }
+}
+
+static int create_ephemeral_ec_keypair(EVP_PKEY **keypair)
+{
+       EC_KEY *eckey = NULL;
+       EC_GROUP *group = NULL;
+
+       group = EC_GROUP_new_by_curve_name(NID_X9_62_prime256v1);
+       if (!group) {
+               goto error;
+       }
+
+       EC_GROUP_set_asn1_flag(group, OPENSSL_EC_NAMED_CURVE);
+       EC_GROUP_set_point_conversion_form(group, POINT_CONVERSION_UNCOMPRESSED);
+
+       eckey = EC_KEY_new();
+       if (!eckey) {
+               goto error;
+       }
+
+       if (!EC_KEY_set_group(eckey, group)) {
+               goto error;
+       }
+
+       if (!EC_KEY_generate_key(eckey)) {
+               goto error;
+       }
+
+       *keypair = EVP_PKEY_new();
+       if (!*keypair) {
+               goto error;
+       }
+
+       EVP_PKEY_assign_EC_KEY(*keypair, eckey);
+       EC_GROUP_free(group);
+
+       return 0;
+
+error:
+       EC_KEY_free(eckey);
+       EC_GROUP_free(group);
+
+       return -1;
+}
+
+/* From OpenSSL's x509 command */
+#define SERIAL_RAND_BITS 159
+
+static int create_ephemeral_certificate(EVP_PKEY *keypair, X509 **certificate)
+{
+       X509 *cert = NULL;
+       BIGNUM *serial = NULL;
+       X509_NAME *name = NULL;
+
+       cert = X509_new();
+       if (!cert) {
+               goto error;
+       }
+
+       if (!X509_set_version(cert, 2)) {
+               goto error;
+       }
+
+       /* Set the public key */
+       X509_set_pubkey(cert, keypair);
+
+       /* Generate a random serial number */
+       if (!(serial = BN_new())
+          || !BN_rand(serial, SERIAL_RAND_BITS, -1, 0)
+          || !BN_to_ASN1_INTEGER(serial, X509_get_serialNumber(cert))) {
+               goto error;
+       }
+
+       /*
+        * Validity period - Current Chrome & Firefox make it 31 days starting
+        * with yesterday at the current time, so we will do the same.
+        */
+       if (!X509_time_adj_ex(X509_get_notBefore(cert), -1, 0, NULL)
+          || !X509_time_adj_ex(X509_get_notAfter(cert), 30, 0, NULL)) {
+               goto error;
+       }
+
+       /* Set the name and issuer */
+       if (!(name = X509_get_subject_name(cert))
+          || !X509_NAME_add_entry_by_NID(name, NID_commonName, MBSTRING_ASC,
+                                                                         (unsigned char *) "asterisk", -1, -1, 0)
+          || !X509_set_issuer_name(cert, name)) {
+               goto error;
+       }
+
+       /* Sign it */
+       if (!X509_sign(cert, keypair, EVP_sha256())) {
+               goto error;
+       }
+
+       *certificate = cert;
+
+       return 0;
+
+error:
+       BN_free(serial);
+       X509_free(cert);
+
+       return -1;
+}
+
+static int create_certificate_ephemeral(struct ast_rtp_instance *instance,
+                                                                               const struct ast_rtp_dtls_cfg *dtls_cfg,
+                                                                               struct dtls_cert_info *cert_info)
+{
+       /* Make sure these are initialized */
+       cert_info->private_key = NULL;
+       cert_info->certificate = NULL;
+
+       if (create_ephemeral_ec_keypair(&cert_info->private_key)) {
+               ast_log(LOG_ERROR, "Failed to create ephemeral ECDSA keypair\n");
+               goto error;
+       }
+
+       if (create_ephemeral_certificate(cert_info->private_key, &cert_info->certificate)) {
+               ast_log(LOG_ERROR, "Failed to create ephemeral X509 certificate\n");
+               goto error;
+       }
+
+       return 0;
+
+  error:
+       X509_free(cert_info->certificate);
+       EVP_PKEY_free(cert_info->private_key);
+
+       return -1;
+}
+
+#else
+
+static void configure_dhparams(const struct ast_rtp *rtp, const struct ast_rtp_dtls_cfg *dtls_cfg)
+{
+}
+
+static int create_certificate_ephemeral(struct ast_rtp_instance *instance,
+                                                                               const struct ast_rtp_dtls_cfg *dtls_cfg,
+                                                                               struct dtls_cert_info *cert_info)
+{
+       ast_log(LOG_ERROR, "Your version of OpenSSL does not support ECDSA keys\n");
+       return -1;
+}
+
+#endif /* HAVE_OPENSSL_EC */
+
+static int create_certificate_from_file(struct ast_rtp_instance *instance,
+                                                                               const struct ast_rtp_dtls_cfg *dtls_cfg,
+                                                                               struct dtls_cert_info *cert_info)
+{
+       FILE *fp;
+       BIO *certbio = NULL;
+       EVP_PKEY *private_key = NULL;
+       X509 *cert = NULL;
+       char *private_key_file = ast_strlen_zero(dtls_cfg->pvtfile) ? dtls_cfg->certfile : dtls_cfg->pvtfile;
+
+       fp = fopen(private_key_file, "r");
+       if (!fp) {
+               ast_log(LOG_ERROR, "Failed to read private key from file '%s': %s\n", private_key_file, strerror(errno));
+               goto error;
+       }
+
+       if (!PEM_read_PrivateKey(fp, &private_key, NULL, NULL)) {
+               ast_log(LOG_ERROR, "Failed to read private key from PEM file '%s'\n", private_key_file);
+               fclose(fp);
+               goto error;
+       }
+
+       if (fclose(fp)) {
+               ast_log(LOG_ERROR, "Failed to close private key file '%s': %s\n", private_key_file, strerror(errno));
+               goto error;
+       }
+
+       certbio = BIO_new(BIO_s_file());
+       if (!certbio) {
+               ast_log(LOG_ERROR, "Failed to allocate memory for certificate fingerprinting on RTP instance '%p'\n",
+                               instance);
+               goto error;
+       }
+
+       if (!BIO_read_filename(certbio, dtls_cfg->certfile)
+          || !(cert = PEM_read_bio_X509(certbio, NULL, 0, NULL))) {
+               ast_log(LOG_ERROR, "Failed to read certificate from file '%s'\n", dtls_cfg->certfile);
+               goto error;
+       }
+
+       cert_info->private_key = private_key;
+       cert_info->certificate = cert;
+
+       BIO_free_all(certbio);
+
+       return 0;
+
+error:
+       X509_free(cert);
+       BIO_free_all(certbio);
+       EVP_PKEY_free(private_key);
+
+       return -1;
+}
+
+static int load_dtls_certificate(struct ast_rtp_instance *instance,
+                                                                const struct ast_rtp_dtls_cfg *dtls_cfg,
+                                                                struct dtls_cert_info *cert_info)
+{
+       if (dtls_cfg->ephemeral_cert) {
+               return create_certificate_ephemeral(instance, dtls_cfg, cert_info);
+       } else if (!ast_strlen_zero(dtls_cfg->certfile)) {
+               return create_certificate_from_file(instance, dtls_cfg, cert_info);
+       } else {
+               return -1;
+       }
+}
 
-#endif /* #ifdef HAVE_OPENSSL_EC */
+/*! \pre instance is locked */
+static int ast_rtp_dtls_set_configuration(struct ast_rtp_instance *instance, const struct ast_rtp_dtls_cfg *dtls_cfg)
+{
+       struct ast_rtp *rtp = ast_rtp_instance_get_data(instance);
+       struct dtls_cert_info cert_info = { 0 };
+       int res;
+
+       if (!dtls_cfg->enabled) {
+               return 0;
+       }
+
+       if (!ast_rtp_engine_srtp_is_registered()) {
+               ast_log(LOG_ERROR, "SRTP support module is not loaded or available. Try loading res_srtp.so.\n");
+               return -1;
+       }
+
+       if (rtp->ssl_ctx) {
+               return 0;
+       }
+
+       rtp->ssl_ctx = SSL_CTX_new(get_dtls_method());
+       if (!rtp->ssl_ctx) {
+               return -1;
+       }
+
+       SSL_CTX_set_read_ahead(rtp->ssl_ctx, 1);
+
+       configure_dhparams(rtp, dtls_cfg);
 
        rtp->dtls_verify = dtls_cfg->verify;
 
@@ -1680,25 +1909,22 @@ static int ast_rtp_dtls_set_configuration(struct ast_rtp_instance *instance, con
 
        rtp->local_hash = dtls_cfg->hash;
 
-       if (!ast_strlen_zero(dtls_cfg->certfile)) {
-               char *private = ast_strlen_zero(dtls_cfg->pvtfile) ? dtls_cfg->certfile : dtls_cfg->pvtfile;
-               BIO *certbio;
-               X509 *cert = NULL;
+       if (!load_dtls_certificate(instance, dtls_cfg, &cert_info)) {
                const EVP_MD *type;
                unsigned int size, i;
                unsigned char fingerprint[EVP_MAX_MD_SIZE];
                char *local_fingerprint = rtp->local_fingerprint;
 
-               if (!SSL_CTX_use_certificate_file(rtp->ssl_ctx, dtls_cfg->certfile, SSL_FILETYPE_PEM)) {
-                       ast_log(LOG_ERROR, "Specified certificate file '%s' for RTP instance '%p' could not be used\n",
-                               dtls_cfg->certfile, instance);
+               if (!SSL_CTX_use_certificate(rtp->ssl_ctx, cert_info.certificate)) {
+                       ast_log(LOG_ERROR, "Specified certificate for RTP instance '%p' could not be used\n",
+                                       instance);
                        return -1;
                }
 
-               if (!SSL_CTX_use_PrivateKey_file(rtp->ssl_ctx, private, SSL_FILETYPE_PEM) ||
-                   !SSL_CTX_check_private_key(rtp->ssl_ctx)) {
-                       ast_log(LOG_ERROR, "Specified private key file '%s' for RTP instance '%p' could not be used\n",
-                               private, instance);
+               if (!SSL_CTX_use_PrivateKey(rtp->ssl_ctx, cert_info.private_key)
+                   || !SSL_CTX_check_private_key(rtp->ssl_ctx)) {
+                       ast_log(LOG_ERROR, "Specified private key for RTP instance '%p' could not be used\n",
+                                       instance);
                        return -1;
                }
 
@@ -1712,22 +1938,9 @@ static int ast_rtp_dtls_set_configuration(struct ast_rtp_instance *instance, con
                        return -1;
                }
 
-               if (!(certbio = BIO_new(BIO_s_file()))) {
-                       ast_log(LOG_ERROR, "Failed to allocate memory for certificate fingerprinting on RTP instance '%p'\n",
-                               instance);
-                       return -1;
-               }
-
-               if (!BIO_read_filename(certbio, dtls_cfg->certfile) ||
-                   !(cert = PEM_read_bio_X509(certbio, NULL, 0, NULL)) ||
-                   !X509_digest(cert, type, fingerprint, &size) ||
-                   !size) {
-                       ast_log(LOG_ERROR, "Could not produce fingerprint from certificate '%s' for RTP instance '%p'\n",
-                               dtls_cfg->certfile, instance);
-                       BIO_free_all(certbio);
-                       if (cert) {
-                               X509_free(cert);
-                       }
+               if (!X509_digest(cert_info.certificate, type, fingerprint, &size) || !size) {
+                       ast_log(LOG_ERROR, "Could not produce fingerprint from certificate for RTP instance '%p'\n",
+                                       instance);
                        return -1;
                }
 
@@ -1736,10 +1949,10 @@ static int ast_rtp_dtls_set_configuration(struct ast_rtp_instance *instance, con
                        local_fingerprint += 3;
                }
 
-               *(local_fingerprint-1) = 0;
+               *(local_fingerprint - 1) = 0;
 
-               BIO_free_all(certbio);
-               X509_free(cert);
+               EVP_PKEY_free(cert_info.private_key);
+               X509_free(cert_info.certificate);
        }
 
        if (!ast_strlen_zero(dtls_cfg->cipher)) {