SIP diversion: Fix REDIRECTING(reason) value inconsistencies.
authorRichard Mudgett <rmudgett@digium.com>
Sat, 27 Feb 2016 00:57:17 +0000 (18:57 -0600)
committerRichard Mudgett <rmudgett@digium.com>
Wed, 2 Mar 2016 02:21:58 +0000 (20:21 -0600)
Previous chan_sip behavior:

Before this patch chan_sip would always strip any quotes from an incoming
reason and pass that value up as the REDIRECTING(reason).  For an outgoing
reason value, chan_sip would check the value against known values and
quote any it didn't recognize.  Incoming 480 response message reason text
was just assigned to the REDIRECTING(reason).

Previous chan_pjsip behavior:

Before this patch chan_pjsip would always pass the incoming reason value
up as the REDIRECTING(reason).  For an outgoing reason value, chan_pjsip
would send the reason value as passed down.

With this patch:

Both channel drivers match incoming reason values with values documented
by REDIRECTING(reason) and values documented by RFC5806 regardless of
whether they are quoted or not.  RFC5806 values are mapped to the
equivalent REDIRECTING(reason) documented value and is set in
REDIRECTING(reason).  e.g., an incoming RFC5806 'unconditional' value or a
quoted string version ('"unconditional"') is converted to
REDIRECTING(reason)'s 'cfu' value.  The user's dialplan only needs to deal
with 'cfu' instead of any of the aliases.

The incoming 480 response reason text supported by chan_sip checks for
known reason values and if not matched then puts quotes around the reason
string and assigns that to REDIRECTING(reason).

Both channel drivers send outgoing known REDIRECTING(reason) values as the
unquoted RFC5806 equivalent.  User custom values are either sent as is or
with added quotes if SIP doesn't allow a character within the value as
part of a RFC3261 Section 25.1 token.  Note that there are still
limitations on what characters can be put in a custom user value.  e.g.,
embedding quotes in the middle of the reason string is silly and just
going to cause you grief.

* Setting a REDIRECTING(reason) value now recognizes RFC5806 aliases.
e.g., Setting REDIRECTING(reason) to 'unconditional' is converted to the
'cfu' value.

* Added missing malloc() NULL return check in res_pjsip_diversion.c
set_redirecting_reason().

* Fixed potential read from a stale pointer in res_pjsip_diversion.c
add_diversion_header().  The reason string needed to be copied into the
tdata memory pool to ensure that the string would always be available.
Otherwise, if the reason string returned by reason_code_to_str() was a
user's reason string then the string could be freed later by another
thread.

Change-Id: Ifba83d23a195a9f64d55b9c681d2e62476b68a87

CHANGES
channels/chan_sip.c
main/callerid.c
res/res_pjsip_diversion.c

diff --git a/CHANGES b/CHANGES
index 91e170f..78a464f 100644 (file)
--- a/CHANGES
+++ b/CHANGES
@@ -232,6 +232,36 @@ app_confbridge
    conference state and made the locked column a yes/no value instead of a
    locked/unlocked value.
 
+REDIRECTING(reason)
+------------------
+ * The REDIRECTING(reason) value is now treated consistently between
+   chan_sip and chan_pjsip.
+
+   Both channel drivers match incoming reason values with values documented
+   by REDIRECTING(reason) and values documented by RFC5806 regardless of
+   whether they are quoted or not.  RFC5806 values are mapped to the
+   equivalent REDIRECTING(reason) documented value and is set in
+   REDIRECTING(reason).  e.g., an incoming RFC5806 'unconditional' value or a
+   quoted string version ('"unconditional"') is converted to
+   REDIRECTING(reason)'s 'cfu' value.  The user's dialplan only needs to deal
+   with 'cfu' instead of any of the aliases.
+
+   The incoming 480 response reason text supported by chan_sip checks for
+   known reason values and if not matched then puts quotes around the reason
+   string and assigns that to REDIRECTING(reason).
+
+   Both channel drivers send outgoing known REDIRECTING(reason) values as the
+   unquoted RFC5806 equivalent.  User custom values are either sent as is or
+   with added quotes if SIP doesn't allow a character within the value as
+   part of a RFC3261 Section 25.1 token.  Note that there are still
+   limitations on what characters can be put in a custom user value.  e.g.,
+   embedding quotes in the middle of the reason string is just going to cause
+   you grief.
+
+ * Setting a REDIRECTING(reason) value now recognizes RFC5806 aliases.
+   e.g., Setting REDIRECTING(reason) to 'unconditional' is converted to the
+   'cfu' value.
+
 res_pjproject
 ------------------
  * This module is the successor of res_pjsip_log_forwarder.  As well as
index 0b0d114..2d5843d 100644 (file)
@@ -710,7 +710,7 @@ static const struct  cfsip_methods {
  */
 static const struct sip_reasons {
        enum AST_REDIRECTING_REASON code;
-       char * const text;
+       const char *text;
 } sip_reason_table[] = {
        { AST_REDIRECTING_REASON_UNKNOWN, "unknown" },
        { AST_REDIRECTING_REASON_USER_BUSY, "user-busy" },
@@ -723,8 +723,8 @@ static const struct sip_reasons {
        { AST_REDIRECTING_REASON_FOLLOW_ME, "follow-me" },
        { AST_REDIRECTING_REASON_OUT_OF_ORDER, "out-of-service" },
        { AST_REDIRECTING_REASON_AWAY, "away" },
-       { AST_REDIRECTING_REASON_CALL_FWD_DTE, "unknown"},
-       { AST_REDIRECTING_REASON_SEND_TO_VM, "send_to_vm"},
+       { AST_REDIRECTING_REASON_CALL_FWD_DTE, "cf_dte" },              /* Non-standard */
+       { AST_REDIRECTING_REASON_SEND_TO_VM, "send_to_vm" },    /* Non-standard */
 };
 
 
@@ -2375,52 +2375,54 @@ static int map_s_x(const struct _map_x_s *table, const char *s, int errorvalue)
        return errorvalue;
 }
 
-static enum AST_REDIRECTING_REASON sip_reason_str_to_code(const char *text)
+/*!
+ * \internal
+ * \brief Determine if the given string is a SIP token.
+ * \since 13.8.0
+ *
+ * \param str String to determine if is a SIP token.
+ *
+ * \note A token is defined by RFC3261 Section 25.1
+ *
+ * \return Non-zero if the string is a SIP token.
+ */
+static int sip_is_token(const char *str)
 {
-       enum AST_REDIRECTING_REASON ast = AST_REDIRECTING_REASON_UNKNOWN;
-       int i;
+       int is_token;
+
+       if (ast_strlen_zero(str)) {
+               /* An empty string is not a token. */
+               return 0;
+       }
 
-       for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_LEN(sip_reason_table); ++i) {
-               if (!strcasecmp(text, sip_reason_table[i].text)) {
-                       ast = sip_reason_table[i].code;
+       is_token = 1;
+       do {
+               if (!isalnum(*str)
+                       && !strchr("-.!%*_+`'~", *str)) {
+                       /* The character is not allowed in a token. */
+                       is_token = 0;
                        break;
                }
-       }
+       } while (*++str);
 
-       return ast;
+       return is_token;
 }
 
-static const char *sip_reason_code_to_str(struct ast_party_redirecting_reason *reason, int *table_lookup)
+static const char *sip_reason_code_to_str(struct ast_party_redirecting_reason *reason)
 {
-       int code = reason->code;
+       int idx;
+       int code;
 
-       /* If there's a specific string set, then we just
-        * use it.
-        */
+       /* use specific string if given */
        if (!ast_strlen_zero(reason->str)) {
-               /* If we care about whether this can be found in
-                * the table, then we need to check about that.
-                */
-               if (table_lookup) {
-                       /* If the string is literally "unknown" then don't bother with the lookup
-                        * because it can lead to a false negative.
-                        */
-                       if (!strcasecmp(reason->str, "unknown") ||
-                                       sip_reason_str_to_code(reason->str) != AST_REDIRECTING_REASON_UNKNOWN) {
-                               *table_lookup = TRUE;
-                       } else {
-                               *table_lookup = FALSE;
-                       }
-               }
                return reason->str;
        }
 
-       if (table_lookup) {
-               *table_lookup = TRUE;
-       }
-
-       if (code >= 0 && code < ARRAY_LEN(sip_reason_table)) {
-               return sip_reason_table[code].text;
+       code = reason->code;
+       for (idx = 0; idx < ARRAY_LEN(sip_reason_table); ++idx) {
+               if (code == sip_reason_table[idx].code) {
+                       return sip_reason_table[idx].text;
+               }
        }
 
        return "unknown";
@@ -14219,7 +14221,7 @@ static void add_diversion(struct sip_request *req, struct sip_pvt *pvt)
 {
        struct ast_party_id diverting_from;
        const char *reason;
-       int found_in_table;
+       const char *quote_str;
        char header_text[256];
        char encoded_number[SIPBUFSIZE/2];
 
@@ -14244,17 +14246,18 @@ static void add_diversion(struct sip_request *req, struct sip_pvt *pvt)
                ast_copy_string(encoded_number, diverting_from.number.str, sizeof(encoded_number));
        }
 
-       reason = sip_reason_code_to_str(&ast_channel_redirecting(pvt->owner)->reason, &found_in_table);
+       reason = sip_reason_code_to_str(&ast_channel_redirecting(pvt->owner)->reason);
+
+       /* Reason is either already quoted or it is a token to not need quotes added. */
+       quote_str = *reason == '\"' || sip_is_token(reason) ? "" : "\"";
 
        /* We at least have a number to place in the Diversion header, which is enough */
        if (!diverting_from.name.valid
                || ast_strlen_zero(diverting_from.name.str)) {
                snprintf(header_text, sizeof(header_text), "<sip:%s@%s>;reason=%s%s%s",
-                               encoded_number,
-                               ast_sockaddr_stringify_host_remote(&pvt->ourip),
-                               found_in_table ? "" : "\"",
-                               reason,
-                               found_in_table ? "" : "\"");
+                       encoded_number,
+                       ast_sockaddr_stringify_host_remote(&pvt->ourip),
+                       quote_str, reason, quote_str);
        } else {
                char escaped_name[SIPBUFSIZE/2];
                if (sip_cfg.pedanticsipchecking) {
@@ -14263,12 +14266,10 @@ static void add_diversion(struct sip_request *req, struct sip_pvt *pvt)
                        ast_copy_string(escaped_name, diverting_from.name.str, sizeof(escaped_name));
                }
                snprintf(header_text, sizeof(header_text), "\"%s\" <sip:%s@%s>;reason=%s%s%s",
-                               escaped_name,
-                               encoded_number,
-                               ast_sockaddr_stringify_host_remote(&pvt->ourip),
-                               found_in_table ? "" : "\"",
-                               reason,
-                               found_in_table ? "" : "\"");
+                       escaped_name,
+                       encoded_number,
+                       ast_sockaddr_stringify_host_remote(&pvt->ourip),
+                       quote_str, reason, quote_str);
        }
 
        add_header(req, "Diversion", header_text);
@@ -17740,6 +17741,9 @@ static int get_rdnis(struct sip_pvt *p, struct sip_request *oreq, char **name, c
        char *params, *reason_param = NULL;
        struct sip_request *req;
 
+       ast_assert(reason_code != NULL);
+       ast_assert(reason_str != NULL);
+
        req = oreq ? oreq : &p->initreq;
 
        ast_copy_string(tmp, sip_get_header(req, "Diversion"), sizeof(tmp));
@@ -17773,16 +17777,6 @@ static int get_rdnis(struct sip_pvt *p, struct sip_request *oreq, char **name, c
                        if ((end = strchr(reason_param, ';'))) {
                                *end = '\0';
                        }
-                       /* Remove enclosing double-quotes */
-                       if (*reason_param == '"')
-                               reason_param = ast_strip_quoted(reason_param, "\"", "\"");
-                       if (!ast_strlen_zero(reason_param)) {
-                               sip_set_redirstr(p, reason_param);
-                               if (p->owner) {
-                                       pbx_builtin_setvar_helper(p->owner, "__PRIREDIRECTREASON", p->redircause);
-                                       pbx_builtin_setvar_helper(p->owner, "__SIPREDIRECTREASON", reason_param);
-                               }
-                       }
                }
        }
 
@@ -17814,12 +17808,27 @@ static int get_rdnis(struct sip_pvt *p, struct sip_request *oreq, char **name, c
        }
 
        if (!ast_strlen_zero(reason_param)) {
-               if (reason_code) {
-                       *reason_code = sip_reason_str_to_code(reason_param);
+               *reason_str = ast_strdup(reason_param);
+
+               /* Remove any enclosing double-quotes */
+               if (*reason_param == '"') {
+                       reason_param = ast_strip_quoted(reason_param, "\"", "\"");
                }
 
-               if (reason_str) {
-                       *reason_str = ast_strdup(reason_param);
+               *reason_code = ast_redirecting_reason_parse(reason_param);
+               if (*reason_code < 0) {
+                       *reason_code = AST_REDIRECTING_REASON_UNKNOWN;
+               } else {
+                       ast_free(*reason_str);
+                       *reason_str = ast_strdup("");
+               }
+
+               if (!ast_strlen_zero(reason_param)) {
+                       sip_set_redirstr(p, reason_param);
+                       if (p->owner) {
+                               pbx_builtin_setvar_helper(p->owner, "__PRIREDIRECTREASON", p->redircause);
+                               pbx_builtin_setvar_helper(p->owner, "__SIPREDIRECTREASON", reason_param);
+                       }
                }
        }
 
@@ -22698,10 +22707,11 @@ static void change_redirecting_information(struct sip_pvt *p, struct sip_request
                redirecting->to.name.str = redirecting_to_name;
        }
        redirecting->reason.code = reason;
+       ast_free(redirecting->reason.str);
+       redirecting->reason.str = reason_str;
        if (reason_str) {
-               ast_debug(3, "Got redirecting reason %s\n", reason_str);
-               ast_free(redirecting->reason.str);
-               redirecting->reason.str = reason_str;
+               ast_debug(3, "Got redirecting reason %s\n", ast_strlen_zero(reason_str)
+                       ? sip_reason_code_to_str(&redirecting->reason) : reason_str);
        }
 }
 
@@ -23502,14 +23512,22 @@ static void handle_response_invite(struct sip_pvt *p, int resp, const char *rest
                if (p->owner && !req->ignore) {
                        struct ast_party_redirecting redirecting;
                        struct ast_set_party_redirecting update_redirecting;
+                       char *quoted_rest = ast_alloca(strlen(rest) + 3);
+
                        ast_party_redirecting_set_init(&redirecting, ast_channel_redirecting(p->owner));
                        memset(&update_redirecting, 0, sizeof(update_redirecting));
 
-                       redirecting.reason.code = sip_reason_str_to_code(rest);
-                       redirecting.reason.str = ast_strdup(rest);
+                       redirecting.reason.code = ast_redirecting_reason_parse(rest);
+                       if (redirecting.reason.code < 0) {
+                               sprintf(quoted_rest, "\"%s\"", rest);/* Safe */
+
+                               redirecting.reason.code = AST_REDIRECTING_REASON_UNKNOWN;
+                               redirecting.reason.str = quoted_rest;
+                       } else {
+                               redirecting.reason.str = "";
+                       }
 
                        ast_channel_queue_redirecting_update(p->owner, &redirecting, &update_redirecting);
-                       ast_party_redirecting_free(&redirecting);
 
                        ast_queue_control(p->owner, AST_CONTROL_BUSY);
                }
index 69fe6ff..d2b3218 100644 (file)
@@ -1209,7 +1209,16 @@ static const struct ast_value_translation redirecting_reason_types[] = {
        { AST_REDIRECTING_REASON_OUT_OF_ORDER,   "out_of_order", "Called DTE Out-Of-Order" },
        { AST_REDIRECTING_REASON_AWAY,           "away",         "Callee is Away" },
        { AST_REDIRECTING_REASON_CALL_FWD_DTE,   "cf_dte",       "Call Forwarding By The Called DTE" },
-       { AST_REDIRECTING_REASON_SEND_TO_VM,     "send_to_vm",   "Call is being redirected to user's voicemail"},
+       { AST_REDIRECTING_REASON_SEND_TO_VM,     "send_to_vm",   "Call is being redirected to user's voicemail" },
+
+       /* Convenience SIP aliases.  Alias descriptions are not used. */
+       { AST_REDIRECTING_REASON_USER_BUSY,      "user-busy" },
+       { AST_REDIRECTING_REASON_NO_ANSWER,      "no-answer" },
+       { AST_REDIRECTING_REASON_UNCONDITIONAL,  "unconditional" },
+       { AST_REDIRECTING_REASON_TIME_OF_DAY,    "time-of-day" },
+       { AST_REDIRECTING_REASON_DO_NOT_DISTURB, "do-not-disturb" },
+       { AST_REDIRECTING_REASON_FOLLOW_ME,      "follow-me" },
+       { AST_REDIRECTING_REASON_OUT_OF_ORDER,   "out-of-service" },
 /* *INDENT-ON* */
 };
 
@@ -1232,7 +1241,7 @@ const char *ast_redirecting_reason_describe(int data)
 
        for (index = 0; index < ARRAY_LEN(redirecting_reason_types); ++index) {
                if (redirecting_reason_types[index].value == data) {
-                       return redirecting_reason_types[index].description;
+                       return redirecting_reason_types[index].description ?: "Redirecting reason alias-bug";
                }
        }
 
index ea2c7cd..f1a6ddf 100644 (file)
 
 static const pj_str_t diversion_name = { "Diversion", 9 };
 
+/*!
+ * \internal
+ * \brief Determine if the given string is a SIP token.
+ * \since 13.8.0
+ *
+ * \param str String to determine if is a SIP token.
+ *
+ * \note A token is defined by RFC3261 Section 25.1
+ *
+ * \return Non-zero if the string is a SIP token.
+ */
+static int sip_is_token(const char *str)
+{
+       int is_token;
+
+       if (ast_strlen_zero(str)) {
+               /* An empty string is not a token. */
+               return 0;
+       }
+
+       is_token = 1;
+       do {
+               if (!isalnum(*str)
+                       && !strchr("-.!%*_+`'~", *str)) {
+                       /* The character is not allowed in a token. */
+                       is_token = 0;
+                       break;
+               }
+       } while (*++str);
+
+       return is_token;
+}
+
 /*! \brief Diversion header reasons
  *
  * The core defines a bunch of constants used to define
@@ -46,7 +79,7 @@ static const pj_str_t diversion_name = { "Diversion", 9 };
  */
 static const struct reasons {
        enum AST_REDIRECTING_REASON code;
-       char *const text;
+       const char *text;
 } reason_table[] = {
        { AST_REDIRECTING_REASON_UNKNOWN, "unknown" },
        { AST_REDIRECTING_REASON_USER_BUSY, "user-busy" },
@@ -59,39 +92,28 @@ static const struct reasons {
        { AST_REDIRECTING_REASON_FOLLOW_ME, "follow-me" },
        { AST_REDIRECTING_REASON_OUT_OF_ORDER, "out-of-service" },
        { AST_REDIRECTING_REASON_AWAY, "away" },
-       { AST_REDIRECTING_REASON_CALL_FWD_DTE, "unknown"},
-       { AST_REDIRECTING_REASON_SEND_TO_VM, "send_to_vm"},
+       { AST_REDIRECTING_REASON_CALL_FWD_DTE, "cf_dte" },              /* Non-standard */
+       { AST_REDIRECTING_REASON_SEND_TO_VM, "send_to_vm" },    /* Non-standard */
 };
 
 static const char *reason_code_to_str(const struct ast_party_redirecting_reason *reason)
 {
-       int code = reason->code;
+       int idx;
+       int code;
 
        /* use specific string if given */
        if (!ast_strlen_zero(reason->str)) {
                return reason->str;
        }
 
-       if (code >= 0 && code < ARRAY_LEN(reason_table)) {
-               return reason_table[code].text;
-       }
-
-       return "unknown";
-}
-
-static enum AST_REDIRECTING_REASON reason_str_to_code(const char *text)
-{
-       enum AST_REDIRECTING_REASON code = AST_REDIRECTING_REASON_UNKNOWN;
-       int i;
-
-       for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_LEN(reason_table); ++i) {
-               if (!strcasecmp(text, reason_table[i].text)) {
-                       code = reason_table[i].code;
-                       break;
+       code = reason->code;
+       for (idx = 0; idx < ARRAY_LEN(reason_table); ++idx) {
+               if (code == reason_table[idx].code) {
+                       return reason_table[idx].text;
                }
        }
 
-       return code;
+       return "unknown";
 }
 
 static pjsip_fromto_hdr *get_diversion_header(pjsip_rx_data *rdata)
@@ -159,13 +181,31 @@ static void set_redirecting_reason(pjsip_fromto_hdr *hdr,
 {
        static const pj_str_t reason_name = { "reason", 6 };
        pjsip_param *reason = pjsip_param_find(&hdr->other_param, &reason_name);
+       char *reason_str;
 
        if (!reason) {
                return;
        }
 
        set_redirecting_value(&data->str, &reason->value);
-       data->code = reason_str_to_code(data->str);
+       if (!data->str) {
+               /* Oops, allocation failure */
+               return;
+       }
+       reason_str = ast_strdupa(data->str);
+
+       /* Remove any enclosing double-quotes */
+       if (*reason_str == '"') {
+               reason_str = ast_strip_quoted(reason_str, "\"", "\"");
+       }
+
+       data->code = ast_redirecting_reason_parse(reason_str);
+       if (data->code < 0) {
+               data->code = AST_REDIRECTING_REASON_UNKNOWN;
+       } else {
+               ast_free(data->str);
+               data->str = ast_strdup("");
+       }
 }
 
 static void set_redirecting(struct ast_sip_session *session,
@@ -251,6 +291,9 @@ static void add_diversion_header(pjsip_tx_data *tdata, struct ast_party_redirect
        pjsip_sip_uri *uri;
        pjsip_param *param;
        pjsip_fromto_hdr *old_hdr;
+       const char *reason_str;
+       const char *quote_str;
+       char *reason_buf;
 
        struct ast_party_id *id = &data->from;
        pjsip_uri *base = PJSIP_MSG_FROM_HDR(tdata->msg)->uri;
@@ -272,7 +315,17 @@ static void add_diversion_header(pjsip_tx_data *tdata, struct ast_party_redirect
 
        param = PJ_POOL_ALLOC_T(tdata->pool, pjsip_param);
        param->name = pj_str("reason");
-       param->value = pj_str((char*)reason_code_to_str(&data->reason));
+
+       reason_str = reason_code_to_str(&data->reason);
+
+       /* Reason is either already quoted or it is a token to not need quotes added. */
+       quote_str = *reason_str == '\"' || sip_is_token(reason_str) ? "" : "\"";
+
+       reason_buf = pj_pool_alloc(tdata->pool, strlen(reason_str) + 3);
+       sprintf(reason_buf, "%s%s%s", quote_str, reason_str, quote_str);/* Safe */
+
+       param->value = pj_str(reason_buf);
+
        pj_list_insert_before(&hdr->other_param, param);
 
        hdr->uri = (pjsip_uri *) name_addr;